Moore, C. T., T. L. Shaffer, and J. J. Gannon. 2013. Spatial education: improving conservation delivery through space-structured decision making. Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management 4:199-210. http://dx.doi.org/10.3996/082012-JFWM-069
Adaptive management is a form of structured decision making designed to guide management of natural resource systems when their behaviors are uncertain. Where decision making can be replicated across units of a landscape, learning can be accelerated, and biological processes can be understood in a larger spatial context. Broad-based partnerships among land management agencies, exemplified by Landscape Conservation Cooperatives (conservation partnerships created through the U.S. Department of the Interior), are potentially ideal environments for implementing spatially-structured adaptive management programs.