Conner, M.M., P. Budy, R. Wilkion, M. Mill, D. Speas, P. MacKinnon, and M. McKinstry. 2020. Estimating population abundance with a mixture of physical capture and passive PIT tag antenna detection data. Submitted to Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 77:1163-1171.
The inclusion of passive interrogation antennas (PIA) detection data has promise to increase precision of population abundance estimates (). However, encounter probabilities are often higher for PIAs than for physical capture. If the difference is not accounted for, may be biased. Using simulations, we estimated the magnitude of bias resulting from mixed capture and detection probabilities, and evaluated potential solutions for removing the bias for closed capture models. Mixing physical capture and PIA detections (pdet) resulted in negative biases in . However, using an individual covariate to model differences removed bias and improved precision. From a case study of fish making spawning migrations across a stream-wide PIA (pdet ≤ 0.9), the coefficient of variation (CV) of () declined 39-82% when PIA data were included, and there was a dramatic reduction in time to detect a significant change in For a second case study, with only modest pdet (≤0.2) at randomly placed, smaller PIAs, CV( declined 4-18%. Our method is applicable for estimating abundance for any situation where data are collected with methods having different capture/detection probabilities.