Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Units Program: Nebraska
Education, Research and Technical Assistance for Managing Our Natural Resources

Fontaine, J.J. and K.L. Decker. 2009. Exploring predation and animal coloration through outdoor activity. Science Activities 45:3-7.


Although children often characterize animals by the animals' color or pattern, the children seldom understand the evolutionary and ecological factors that favor particular colors. In this article, we describe two activities that help students understand the distinct evolutionary strategies of warming coloration and camouflage. Because both of these strategies effectively allow prey animals to avoid predation, they can help explain considerable variation in animal coloration.