Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Units Program: Alaska
Education, Research and Technical Assistance for Managing Our Natural Resources

Alaska Technical Assistance Activities


Nate Cathcart, research technician with the Alaska Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, conducts a snorkel survey for juvenile Chinook salmon within a logjam along the Chena River, Alaska.

Description and Agency Provider(s) Date
Reviewed and commented on developing policy guidelines for protection headwater streams in the US. Also attended as an invited scientist a workshop held in DC on headwater policy.
USEPA
Wipfli January 2012
Review Coordinator: National Academy of Sciences/Polar Research Board Committee Report on "Frontiers in Understanding Climate Change and Polar Ecosystems."
National Academy of Sciences
McGuire January 2010
Research Grade Evaluation Panel, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
Powell September 2004
Provided scientific guidance to EPA headquarters (DC) on nutrient dynamics and food web interactions in streams, as related to mining.
USEPA
Wipfli August 2013
Provided scientific guidance on effects of nutrient additions on water quality for drinking water for Sacramento, CA.
CA Dept of Water Resources
Wipfli May 2015
Provided scientific expertise on transboundary rivers and their management across the US and Canadian borders.
University of Montana
Wipfli January 2016
Provided reviews of monitoring and operational reports and expert opinion on the environmental effects of a proposed surface coal mine in southcentral Alaska
Cook Inlet Keeper
Wipfli March 2009
Provide routine review of annual workplans and proposals received for Porcupine Caribou herd studies. Participate in responses to International Porcupine Caribou Management Board.
Porcupine Caribou Herd Technical Committee
Griffith October 2014
Programatic Review, Kodiak National Wildlife Refuge
Griffith June 2001
Organized a Special Symposium on Resource Subsidies Across Ecosystem Boundaries for the American Fisheries Society National Meeting
American Fisheries Society
Wipfli January 2015
Organized a Special Symposium on Forestry-Fish Interactions for the American Fisheries Society
American Fisheries Society
Wipfli March 2014
Member. Science Steering Committee for the Study of Environmental Arctic Change (SEARCH), which is a research activity that is supported through several federal agencies (2002 - present)
Science Steering Committee for the Study of Environmental Arctic Change (SEARCH)
McGuire October 2002
Member, USGS Ecosystem Science Strategy Planning Team
USGS Ecosystem Science Strategy Planning Team (SSPT)
McGuire November 2010
Member, USGS Carbon Sequestration Interagency Science Panel (2009 - 2010).
U.S. Geological Survey, Carbon Sequestration Interagency Science Panel
McGuire October 2009
Member, Technical Advisory Group, Alaska Water Temperature Standards and Protocols. 2014.
Alaska Natural Heritage Program
Falke April 2014
Member, Technical Advisory Group, Alaska Stream and Lake Temperature Monitoring Network. 2014.
Alaska Natural Heritage Program
Falke September 2013
Member, Steering Committee, Arctic Climate Change and Cumulative Effects (ACCCE) analysis conducted by Audubon Alaska, The Wilderness Society, and The Nature conservancy. March 2010 onward
Audubon Alaska
Griffith March 2010
Member, Science Steering Committee for the Arctic Community-wide Hydrological Analysis and Monitoring Program (Arctic-CHAMP), which is a program supported through the Arctic System Science (ARCSS) Activity of the National Science Foundation (2002 - present)
National Science Foundation, Arctic System Science (ARCSS) Activity
McGuire October 2002
Member, Interagency Advisory Committee on DOT Federal Highway Administration Report on Regional Climate Change Effects: Useful Information for Transportation Agencies
U.S. Department of Transportation
McGuire October 2009
Member, Federal Advisory Committee Author Team for U.S. Global Change Research Program Report on Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States (2008 – 2009).
U.S. Global Change Research Program
McGuire October 2008
Member, Executive Board of the U.S. Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) Network (2008 - present).
U.S. Long Term Ecological Research Network
McGuire October 2008
Member, Carbon Cycle Science Working Group to draft new U.S. Carbon Cycle Science Plan (2009 - present).
U.S. Carbon Cycle Science Program, Carbon Cycle Science Working Group
McGuire October 2009
Member, Carbon Cycle Science Steering Group for the Carbon Cycle Interagency Working Group
U.S. Climate Change Science Program
McGuire January 2005
Member, Advisory Committee for the Cooperative Arctic Data and Information Service of the Arctic Observatory Network (2008 - present).
National Science Foundation, Arctic Observatory Network
McGuire October 2008
External Advisor, Quantifying the Carbon Budget of North Russia -- Past, Present, and Future.
European Union Sixth Framework Programme Global Change and Ecosystems, CARBO-North Project
McGuire January 2007
Co-Chair, U.S. Arctic Research Commission study and report titled Scaling Studies in Arctic System Science and Policy Support: A Call-to-Research (2007 - 2010).
U.S. Arctic Research Commission
McGuire October 2007
Chairman, IUCN Species Survival Commission, Re-introduction Specialist Group, Committee on Habitat Restoration, 1998-present.
Griffith January 1998
Chair, Organizing Committee for the “Scientific Assessment of the Arctic Carbon Cycle," an activity of the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program (AMAP) on behalf of the eight countries of the Arctic Council (2006 - 2009).
Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program
McGuire January 2006
Biological Review Panel for Yukon Delta National Wildlife Refuge
Wipfli November 2008
Assisted Ontario Provincial government agencies with developing guidelines for scientific based decision making on headwater stream development in Ontario.
Ontario government
Wipfli January 2013
Applied AM/SDM techniques to the problems of optimal water level management in USFWS R6 and to the power to detect environmental change in USFWS R7 through a RCRP funded project and delivered the final report at a meeting of all cooperators.
US Fish & Wildlife Service
Griffith February 2012
Advisory Committee Member, Wolong National Nature Reserve, Sichuan, China, 2005-present.
Griffith October 2005
Role - Description Provider         Start Date        End Date       
Wildlife Scholarship Committee (University of Alaska, Fairbanks) Powell September 2010 September 2015
Simon Fraser University outside examiner - Served as an external examiner for SFU PhD student Wipfli October 2014 October 2014
Seminar committee member Wipfli August 2010 December 2018
Outside Examiner, PhD Comprehensive Exam - Serve as Outside Examiner on PhD Comprehensive Exam for Tapas Bhattacharya, University of Alaska Fairbanks. Griffith April 2010 April 2010
Outside Examiner, PhD Comprehensive Exam - Serve as Outside Examiner on PhD Comprehensive Exam for Jill Shipman, University of Alaska Fairbanks. Griffith July 2011 July 2011
NSF-EPSCoR Leadership Team - Invited member of the Coordination, Integration, and Synthesis Leadership Team. Appointed by UAF's Vice Chancellor of Research. Wipfli October 2014 December 2017
Member: Search Committee for faculty position in Ecology McGuire September 2011 April 2012
Member: Research Scientist and Affiliate Faculty Committee, Department of Biology and Wildlife McGuire September 2012 Present
Member: Human Resources Coordinator Search Committee, Institute of Arctic Biology (2012). - Member: Human Resources Coordinator Search Committee, Institute of Arctic Biology (2012). McGuire November 2012 December 2012
Member, Video Conferencing Committee, School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences Wipfli August 2005 August 2007
Member, UAF Graduate Academic Advisory Committee Falke August 2019 Present
Member, Space Committee, Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks Falke September 2015 Present
Member, Search Committee, Dean of the College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, University of Alaska, Fairbanks Powell May 2010 January 2011
Member, Search Committee, Assistant/Associate Professor of Wildlife Biology Powell August 2010 February 2011
Member, Search Committee (Assistant/Associate Professor in Quantitative Ecology) Powell May 2005 March 2006
Member, Science Steering Committee for Scenarios Network for Alaska Planning (SNAP) McGuire July 2007 December 2011
Member, SFOS, Outcomes Assessment Committee Wipfli May 2008 June 2010
Member, Leadership Committee, Bonanza Creek Long-Term Ecological Research Program McGuire July 2003 Present
Member, Institute of Arctic Biology Space Committee Powell April 2005 September 2015
Member, Graduate Curriculum Committee, Department of Fisheries, College of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, University of Alaska Fairbanks - Ensures that CFOS academic programs meet student needs in all areas in which CFOS has responsibility. Develops plans for new programs and new ideas concerning delivery methods and core classes. Falke May 2014 Present
Member, Faculty Search Committee, School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, University of Alaska - Fairbanks Wipfli May 2007 February 2008
Member, Executive Committee for the Resilience and Adaptation Program (RAP) Interdisciplinary Graduate Program, University of Alaska - Fairbanks McGuire July 2001 June 2007
Member, Biology and Wildlife, University of Alaska - Fairbanks, Master's Comprehensive Exam Committee Powell September 2005 September 2009
IAB Summer Research Fellowship Committee - Committee Member - evaluate applications for summer fellowships. Vote on applicants to receive awards. Powell January 2012 September 2015
EPSCoR Aquatic Ecology and Fisheries lead-- SCTC - Lead the research on the fisheries and aquatic ecology components of the Soutcentral Testcase of the EPSCoR IV program. Wipfli July 2012 December 2017
Courtesy Professor, Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation, University of Florida Powell September 2015 Present
Core Team Member, UAF Center for Salmon and Society Falke December 2014 January 2017
Committee Member, AK Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit Leader Search Committee - Member of search committee of federal, state, and university cooperators for Unit Leader search. Wipfli March 2010 May 2010
Chair: Panel to rate applications for Assistant Unit Leader Fisheries position - Chair McGuire November 2011 December 2011
Chair, Wildlife Graduate Applications Committee - Responsible for soliciting comments on graduate applications for the wildlife program at UAF. Provide recommendations to the department chair for acceptance into the graduate program. Powell January 2012 September 2015
Chair, Unit Peer Review Committee to Evaluate Promotion File - Evaluate university promotion file for Dr. Mark Wipfli, Alaska Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit McGuire January 2010 December 2010
Chair, Search Committee for Assistant Leader Fisheries, Alaska Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit - Chair committee of university, state, and federal cooperators for Unit Leader search. Wipfli April 2011 March 2012
Chair, Population Ecologist Search Committee - Conduct search for an recommend top 3 candidates for Institute of Arctic Biology/Department of Biology and Wildlife Assistant Professor of Population Ecology. Griffith September 2013 February 2014
Chair, Meek Invited Scholar Committee - Chair committee, School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, University of Alaska Fairbanks Wipfli July 2010 July 2011
Chair, Fisheries Division Seminar Committee - Chair of seminar committee for Juneau and Fairbanks campuses of School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, University of Alaska Fairbanks. Wipfli July 2010 December 2011
Chair, Executive Officer Search Committee - Conduct search for and recommend selection of Institute of Arctic Biology Executive Officer Griffith March 2013 May 2013
Chair, Department of Fisheries Seminar Committee - Chair seminar committee - update TOR, oversee invited seminars for 2017-2018 Falke September 2017 Present
Chair, Co-investigator with PI F. Stuart Chapin III on National Science Foundation for Integrative Graduate Education Researcch Training project "Regional Resilience and Adaptation: Planning for Change." Awarded for 2001-2007 ($2,620,000). McGuire January 2001 June 2007
Chair, AK Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit Leader Search Committee - Chair committee of university, state, and federal cooperators for Unit Leader search. Wipfli September 2010 January 2011
Admission Panel, Biol/Wildl Grad Program, Univ. AK Fairbanks - Review graduate applications for suitability for admisssions to UAF graduate program in Biol/Wildlife Griffith October 2011 September 2012
Role and Organization Individual         Start Date        End Date       
USGS Research Grade Evaluation Panel Powell October 2011 December 2011
Team Member, Chena River Watershed Resources Action Plan Falke November 2014 April 2015
Student Paper Award Committee; 5th Western Hemisphere Shorebird Group Meeting Powell September 2013 September 2013
Student Mentor, The Wildlife Society Powell October 2010 October 2010
Student Mentor, 17th Annual Meeting of The Wildlife Society Powell October 2010 October 2010
Steering Committee, Chena River Summit Falke January 2013 Present
Steering Committee Member, CircumArctic Rangifer Monitoring and Assessment Program (CARMA) Griffith January 2004 Present
Steering Committee Member, Arctic Climate Change and Cumulative Effects (ACCE) analysis conducted by Audubon Alaska, The Wilderness Society, and the Nature Conservancy Griffith March 2010 March 2011
Science panelist for Kuukpik Indigenous Workshop Wipfli June 2017 December 2018
Science Expert, International Rivers Working Group, Wilburforce Foundation Wipfli November 2015 October 2017
Representative, North America, Arctic Ungulate Society Griffith August 2003 August 2009
Organizer & Moderator of a Special Fish-Forestry multi-agency workshop. This was crucial gathering of DEC, ADFG, Dept of Forestry, USFWS, USFS, TU, Native Corporations, private consultants, and NGOs to hammer out the co-management approaches to fisheries and forestry in coastal US Wipfli January 2015 January 2015
Member, Search Committee, Editor of Earth Interactions McGuire January 2008 January 2010
Member, Science Steering Group for the Yukon River Basin Science Plan, USGS Climate Effects Science Network Griffith October 2006 Present
Member, International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Species Survival Commission Griffith January 1998 December 2008
Member, Boreal Partners in Flight Powell January 2001 Present
Member, Board of Directors, Alaska Bird Observatory Powell January 2002 February 2010
Member, Biological Review Panel for the Yukon Delta National Wildlife Refuge, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 3-5 November 2008 Wipfli November 2008 November 2008
Member, Alaska Shorebird Group Powell December 2008 Present
Judge, Biology Graduate Student Association Interdisciplinary Research Symposium Powell May 2011 May 2011
Invited Member, Arctic Research Consortium of the U.S. (ARCUS), Understanding Arctic Change Workshop and whitepaper development Griffith January 2010 January 2011
Graduate committee for PhD student, University of Iceland Wipfli June 2017 Present
Forestry-Fisheries Working group Wipfli November 2014 March 2015
FWS LCC workshop Wipfli November 2012 November 2012
Executive Committee, Engaging Salcha and Chena Area Partners on Ecosystems Falke June 2015 Present
DNR, Kenai Watershed Forum Wipfli March 2012 March 2012
DNR Wipfli May 2011 May 2011
Committee member, MS Graduate committee for University Northern British Columbia graduate student, UNBC Wipfli June 2012 December 2015
Co-chair, Arctic System Science Data-Model Workshop Organizing Committee McGuire July 2006 June 2008
Chair, Student Awards and Travel, 4th International Sea Duck Conference Powell January 2010 December 2010
Chair, Scientific Session, Alaska Bird Conference 2008 Powell August 2007 March 2008
Chair, Scientific Program, Alaska Bird Conference Powell May 2010 November 2010
Chair, Scientific Program, 16th Alaska Bird Conference Powell April 2014 December 2015
Chair, Scientific Advisory Committee, Alaska Bird Observatory Powell January 2002 December 2012
Board Member, Executive Committee, Alaska Shorebird Working Group Powell February 2003 March 2008
Outreach Activity Provider(s)        Date       
Spatial Ecology Lab Web Page: http://picea.sel.uaf.edu McGuire January 2000
Served as supervisory scientist working with ADF&G and FWS on leading fieldwork for a FWS-led school district educational program to guide high school students in hands-on scientific research. Wipfli August 2014
Science and research video, NSF-EPSCoR Southcentral Testcase Wipfli October 2014
Reviewer for Alaska High School Symposium (annually). McGuire March 2000
Provided scientific expertise regarding fire and salmon in response to a wildfire on the Kenai Peninsula in May 2014. It was for a live broadcast on public radio. Wipfli May 2014
Provided narrative on salmon ecology and climate change on educational video for Native Villages in Alaska. Wipfli July 2014
Presented an overview of biodiversity studies in the Yukon River Basin to Alaska Friends of Refuges through a webinar, focusing on Yukon Flats National Wildlife Refuge. Griffith February 2012
Powell, A. N. Plovers in peril: Snowy Plovers on California's Coast. Alaska Bird Observatory Seminar Series Powell March 2002
Powell, A. N. Ecology of King Eiders on Alaska's North Slope. Oral paper presented at the MMS Information Transfer Seminar, Anchorage, AK. Powell December 2002
Phillips. L. A., A. N. Powell, and E. Taylor. Migration ecology of King Eiders. Alaska Forum on the Environment, Anchorage, AK. Powell February 2004
Phillips, L., A. Powell, E. Taylor. Use of the Beaufort Sea by King Eiders. 10th Annual MMS Information Transfer Meeting, Anchorage, AK. Paper presented on 15 March 2005. Powell March 2005
Phillips, L., A. N. Powell, and E. Taylor. Migration ecology of King Eiders. Oral paper presented at the Coastal Marine Institute Annual Research Review. Powell February 2004
Phillips, L., A. N. Powell, and E. Taylor. Importance of the Beaufort Sea to King Eiders. Oral paper presented at the Coastal Marine Institute Annual Research Review. Powell February 2003
Nutrient and prey fluxes across ecosystem boundaries sustain freshwater fishes. Article in Oncorhynchus, Newsletter of the Alaska Chapter, American Fisheries Society 30(2):1-4. Wipfli April 2010
Murie Science and Learning Center Summer Speaker Series: Life of a Little Known Bird in Alaska: Smith's Longspur Powell August 2014
McGuire, R., A. Powell, and R. Suydam. Breeding biology and habitat use of King Eiders on the coastal plain of northern Alaska. 10th Annual MMS Information Transfer Meeting, Anchorage, AK. Powell March 2005
McGuire, A. D. January 22, 2003. Progress Towards Quantifying the Locations of Carbon Sources and Sinks in the Northern Hemisphere: Process-based Approaches. Atmospheric Science Informal Seminar. McGuire January 2003
Led field trip to collect aquatic invertebrates and discuss wetland ecology with 22 7th-grade students and their teacher on Wetland Ecology Field Day, Watershed School, Fairbanks School District. Wipfli September 2011
Led aquatic ecology team for the 2-day BioBlitz public education outreach event sponsored by USFS, NOAA, ADFG, and USFWS. Wipfli June 2011
Led a stream ecology field trip, in conjunction with the Marine Advisory Program, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Petersburg, AK Wipfli September 2009
Invited speaker in the session "From the boreal forest to the open ocean: How climate change impacts the Alaskan Arctic," The Conference on Global Leadership in the Arctic: Cooperation, Innovation, Engagement and Resilience (GLACIER) sponsored by the U.S. Department of State, Anchorage, AK. Griffith, Roach August 2015
Instructor for topic "Introduction to Arctic Ecosystems" at Summer School 2004, International Arctic Research Center, Fairbanks, AK McGuire August 2004
Instructor for topic "Arctic Ecosystem Modeling" at Summer School 2004, International Arctic Research Center, Fairbanks, AK McGuire August 2004
Griffith, B., L. M. Comly, M. Chilelli, K. R. Rock, J. M. Scott, T. H. Tear, and J. W. Carpenter. 1998. Annotated bibliography of wildlife translocations. http://mercury.bio.uaf.edu/~bgriffit.faculty/translocation.ssi Griffith January 1999
Griffith, B., D. E. Russell, and G. P. Kofinas. February 2002. A continental system for barren-ground caribou habitat assessment. Presented to the Alaska Oil and Gas Association North Slope Conference, Fairbanks, Alaska. Griffith February 2002
Griffith, B. March 2005. Inconvenient answers: Experiences at the interface between biological research and public policy. All Hands Meeting, Cooperative Research Units, USGS, Jacksonville, FL. Griffith March 2005
Griffith, B. March 2002. Tracking caribou by satellite. Invited presentation, Science for Alaska Series, Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks. Griffith March 2002
Griffith, B. March 2002. Tracking caribou by satellite. Invited presentation, Science for Alaska Series, Alaska Science and Technology Foundation, Anchorage. Griffith March 2002
Griffith, B. July 2006. Variability in climate warming: Effects on wildlife habitats and populations. Invited presentation, Denali Foundation Science Series, Denali National Park and Preserve, AK. Griffith July 2006
Griffith, B. July 2006. Climate change implications for wildlife and their habitats in the North. Invited speaker, International Polar Year Lecture Series, University of Alaska Fairbanks. Griffith July 2006
Griffith, B. July 2002. Climate, development and the Porcupine caribou herd. Invited presentation to the 5th Annual Gwich'in Gathering, Old Crow, Yukon Territory, Fairbanks. Griffith July 2002
Griffith, B. July 2002. Arctic National Wildlife Refuge: 1002 Report, Porcupine caribou herd. Invited presentation to the U.S. Department of State Representative Meeting, University of Alaska Fairbanks. Griffith July 2002
Griffith, B. July 2002. Arctic National Wildlife Refuge: 1002 Report, Porcupine caribou herd. Invited presentation to Resource Management Society, School of Agriculture and Land Resources Management, University of Alaska Fairbanks. Griffith July 2002
Griffith, B. January 2003. The Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit program in the Institute of Arctic Biology at the University of Alaska Fairbanks. Region 7 Annual Directorate Meeting, USFWS, Chena Hot Springs Resort, AK. Griffith January 2003
Griffith, B. April 2002. Potential effects of petroleum development on the Porcupine caribou herd. Invited presentation to US Senate open meeting, Dirksen Building, Washington, DC. Griffith April 2002
Featured article about a publication that came out in The Condor (Weiser and Powell 2010). Powell September 2010
Evidence of Recent Climate Change in Terrestrial Regions of Alaska, presented to the Bureau of Land Management, Fairbanks, AK. McGuire May 2005
Elementary School Science Fair Judge Powell March 2003
Educational video -- Observations of Change in Interior Alaska. Nenana, Alaska. Bonanza Creek Long Term Ecological Research (BNZ-LTER) Maps and Locals (MALs) project Wipfli November 2014
Douglas, D. C. and B. Griffith. April 2003. Caribou research priorities for Alaska's North Slope. Alaska Science Center Sympsium, USGS, Anchorage, AK. Griffith April 2003
Contributed to two newspaper articles on salmon in the Pacific Northwest. Wipfli April 2017
Consulted with public radio correspondent and Kenai National Wildlife Refuge manager on fire and salmon issues. Wipfli July 2014
Chena River Watershed Resource Action Plan - The process included three, 2.5-day workshops with the planning team to target areas in the Chena River Watershed (focusing on ecosystem-level resources), assess current and projected future health of the resources, identify critical threats, and develop conservation strategies to enhance health and abate threats. The workshops were held in November of 2014, February of 2015 and April of 2015. Falke June 2015
Briefing to Arctic National Wildlife Refuge staff on research priorities for issues related to potential development of the 1002 area. Griffith March 2003
BioBlitz 2010: In collaboration with ADFG, NOAA, USFS, and USFWS, organized and led a public education session on freshwater ecosystems, Juneau, AK. Wipfli June 2010
Barnette Magnet School Science Fair Powell February 2010
Backensto, S., A. Powell, C. Gerlach, and G. Kofinas. Foraging ecology of Common Ravens (Corvus corax) on Alaska's Coastal Plain and its relationship to oil and gas development. 10th Annual MMS Information Transfer Meeting, Anchorage, AK. Paper presented on 15 March 2005. Powell March 2005
Assisted with World Water Monitoring Days at the Chena River, Fairbanks, Alaska, in conjunction with Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation and Tanana Valley Advisory Board. Wipfli September 2008
Allen, D. A., A. Morkill, and B. Griffith. February 2001. Potential effects of oil development on wildlife resources of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. Presentation to the Secretary of Interior, Washington, D.C. Additional presentations to the Directorate USFWS, OMB, and NSF during February 26-28, 2001. Griffith February 2001
Alaska's Eiders. Presentation at Alaska Bird Observatory. Presented by Heather Wilson, Laura Phillips, Rebecca McGuire, and Mike Knoche. Powell March 2004
"The effects of changing soil carbon on ecosystem services in interior Alaska," seminar/webinar presented at the Alaska Center for Climate Assessment and Policy (ACCAP), Fairbanks, AK. McGuire March 2011
"Sensitivity of the Arctic Carbon Cycle to Climate Change." Global Change Seminar Series, University of Alaska Fairbanks. November 19, 2009. McGuire November 2009