Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Units Program: Florida
Education, Research and Technical Assistance for Managing Our Natural Resources

Florida Staff Member


Dr. Wiley Kitchens

Wiley Kitchens with brown pelicans.

Assistant Unit Leader
Phone: (352) 846 - 0536
Email: wiley01@ufl.edu
Faculty Website

Links:

Education

  • Ph D North Carolina State University 1978
  • MA Miami University 1970
  • BS Lamar University 1966

Teaching Interest

Techniques in natural resource conservation, geology of South Florida, conservation biology, wetlands ecology and conservation

Research Interest

Dr. Kitchens' expertise is wetlands ecology with an emphasis on conservation and restoration of wetlands ecosystems. Given the restoration focus of his research, most of his projects are long-term, multidisciplinary, and targeted to resolving vegetation succession and faunal responses to hydrologic perturbations, both natural and anthropogenic. The approach generally involves identifying quantifying the factors that operate at multiple spatial and temporal scales in regulating ecologic structure and function of wetland ecosystems. In recent years, his research has focused on the Endangered Snail Kite, a wetland dependent species endemic to the Everglades and lacustrine wetlands of Central and South Florida. Given its endangered status and the generally perturbed state of these wetlands the approach has been to document populations trends, demography, and movement patterns of the kites in response to habitat structure and quality in these wetlands. The overall goal is to provide restoration managers information pertinent to the restoration of these systems.

Research Publications Publication Date
Zweig, C.L., M.A. Burgess, H.F. Percival and W.M. Kitchens. 2015. Use of unmanned aircraft systems to delineate fine-scale vegetation communities. Wetlands. 35(2): 303-309. | Abstract | Download February 2015
Zweig, C.L., B.E. Reichert, and W. M. Kitchens. 2011. Implications of discontinuous elevation gradients on fragmentation and restoration in patterned wetlands. Ecosphere 2(8):art98. doi: 10.1890/ES11-00119.1 April 2011
Zweig, C.L. and W.M. Kitchens. 2009. Defining the present before restoring the past: Everglades vegetation communities. Society of Wetland Scientists Online Brief Series. http://www.sws.org/researchbrief. May 2009
Zweig, C. and W.M. Kitchens. 2009. Multi-state succession in wetlands: A novel use of state and transition models. Ecology. 90:1900-1909. May 2009
Zweig, C. and W.M. Kitchens. 2008. Effects of landscape gradients on wetland vegetation communities: Information for large-scale restoration. Wetlands. 28(4) 1086–1096. December 2008
Zweig, C. L. and W. M. Kitchens. 2010. The Semiglades: The collision of restoration, social values, and the ecosystem concept. Restoration Ecology 18(2): 138–142. December 2010
Wharton, C., W. M. Kitchens, E. C. Pendleton, and T. W. Sipe. 1982. The ecology of bottomland hardwood swamps of the southeast: a community profile. FWS/OBS-81/37. U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Biological Services Program, Washington, D. C. September 1982
Wetzel, P. R., and W. M. Kitchens. 2007. Vegetation change from Chronic stress events: Detection of the effects of tide gate removal and long-term drought on a tidal marsh. Journal of Vegetation Science. 18: 431-442. July 2007
Wetzel, P. R., W. M. Kitchens, J. M. Brush, and M. L. Dusek. 2004. Use of a reciprocal transplant study to measure the rate of plant community change in a tidal marsh along a salinity gradient. Wetlands, Vol. 24(4):879-890. July 2004
Welch, Z.C. and W.M. Kitchens. 2007. Predicting freshwater and oligohaline tidal marsh vegetation communities in the vicinity of the Savannah National Wildlife Refuge. Proceedings of the 2007 Georgia Water Resources Conference, University of Georgia, Athens, GA. December 2007
Valentine-Darby, P. L., R. E. Bennetts, and W. M. Kitchens. 1998. Seasonal patterns of habitat use by snail kites in Florida. Journal of Raptor Research, Vol. 32:98-103. April 1998
Valentine-Darby, P. L., R. E. Bennetts and W. M. Kitchens. 1997. Breeding season masses of snail kites in Florida. Florida Field Naturalist, Vol. 25(2):60-63. February 1997
Valentine-Darby, P. L., P. C. Darby, R. E. Bennetts, W. M. Kitchens, and H. F. Percival. 2008. The use of mark-recapture to estimate Florida apple snail (Pomacea paludosa Say) density in wetland habitats. Florida Scientist. 71(2): 115-127. August 2007
Summers, J. K., H. N. McKellar, R. F. Dame, and W. M. Kitchens. 1980. A simulation model of estuarine subsystems coupling and carbon exchange with the sea II. North Inlet model structure output and validation. Ecological Modeling, Vol. 11(2):101-140. June 1980
Sullivan, R. S., J. Richardson, W. M. Kitchens, and T. J. Smith, III. 1989. Monitoring water quality and habitat: Guidelines for National Wildlife Refuges in Region IV. Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, Gainesville, FL. May 1989
Silveira, J. E., J. R. Richardson and W. M. Kitchens. 1993. A geographic information systems model of fire damage and vegetation recovery in the Everglades. In: Wetlands: Proceedings of the 13th Annual Conference Society of Wetland Scientists, New Orleans, LA., Florida Cooperative Research Unit, Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, pp. 455-458. March 1993
Richardson, J. R., W. L. Bryant, W. M. Kitchens. 1993. Spatial relationships of vegetation, water quality and hydrology in a northern Everglades Ecosystem. In: Landin, M. C., ed. Wetlands: Proceedings of the 13th Annual Conference of the Society of Wetlands Scientists, New Orleans, LA. Utica, MS. April 1993
Richardson, J. R., W. L. Bryant, Jr., and W. M. Kitchens. 1993. Spatial relationships ofvegetation, water quality and hydrology in a norther everglades ecosystem. Everglades: Proceedings of the 13th Annual Conference, Society of Wetland Scientists, New Orleans, LA. Department of Wildlife and Range Sciences, Department of Environmental Engineering Sciences, Florida Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, Universityof Florida, Gainesville, FL, pp. 401-405. March 1993
Richardson, J. R., W. L. Bryant and W. M. Kitchens. 1993. A spatial hydrologic model ofLoxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge and its integration into a GIS analysis. In: Wetlands: Proceedings of the 13th Annual Conference, Society of Wetland Scientists, New Orleans, LA. Departments of Wildlife and Range Sciences, Department of Environmental Engineering Sciences and the Florida Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, pp. 450-454. March 1993
Richardson, J. R., K. R. Pope and W. M. Kitchens. 1987. Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge Vegetation and Modeling Study. Proceedings of the 8th Annual Society of Wetland Scientist Meeting, Seattle, WA, pp. 204-210. September 1987
Reichert, Brian,J. Martin, W.Kendall, C. Cattau, W. Kitchens. 2009. Interactive Effects of Senescence and Natural Disturbance on the Survival Probabilities of Snail Kites. Oikos. DOI: 10.111/j.1600-0706.2010. 18366.x December 2009
Reichert, B. E., C. E. Cattau, R. J. Fletcher, Jr., W. L. Kendall, and W. E. Kitchens. 2012. Extreme weather and experience influence reproduction in an endangered bird. Ecology 93:2580-2589. October 2012
R. McCleery, Zweig, C.L., M.A. DeSa, H.F. Percival, and W.M. Kitchens. In review. A novel trapping method for small mammals. Wildlife Society Bulletin. December 2014
Pope, K. R., J. R. Richardson and W. M. Kitchens. 1987. Vegetation patterns in a northEverglades marsh. Proceedings of the 8th Annual Meeting of the Society of Wetland Scientists, pp. 211-215. August 1987
Pias, K., Z. Welch, and W.M. Kitchens. Extraction Platforms:2012. An Artificial Perch to Help Snail Kites Handle an Exotic Apple Snail. Waterbirds 35(2):347-351. June 2012
Peterson, L. P., G. W. Tanner, and W. M. Kitchens. 1995. A comparison of passerine feeding habits in two tidal marsh communities. Wetlands, Vol. 14(4). September 1995
Pendleton, E., and W. M. Kitchens. 1984. Community and estuarine profiles as management tools. Proceedings of the 8th Annual Meeting of the Coastal Society. May 1984
Pearlstine, L., S. E. Smith, L. Brandt, C. Allen, W. Kitchens, and J. Sternberg. 2002. Assessing state-wide biodiversity in the Florida Gap Analysis Project. Environmental Management, Vol. 66(2):127-144. February 2002
Pearlstine, L. G., and W. M. Kitchens. 1987. A succession modelling approach to wetland impact assessment. National Wetlands Newsletter, Vol. 9(1):13-15. February 1987
Pearlstine, L. G., and W. M. Kitchens. 1986. Community succession modelling for resource management., pp 1369-1381. In Coastal Zone '85: Proceedings of the Fourth Symposium On Coastal Ocean Management, O. T. Magoon, H. Converse, D. Miner, and D. Clark, eds. American Society of Civil Engineers. New York, NY. March 1986
Pearlstine, L. G., W. M. Kitchens, P. J. Latham and R. D. Bartleson. 1993. Tide gate influences on a tide marsh. Water Resources Bulletin, Vol. 29(6):1009-1019. August 1993
Pearlstine, L. G., W. M. Kitchens, P. J. Latham and R. D. Bartleson. 1993. Tide gate influences on a tidal marsh. American Water Resources Association, pp. 433-440 and 625-626. March 1993
Pearlstine, L. G., W. M. Kitchens and P. Latham. 1993. Modeling tidal marsh succession in the coastal Savannah River, GA. Wetlands: Proceedings of the 13th Annual Conference, Society of Wetland Scientists, New Orleans, LA, pp. 445-449. March 1993
Pearlstine, L. G., L. A. Brandt, W. M. Kitchens and F. J. Mazzotti. 1995. Impacts of citrus development on habitats of Southwest Florida. Conservation Biology, Vol. 9:1020-1032. February 1995
Pearlstine, L. G., L. A. Brandt, F. Mazzotti and W. M. Kitchens. 1997. Fragmentation of pineflatwood and marsh communities converted for ranching and citrus. Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol. 38:159-169. Special Issue. August 1997
Pearlstine, L. G., H. McKellar and W. M. Kitchens. 1985. Modeling the impacts of a river diversion on bottomland forest communities in the Santee River floodplain, South Carolina. Ecological Modeling, Vol. 29:283-302. May 1985
Mooij, W. M., R. E. Bennetts, D. L. De Angelis, and W. M. Kitchens. 2002. Exploring the effects of drought extent on the Florida Snail Kite: interplay between spatial and temporal scales. Ecological Modelling, Vol. 149(2002):25-39. February 2002
Mooij, W. M., J. Martin, W. M. Kitchens, and D. L. DeAngelis. 2007. Exploring the Temporal Effects of Seasonal Water Availability on the Snail Kite of Florida. In: Bissonette, J., and I. Storch, eds. Temporal Explicitness in Landscape Ecology: The Missing Dimension. Springer. New York July 2007
McKellar, H., M. Homer, L. G. Pearlstine and W. M. Kitchens. Preliminary analysis of energyflow impacts of a river rediversion. In: M. J. Mitsch, R. W. Bosserman and J. M. Klopatek, eds., Energy and Ecological modeling. Developments in environmental modeling, 1 Elsevier, Amsterdam/Oxford/New York, pp. 315-326. May 1981
McKellar, H. N., L. G. Pearlstine, M. Homer, and W. M Kitchens. 1981. Preliminary analysis of energy flow impacts of a river re-diversion. In: Mitsch, W., and R. Bosserman, eds. Energy and Ecological Modelling. Developments in environmental modelling, 1 Elsiver, Amsterdam/Oxford/New York, pp. 315-326 April 1981
Martin, Julien, Wiley M. Kitchens, Madan K. Oli, Christopher E. Cattau. 2008. Exploring the importance of natural disturbances and habitat degradation on Snail Kite population dynamics. Endangered Species Research. 6: 25-39. October 2008
Martin, J., W. M. Kitchens, and J. E. Hines. 2006. Why are well designed monitoring programmes so critical for the conservation of endangered species? A case study of the snail kite. Conservation Biology. 21 (2): 472-481 July 2007
Martin J., W. M. Kitchens, and J. E. Hines. 2007. Natal location influences on movement and survival of a spatially structured population of snail kites. Oecologia. 153(2): 291-301 May 2007
Martin J., W. M. Kitchens, and J. E. Hines. 2007. Immportance of well designed monitoring programs for the conservation of Endangered Species: Case study of the snail kite. Conservation Biology. 21(2): 472-481 May 2007
Martin J., J. D. Nichols, W. M. Kitchens, and J. E. Hines. 2006. Multiscale patterns of movement in fragmented landscapes and consequences on demography of the snail kite in Florida. Journal of Animal Ecology. 75 (2):527-540. July 2006
Martin J., J. D. Nichols, W. M. Kitchens, J. E. Hines. 2006. Multiscale patterns of movement in fragmented landscapes and consequences on demography of the snail kite in Florida. Journal of Animal Ecology. 75: 527-539. | Download December 2006
Loftin, C. S., W. Rasberry, and W. M. Kitchens. 2000. Development of a grid-cell topographic surface for Okefenokee Swamp, Georgia. Wetlands 20(3): 487-499. September 2000
Loftin, C. S., S. B. Aicher, and W. M. Kitchens. 2000. Effects of the Suwannee River sill on the hydrology of the Okefenokee Swamp: application of research results in the environmental assessment process. In: McCool, S. R., D. N. Cole, W. T. Borrie, and J. O'Loughlin, comps. Wilderness Science in a time of Change Conference-Volume 3. Wilderness as a place for scientific inquiry: Proceedings RMRS-P-15-VOL-3. Ogden, UT: USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Ogden, UT. pp. 102-110. January 2000
Loftin, C. S., N. Ansay, and W. M. Kitchens. 2001. Development and Application of a spatial hydrology model of Okefenokee Swamp, GA. Journal American Water Resources, Vol. 37(4): 1-22. September 2001
Latham, P. J., L. G. Pearlstine, and W. M. Kitchens. 1993. Species association changes across a gradient of fresh, oligohaline, and mesohaline tidal marshes along the lower Savannah River. Wetlands, Vol. 14(3):174-178. July 1993
Latham, P. J., L. G. Pearlstine, and W. M. Kitchens. 1991. Spatial distribution of the softstem bulrush, Scripus validus, across a salinity gradient. Estuaries, Vol. 14(2):192-198. March 1991
Latham, P. J., L. G. Pearlstine and W. M. Kitchens. 1987. Plant patterns and distribution of a south Atlantic coastal tidal marsh. Proceedings of the Eighth Annual Meeting of the Society of Wetland Scientists, "Wetland and Riparian Ecosystems of the American West, " May 26-29, Seattle, Washington. May 1987
Kjerfve, B., L. H. Stevenson, J. A. Proehl, T. H. Chrzanowski and W. M. Kitchens. 1981. Estimation of material fluxes in an estuarine cross section: a critical analysis of spatial measurement density and errors. Limnology Oceanography, Vol. 26(2):325-335. June 1981
Kitchens, W. M., and B. J. Copeland. 1979. Succession in laboratory microecosystems subjected to thermal and nutrient addition stresses. In: Giesy, John P., Jr., ed. Mineral Cycling Southeastern Ecosystems. U. S. Technical Information Center, U. S. Department of Energy, Symposium Series 52 (CONF-781101). June 1979
Kitchens, W. M., R. Edwards, and W. Johnson. 1979. Development of a "living" salt marsh ecosystem model: A microecosystem approach. In: Dame, R., ed. Marsh-estuarine Systems Simulations. University of South Carolina Press. May 1979
Kitchens, W. M., R. E. Bennetts, and D. L. DeAngelis. 2001. Linkages between the snail kite population and wetland dynamics in a highly fractured South Florida hydroscape. In: Porter, J. W., and K. G. Porter, eds. Linkages Between Ecosystems: the South Florida Hydroscape. CRC /St. Lucie Press. 183-203. June 2002
Kitchens, W. M., L. G. Pearlstine and R. D. Bartleson. 1993. Tide gate influences on thehydrology of the coastal Savannah River, SC. Wetlands: Proceedings of the 13th Annual Conference, Society of Wetland Scientists, New Orleans, LA. p. 638. March 1993
Kitchens, W. M., J. M. Dean, L. H. Stevenson, and J. H. Cooper. 1975. The Santee Swamp as nutrient "sink". In: Howell, F. G., J. B. Gentry, and M. H. Smith, eds. Mineral Cycling in Southeastern Ecosystems. USAEC Symposium Series, CONF-740513. January 1975
Kitchens, W. M., H. N. McKellar, J. Booth, and L. G. Pearlstine. 1985. Impact analysis in the Santee/Cooper River Re-diversion Project: an overview of a pilot community modeling approach. Proceedings of the 8th Annual Environmental Review Conference, Environmental Protection Agency. September 1985
Kitchens, W. M., B. J. Copeland. 1980. Succession in laboratory microecosystems subjected to thermal and nutrient addition stresses. In: Microcosms in Ecological Research, John P. Giesy, Jr., ed., Published by U. S. Technical Information Center, U. S. Department of Energy, Symposium Series 52 (CONF-7881101). February 1980
Kitchens, W. M. 1979. Development of a salt marsh microsystem. International Journal of Enviornmental Studies, Vol. 13:109-118. May 1979
Jordan, C.F., H. L. Jelks and W. M. Kitchens. 1994. Habitat use by the fishing spider 'Dolemedes triton' in Northern Everglades. Wetlands 14(3). 18. | Download December 1994
Jordan, C. F., H. L. Jelks, and W. M. Kitchens. 1997. Habitat structure and plant community composition in a northern Everglades wetland landscape. Wetlands, Vol. 17(2):275-283. February 1997
Jordan, C. F. H. L. Jelkand W. M. Kitchens. 1994. Habitat use by the fishing spider (Dolemedes triton) in northern Everglades. Wetlands, Vol. 14(3). June 1997
Jelks, H. L., J. R. Richardson, and W. M. Kitchens. 1992. Changes in the foraging patterns of wading birds (Ciconiiforms) in response to fluctuating hydrologic conditions in the impounded northern Everglades. In: Wetlands: proceedings of the 13th Annual Conference, Society of Wetland Scientists, New Orleans, LA. Department of Wildlife and Range Sciences, Florida Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, pp. 490. June 1992
Hotaling, A.S., J. Martin, W.M. Kitchens. 2009. Estimating Transition Probabilities Among Everglades Wetland Communities Using Multistate Models. Wetlands 20(4):1224-1233. December 2009
Hotaling, A., H. F. Percival, W. M. Kitchens, J. W. Kasbohm. 2010. The persistence of the endangered Florida salt marsh vole in the salt marshes of the Central Florida gulf coast. Southeastern Naturalist 9(4):795-802. December 2010
Haas, Sara, Rebecca Kimball, Julien Martin, and Wiley Kitchens. 2008. Genetic divergence among Snail Kite subspecies: implications for the conservation of the endangered Florida Snail Kite. Ibis (Published on-line): Aug 11 2008 DOI: 10.1111/j.1474-919X.2008.00872.x August 2008
Gardner, L. R., and W. M. Kitchens. 1978. Sediment and chemical exchanges between salt marshes and coastal waters. In: B. Kjerfve, ed. Transport Processes in Estuarine Environment. University of South Carolina Press. March 1978
Gardner, L. R., and W. M. Kitchens. 1978. Sediment and chemical exchanges between salt marshes and coastal waters. In: B. Kjerfve, ed. Transport Processes in Estuarine Environment. University of South Carolina Press. April 1978
Fletcher, R.J. Jr., M. Acevedo, B.Reichert, K. Pias, and W. Kitchens. 2011. Revisiting the foundations of spatial network analysis for ecology and conservation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108(38): 19282-19287. May 2012
Duberstine, J., and W. M. Kitchens. 2007. Chapter 12- Community composition of select areas of tidal freshwater forests along the Savannah River. In: W. H. Conner, T. W. Doyle, and K. W. Krauss (Eds. ) Ecology of Tidal Freshwater Forested Wetlands of the Southeastern United States. Springer. 321-348. May 2007
Duberstein, J., and W. M. Kitchens. 2007. Community composition of select areas of freshwater tidal forest along the Savannah River. In: Conner, W. H., T. W. Doyle, and K. W. Krauss, eds. Ecology of Tidal Freshwater Swamps of the Southeastern United States. Springer. New York July 2007
Dreitz, V. J., and J. A. Duberstein. 2001. use of red mangrove for nesting by snail kites in Florida. Florida Field Naturalist, Vol. 29(2):49-50. January 2001
Dreitz, V. J., W. M. Kitchens, and D. L. DeAngelis. 2004. The effects of natal dispersal and environmental state on survival of juvenile snail kites in Florida. Auk, Vol. 104(3):1-10. March 2004
Dreitz, V. J., R. E. Bennetts, B. Toland, W. M. Kitchens, and M. W. Collopy. 2001. Spatial and temporal variability in nest success of snail kites in Florida: a meta-analysis. Condor, Vol. 103:502-509. September 2001
Dreitz, V. J., R. E. Bennetts, B. Toland and W. M. Kitchens. 2002. Snail kite nest success and water levels: a reply to Beissinger and Snyder. Condor, Vol. 104:216-221. August 2002
Dreitz, V. J., J. D. Nichols, J. E. Hines, R. E. Bennetts, W. M. Kitchens and D. L. DeAngelis. 2002. Use of resighting data to estimate the rate of population growth of the snail kite in Florida. Journal of Applied Statistics, Vol. 29(1-4):609-623. September 2002
DeSa, M., C.L. Zweig, H.F. Percival, W.M. Kitchens, J. Hayes, J.W. Kasbohm. 2012. Comparison of Small Mammal Capture Techniques in Tidal Salt Marshes of the Central Gulf Coast of Florida. Southeastern Naturalist.11(1)89-100. January 2012
Darby, Philip C., Patricia L. Valentine-Darby, R. E. Bennetts, Jason D. Coop, H. F. Percival, W. M. Kitchens. 1997. Ecological Studies of Apple Snails. (Pomacea Paludosa, SAY), Prepared under joint contract with South Florida Water Management District and St. John's River Water Management District, pp. 1-152. February 1997
Darby, Philip C., P. L. Valentine-Darby, H. F. Percival, and W. M. Kitchens. 2001. Collecting Florida apple snails (Pomacea paludosa) from wetland habitats using funnel traps. Wetlands 21(2):308-311. September 2001
Darby, P. C., R. E. Bennetts, P. L. Valentine-Darby, W. M. Kitchens, and J. D. Croop. 1999. A comparison of sampling techniques for quantifying abundance of the Florida apple snail (Pomacea paludosa, Say). Journal of Molluscan Studies, Vol. 65:195-208. April 1999
Darby, P. C., P. L. Valentine-Darby, H. F. Percival, and W. M. Kitchens. 2004. Florida apple snail responses to lake habitat restoration activity. Archiv Fur Hydrobiologie. 161(4): 561-575. August 2004
Dame, R., F. Vernberg, R. Bonnell, and W. M. Kitchens. 1977. Hegolander wiss. Meeresunters, Vol. 30:343-356. | Download May 1977
Conner, W. J., R. T. Huffman, W. M. Kitchens, and Panel: W. Harms, S. Harrison, P. Hatcher, L. Holloway, R. Johnson, L. Lee, A. Lucas, S. Ray, C. Rhodes, D. Sanders, R. Theriot, and J. Wooten. 1990. Composition and productivity in bottomland hardwood forest ecosystems: the report of the vegetation workgroup. In: Ecological Processes and Cumulative Impacts. J. G. Gosselink, L. C. Lee, and T. A. Muir, eds. Lewis Publishers, pp. 456-479. September 1990
Cattau, C. E., P. C. Darby, R. J. Fletcher, and W. M. Kitchens. 2013. Reproductive response of the endangered snail kite to variations in prey density. Journal of Wildlife Management. December 2014
Cattau, C. E., J. Martin, W.M. Kitchens. 2009. Effects of an exotic prey species on a native specialist: example of the Snail Kite. Biological Conservation 143: 513-520. December 2009
Bryant, W. L., J. R. Richardson and W. M. Kitchens. 1993. Vegetation relationships to sediment chemistry and hydrology in the Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge. In: Wetlands: Proceedings of the 13th Annual Conference Society of Wetland Scientists, New Orleans, LA p. 391. March 1993
Brody, M., W. Conner, L. G. Pearlstine and W. M. Kitchens. 1989. Modeling bottomland forest and wildlife habitat changes in Louisiana's Atchafalaya Basin. In: Freshwater and Wetlands Wildlife, Proceedings of a symposium held at Charleston, South Carolina, March 24-27, 1986. R. R. Sharitz and J. Whitfield Gibbons, eds. DOE-CONF 860326. Office of Science and Technological Information, U. S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, TN, pp. 991-1004. February 1989
Brandt, L. A., K. M. Portier, and W. M. Kitchens. 2000. Patterns of change in tree islands in Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge from 1950 to 1991. Wetlands, Vol. 20(1):1-14. January 2000
Brandt, L. A., J. E. Silveira, and W. M. Kitchens. 2002. Chapter 10: Tree Islands of the Arthur R. Marshall National Wildlife Refuge. In: Sklar, F. H., and A. Van Der Valk, eds. Tree Islands of the Everglades. Kluwer Academic Inc., pp. 310-335. March 2002
Bowling, A. W., J. Martin, and W. M. Kitchens. 2012. Evaluating the effect of changes in habitat conditions on movement of juvenile snail kites. Ibis 154:554-565 . May 2012
Bennetts, R. E., and W. M. Kitchens. 2001. Factors influencing movement probabilities of a nomadic food specialist. Oikos 92:1-9. July 2001
Bennetts, R. E., and W. M. Kitchens. 1997. Population dynamics and conservation of snail kites in Florida: The importance of spatial and temporal scale. Col. Waterbirds 20(2):324-329. February 1997
Bennetts, R. E., and W. M. Kitchens. 1997. Influence of the 1994-1995 high water event onsurvival, reproduction, and distribution of snail kites in the Florida Everglades. IN: Proceedings of the conference held at Florida International University, August 22-23, 1996 in Miami, Florida, pp. 197-204. February 1997
Bennetts, R. E., W. M. Kitchens, and V. J. Dreitz. 2002. Influence of an extreme high-water event on survival, reproduction, and distribution of snail kites in Florida. Wetlands, Vol. 22(2):452-454 September 2002
Bennetts, R. E., W. M. Kitchens, and D. L. DeAngelis. 1998. Recovery of the endangered snail kite: beyond a reductionist paradigm. Transactions of the 63rd North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference, Vol. 63:486-501. May 1998
Bennetts, R. E., V. J. Dreitz, W. M. Kitchens, J. E. Hines, and J. D. Nichols. 1999. Annual survival of snail kites in Florida with comparisons between radio telemetry and capture-resighting data. Auk, Vol. 116:435-447. September 1999
Bennetts, R. E., M. R. Shannon, and W. M. Kitchens. 1997. Causes of mortality of post-fledging juvenile and adult snail kites in Florida. Florida Field Naturalist, Vol. 26(3):84-87. May 1997
Bennetts, R. E., K. Golden, V. J. Dreitz, and W. M. Kitchens. 1998. Estimates of the proportion of snail kites attempting to breed and the number of attempts per year in Florida. Florida Field Naturalist, Vol. 26(3):77-83. September 1998
Bennetts, R. E., J. D. Nichols, J. Lebreton, R Pradel, J. E. Hines, and W. M. Kitchens. 2001. Methods for estimating dispersal probabilities and related parameters using marked animals. In: Colbert, J., J. D. Nichols, E Dabchin, and A Dhont, eds. Causes, Consequences, and Mechanisms of Dispersal at the Individual, Population, and Community Level. Oxford University Press. January 2001
Bennetts, R. E. and W. M. Kitchens. 1999. Within-year patterns of survival of Snail Kites in Florida. Journal of Field Orinthology, 70(2):268-275. | Download December 1999
Bellmund, Sarah and Wiley M. Kitchens. 1997. Chapter 7: Landscape ecological indices: In: Science Subgroup, eds. Ecological and percursor success criteria for south Florida ecosystem restoration. Report to the Working Group of the South Florida Ecosystem Restoration Taskforce. September 1997
Baber, M. J., K. J. Babbit, F. Jordan, H. L. Jelks, and W. M. Kitchens. 2005. Relationships among habitat type, hydrology, predator composition, and distribution of larval anurans in the Florida Everglades. In Meshaka, W. E., and K. J. Babbit (eds). Amphibian and Reptiles: Status and Conservation in Florida. Krieger Publishing Co. Malabar, FL. pp. 154-160. June 2005
Allen, C., L. Pearlstine, D. Wojcik, and W. M. Kitchens. 2001. The spatial distribution of diversity between disparate taxa: Spatial correspondence between mammals and ants. Landscape Ecology 16(5) 453-464. September 2001
Allen, C. R., L. G. Pearlstine, and W. M. Kitchens. 2001. Modeling viable mammal populations in gap analyses. Biological Conservation 99:135-144. | Download September 2001
Technical Publications Publication Date
Shoger, Brad, Adam Betuel, and Wiley M. Kitchens. 2009. Wildlife Usage and Habitat Development on Spoil Islands in Lake Tohopekaliga, FL. Final Report. U.S. Geological Survey, Florida Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. August 2009
Richardson, J.R., W.L. Bryant, W.M. Kitchens, J.E. Matson, and K.R. Pope. 1990. An evaluation of refuge habitats and relationships to water quality, quantity, and hydroperiod. Technical Report #41. Florida Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, Gainesville, FL. May 1990
Reichert, Brian, Christopher Cattau, Wiley Kitchens, Kyle Pias, and Jean Olbert. 2009. Snaill Kite Demography in blue cypress Marsh Complex. Annual Report 2009. October 2009
Reichert, Brian, Christopher Cattau, Wiley Kitchens, Kyle Pias, and Jean Olbert. 2010. Snail Kite Demography in Blue Cypress Marsh Complex. Annual Report 2011. May 2011
Reichert, Brian, Christopher Cattau, Wiley Kitchens, Christa Zweig, Jean Olbert, and Kyle Pias. Demographic, Movement, and Habitat studies of the Endagered Snail Kite in Response to Operational Plans in Water Conservation Area 3A. Annual Report. October 2009
Reichert, Brian, Christopher Cattau, Wiley Kitchens, Christa Zweig, Jean Olbert, and Kyle Pias. Demographic, Movement, and Habitat Studies of the Endangered Snail Kite in Response to Operational Plans in Water Conservation Area 3A. 2011. Annual Report May 2011
Pearlstine, L.G., R. Bartleson, W.M. Kitchens, and P.J. Latham. 1989. Lower Savannah river hydrological characterization. Technical Report #35. Florida Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, Gainesville, FL. May 1989
Pearlstine, L.G., L.A. Bryant, and W.M. Kitchens. 1993. 1991 landcover classification for Eglin Air Force Base. Technical Report #47. Florida Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, Gainesville, FL. April 1993
Pearlstine, L., S. E. Smith, and W. M. Kitchens. 2000. A GAP analysis of Florida: Final Report. USGS. Florida Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit. Technical Report No. 65. May 2000
Pearlsinte, L.G., S.E. Smith, and W.M. Kitchens. 2000. A GAP analysis of Florida: Final Report. Technical Report #65. U.S. Geological Survey, Florida Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, Gainesville, FL. May 2000
Mattson, J.E., J.R. Richardson, and W.M. Kitchens. 1991. A comparison of cattail (Typha sp.) occurrence on a photo-interpreted map versus a satellite data map. Technical Report #40. Florida Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, Gainesville, FL. August 1991
Martin, J., W.M. Kitchens, C. Cattau, A. Bowling, S. Stocco, E. Powers, C. Zweig, A. Hotaling, Z. Welch, H. Waddle, and A. Paredes. 2007. Snail Kite Demography: Annual report, 2007. U.S. Geological Survey, Florida Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. May 2007
Loftin, C.S. and W.M. Kitchens. 1998. Assessing patterns and processes of landscape change in Okefenokee Swamp, GA. Technical Report #60. Florida Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, Gainesville, FL. August 1998
Conrads, P.A., E.A. Roehl, R.C. Daamen, W. Kitchens. 2007. Simulation of salinity in the tidal marshes in the vicinity of the Savannah National Wildlife Refuge using artificial nueral networks. Proceedings of the 2007 Georgia Water Resources Conference. Athens, GA. May 2007
Christopher Cattau, Wiley Kitchens, Brian Reichert, Andrea Bowling, Althea Hotaling, Christa Zweig, Jean Olbert, Kyle Pias, and Julien Martin. 2008. Demographic, Movement, and Habitat Studies of the Endangered Snail Kite in Response to Operational Plans in Water Conservation Area 3A. U.S. Geological Survey, Florida Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. May 2008
Brush, Janell, Melissa DeSa, Zach Welch, Carolyn Enloe, and Wiley Kitchens. 2009. Monitoring Floral and Faunal Succession Following Lake Enhancement in the Littoral Reaches of Lake Tohopekaliga. Final Report. Florida Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit. July 2009
Bennetts, R.E. and W.M. Kitchens. 1997. The demography and movements of snail kites in Florida. Technical Report #56. U.S. Geological Survey/Biological Resources Division, Florida Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, Gainesville, FL. May 1997