Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Units Program: New Mexico
Education, Research and Technical Assistance for Managing Our Natural Resources

New Mexico Project

Identification and characterization of habitat conditions of mule deer, elk and pronghorn migration routes and stopover locations in northern New Mexico

July 2020 - December 2023


Participating Agencies

  • New Mexico Department of Game and Fish
  • Mule Deer Foundation
  • T&E Inc

Migratory ungulate populations require distinct winter and summer ranges (and resources therein) to fulfill their life history characteristics, reproductive requirements, and to maintain adequate nutritional status allowing for population vital rates (e.g., adult and neonate survival) sufficient to prevent population declines. Our objectives are to identify and map seasonal ranges, migration routes, and stopover locations for mule deer, pronghorn, and elk in northern New Mexico allowing state and federal agencies to identify and mitigate potential threats to the persistence of these migration routes. Further, we are also assessing habitat characteristics along the migration route and at stopover locations to allow for more informed management of these migratory populations.

Presentations Presentation Date
Ennis, J.R., and J.W. Cain III. 2022. Pronghorn Resource Selection and Migration through High-elevation Forests in Northern New Mexico. 29th Pronghorn Workshop. Deadwood, South Dakota, USA. August 2022
Ennis, J.R., and J.W. Cain III. 2022. Elk and mule deer spring migration in New Mexico: movement strategies for navigating through a monsoonal landscape.10th International Deer Biology Congress. Osijek, Croatia. September 2022
Ennis, J.R, J.W. Cain III, N. Tatman, O. Duvuvuei, and A. Opatz. 2021. Elk, mule deer, and pronghorn migration in a high-elevation monsoonal landscape. 54th Joint Annual Meeting of the Arizona/New Mexico Chapters of The Wildlife Society, Virtual Online. February 2021