Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Units Program:
Education, Research and Technical Assistance for Managing Our Natural Resources


Landscape ecology of human-wildlife interactions in Botswana

May 2022 - December 2025


Participating Agencies

Human-wildlife interactions can have negative consequences for both the people and the wildlife involved. However, we don't always have spatial context for these interactions. We can use landscape ecology to investigate the patterns and processes of human-wildlife interactions. In Botswana, this information can support conservation, management, and mitigation actions. This project builds off of research done in collaboration with Texas A&M, the Ecoexist Project, and Botswana Department of Wildlife and National Parks.

Research Publications Publication Date
He, H., Buchholtz, E., Chen, F., Vogel, S. and Yu, C.A.A., 2022. An agent-based model of elephant crop consumption walks using combinatorial optimization. Ecological Modelling, 464, p.109852. | Abstract | Publisher Website February 2022
Buchholtz, E.K., Stronza, A., Songhurst, A., McCulloch, G. and Fitzgerald, L.A., 2020. Using landscape connectivity to predict human-wildlife conflict. Biological Conservation, 248, p.108677. | Abstract August 2020
Buchholtz, E.K., Spragg, S., Songhurst, A., Stronza, A., McCulloch, G. and Fitzgerald, L.A., 2021. Anthropogenic impact on wildlife resource use: Spatial and temporal shifts in elephants’ access to water. African Journal of Ecology, 59(3), pp.614-623. | Abstract | Publisher Website March 2021
Buchholtz, E.K., Redmore, L., Fitzgerald, L.A., Stronza, A., Songhurst, A. and McCulloch, G., 2019. Temporal partitioning and overlapping use of a shared natural resource by people and elephants. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 7, p.117. | Abstract April 2019
Buchholtz, E.K., M. McDaniels, G. McCulloch, A. Songhurst, and A. Stronza (2023). A mixed-methods assessment of human-elephant conflict in the Western Okavango Panhandle, Botswana. People and Nature. | Abstract February 2023
Buchholtz, E., Fitzgerald, L., Songhurst, A., McCulloch, G. and Stronza, A., 2020. Experts and elephants: local ecological knowledge predicts landscape use for a species involved in human-wildlife conflict. Ecology and Society, 25(4). | Abstract | Publisher Website December 2020
Buchholtz, E., Fitzgerald, L., Songhurst, A., McCulloch, G. and Stronza, A., 2019. Overlapping landscape utilization by elephants and people in the Western Okavango Panhandle: implications for conflict and conservation. Landscape Ecology, 34(6), pp.1411-1423. | Abstract June 2019
Buchholtz E. People in a biodiverse region experienced varying types and timing of conflict with multiple wildlife species. Tropical Conservation Science. 2024;17. doi:10.1177/19400829241233479 April 2024
Presentations Presentation Date
Buchholtz, E. K., M. McDaniels, G. McCulloch, A. Songhurst, A. Stronza, and L. Fitzgerald (2023). Connectivity and conflict: What people, records, and GPS can tell us about elephant landscape use in northwestern Botswana. Annual Meeting, The Wildlife Society. Louisville, KY, 5 - 10 November 2023. November 2023
Buchholtz, E.K., A. Stronza, A. Songhurst, G. McCulloch, & L. Fitzgerald (2019). Does landscape connectivity influence human-elephant conflict? Oral presentation. International Congress for Conservation Biology, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. July 2019