Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Units Program: Montana Fishery
Education, Research and Technical Assistance for Managing Our Natural Resources

Montana Fishery Staff Member


Alexander Zale

Al Zale

Unit Leader
Phone: (406) 994 - 2380
Email: zale@montana.edu

Education

  • Ph D University of Florida 1984
  • MS Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University 1980
  • BS University of Massachusetts 1978

Biography

Born in Boston, Massachusetts. Formerly AUL/F at the Oklahoma Unit.

Teaching Interest

Graduate education; Human Dimensions of Fish and Wildlife Management (WILD 525)

Research Interest

Aquatic wild life conservation, restoration, and management: native fishes, prairie fishes, thermal ecology, sport and commercial fishery management, population dynamics and effects of exotic fishes, effects of environmental degradation and habitat on recreational salmonid fisheries, Central American fisheries.

Research Publications Publication Date
Zale, A.V., T.M. Sutton, and D.L. Parrish. 2012. Conducting fisheries investigations. Pages 1-13 in A. V. Zale, D. L. Parrish, and T. M. Sutton, editors. Fisheries techniques, 3rd edition. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland. January 2013
Zale, A. V., R. L. Simmonds, Jr., and R. T. Eades. 2000. Getting a job or assistantship: How to surpass the competition. Fisheries 25(6):24-31. January 2000
Zale, A. V., D. L. Parrish, and T. M. Sutton, editors. 2012. Fisheries techniques, 3rd edition. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland. January 2013
Zale, A. V., D. A. Hewitt, and B. R. Murphy. 2012. Style, usage, grammar, and punctuation. Pages 33-46 in C. A. Jennings, T. E. Lauer, and B. Vondracek, editors. Scientific communication for natural resource professionals. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland. August 2012
Zale, A. V., C. Brooke, and W. C. Fraser. 2005. Effects of surgically implanted transmitter weights on growth and swimming stamina of small adult westslope cutthroat trout. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 134:653-660. May 2005
Zale, A. V. 2006. Pursuing graduate studies in fisheries. Pages 39-55 in D. A. Hewitt, W. E. Pine, III, and A. V. Zale, editors. 2006. The AFS guide to fisheries employment, 2nd edition. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland. September 2006
Zale, A. V. 2010. Fisheries science and management in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem: ensuring good fishing by preserving healthy ecosystems. Pages 95-111 in J. Johnson, editor. Knowing Yellowstone—science in America’s first national park. Taylor Trade Publishing, Lanham, Maryland. June 2010
Wuellner, M. R., R. G. Bramblett, C. S. Guy, A. V. Zale, D. R. Roberts, and J. Johnson. 2013. Reach and catchment-scale characteristics are relatively uninfluential in explaining the occurrence of stream fish species. Journal of Fish Biology 82:1497-1513. May 2013
Uthe, P., R. Al-Chokhachy, B. B. Shepard, A. V. Zale, and J. Kershner. 2019. Effects of climate-related stream factors on patterns of individual summer growth of Cutthroat Trout. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 148:21-34. January 2019
Uthe, P., R. Al-Chokhachy, A. V. Zale, B. B. Shepard, T. E. McMahon, and T. Stephens. 2016. Life history characteristics and vital rates of Yellowstone Cutthroat Trout in two headwater basins. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 36:1240-1253. September 2016
Tornabene, B. J., R. G. Bramblett, A. V. Zale, and S. A. Leathe. Spatiotemporal Ecology of Apalone spinifera in a Large, Great Plains River Ecosystem. Herpetological Conservation and Biology 12:252-271. April 2017
Tornabene, B. J., R. G. Bramblett, A. V. Zale, and S. A. Leathe. 2018. Factors Affecting Nesting Ecology of Apalone spinifera in a Northwestern Great Plains River of the United States. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 17:63-77. doi:10.2744/CCB-1298.1 June 2018
Tornabene, B. J., M. E. Jaeger, R. G. Bramblett, M. Nelson, N. McClenning, T. Watson, A. Ankrum, K. Frazer, A. M. Reinhold, and A. V. Zale. 2019. Riverine turtles select habitats maintained by natural discharge regimes in an unimpounded large river. River Research and Applications https://doi.org/10.1002/rra.3496 July 2019
Thomas, N. A., C. S. Guy, T. M. Koel, and A. V. Zale. 2019. In-situ evaluation of benthic suffocation methods for suppression of invasive Lake Trout embryos in Yellowstone Lake. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 39:104-111. January 2019
Steed, A. C., A. V. Zale, T. M. Koel, and S. T. Kalinowski. 2011. Population viability of Arctic grayling in the Gibbon River, Yellowstone National Park. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 30:1582-1590. January 2011
Simmonds, R. L., Jr., A. V. Zale, and D. M. Leslie, Jr. 2000. Modeled effects of double-crested cormorant predation on simulated reservoir sport and forage fish populations in Oklahoma. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 20:180-191. January 2000
Shepard, B. B., M. L. Taper, and A. V. Zale. 2013. Improved variance estimates of biomass for stream-dwelling fish calculated using removal estimators. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 142:841-853. April 2013
Shepard, B. B., L. M. Nelson, M. L. Taper, and A. V. Zale. 2014. Factors influencing successful eradication of nonnative brook trout from four small Rocky Mountain streams using electrofishing. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 34:988-997. | Abstract September 2014
Selong, J. H., T. E. McMahon, A. V. Zale, and F. T. Barrows. 2001. Effect of temperature on growth and survival of bull trout, with application of an improved method for determining thermal tolerance in fishes. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 130:1026-1037. November 2001
Ryce, E. K. N., A. V. Zale, and R. B. Nehring. 2001. Lack of selection for resistance to whirling disease among progeny of Colorado River rainbow trout. Journal of Aquatic Animal Health 13:63-68. March 2001
Ryce, E. K. N., A. V. Zale, and E. MacConnell. 2004. Effects of fish age and parasite dose on the development of whirling disease in rainbow trout. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 59:225-233. June 2004
Ryce, E. K. N., A. V. Zale, E. MacConnell, and M. Nelson. 2005. Effects of fish age versus size on the development of whirling disease in rainbow trout. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 63:69-76. January 2005
Ritter, T. D., A. V. Zale, G. Grisak, and M. J. Lance. 2020. Groundwater upwelling regulates thermal hydrodynamics and salmonid movements during high temperature events at a montane tributary confluence. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society doi.org/10.1002/tafs.10259 | Abstract August 2020
Reinhold, A. M., R. G. Bramblett, A. V. Zale, G. C. Poole, and D. W. Roberts. 2017. Spatially-dependent responses of a large-river fish assemblage to bank stabilization and side channels. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 146:967-982. August 2017
Reinhold, A. M., R. G. Bramblett, A. V. Zale, D. W. Roberts, and G. C. Poole. 2016. Comparative use of side and main channels by small fish in a large, unimpounded river. Freshwater Biology doi:10.1111/fwb.12796. July 2016
Reinhold, A. M., G. C. Poole, R. G. Bramblett, A. V. Zale, and D. W. Roberts. 2018. Cumulative effects of side-channel plugs on whole-floodplain side-channel habitat loss. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 190:305 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-018-6673-8 April 2018
R. W. Van Kirk, and A. V. Zale. 2000. Aquatic resources of the Henry's Fork watershed. Intermountain Journal of Sciences 6:103-332. March 2001
Poole, A. S., T. M. Koel, N. A. Thomas, and A. V. Zale. 2020. Benthic suffocation of invasive Lake Trout embryos by fish carcasses and sedimentation in Yellowstone Lake. North American Journal of Fisheries Management. doi.org/10.1002/nafm.10492 | Abstract July 2020
Mullen, J. A., R. G. Bramblett, C. S. Guy, A. V. Zale, and D. W. Roberts. 2011. Determinants of fish assemblage structure in northwestern Great Plains streams. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 140:271-281. | Abstract April 2011
Mitro, M. G., and A. V. Zale. 2002. Seasonal survival, movement, and habitat use of age-0 rainbow trout in the Henrys Fork of the Snake River, Idaho. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 131:271-286. March 2002
Mitro, M. G., and A. V. Zale. 2002. Estimating abundances of age-0 rainbow trout by mark-recapture in a medium-sized river. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 22:188-203. February 2002
Mitro, M. G., and A. V. Zale. 2000. Use of distance sampling to estimate rainbow trout redd abundances in the Henry's Fork of the Snake River, Idaho. Intermountain Journal of Sciences 6:223-231. March 2001
Mitro, M. G., and A. V. Zale. 2000. Predicting fish abundance using single-pass removal sampling. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 57:951- 961. January 2000
Mitro, M. G., A. V. Zale, and B. A. Rich. 2003. The relation between age-0 rainbow trout abundance and winter discharge in a regulated river. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 60:135-139. February 2003
McMahon, T. E., E. A. Bear, and A. V. Zale. 2008. Use of an annular chamber for testing thermal preference of westslope cutthroat trout and rainbow trout. Journal of Freshwater Ecology. March 2008
McMahon, T. E., A. V. Zale, F. T. Barrows, J. H. Selong, and R. J. Danehy. 2007. Temperature and competition between bull trout and brook trout: a test of the elevation refuge hypothesis. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 136:1313-1326. September 2007
Lukins, H. J., A. V. Zale, and F. T. Barrows. 2007. A packed-bed filtration system for collection of Myxobolus cerebralis triactinomyxons. Journal of Aquatic Animal Health. December 2007
Lewandoski, S. A., C. S. Guy, A. V. Zale, P. C. Gerrity, J. W. Deromdei, K. M. Johnson, D. L. Skates. 2017. Empirical estimation of recreational exploitation of burbot, Lota lota, in the Wind River drainage of Wyoming using a multistate capture-recapture model. Fisheries Management and Ecology 24:298-307. May 2017
Koel, T. M., N. A. Thomas, C. S. Guy, P. D. Doepke, D. J. MacDonald, A. S. Poole, W. M. Sealey, and A. V. Zale. 2020. Organic pellet decomposition induces mortality of lake trout embryos in Yellowstone Lake. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 149:57-70. January 2020
Koel, T. M., J. L. Arnold, P. E. Bigelow, T. O. Brenden, J. D. Davis, C. R. Detjens, P. D. Doepke, B. D. Ertel, H. C. Glassic, R. E. Gresswell, C. S. Guy, D. J. MacDonald, M. E. Ruhl, T. J. Stuth, D. P. Sweet, J. M. Syslo, N. A. Thomas, L. M. Tronstad, P. J. White, and A. V. Zale. 2020. Yellowstone Lake ecosystem restoration: a case study for invasive fish management. Fishes. . https://doi.org/10.1111/jai.14067 June 2020
Koel, T. M., C. R. Detjens, and A. V. Zale. 2020. Two Ocean Pass: An alternative hypothesis for invasion of Yellowstone Lake by lake trout, and implications for future invasions. Water [online serial] 12(6), 1629. doi.org/10.3390/w12061629 June 2020
Kerans, B. L., and A. V. Zale. 2002. The ecology of Myxobolus cerebralis. Pages 145-166 in J. L. Bartholomew and J. C. Wilson, editors. Whirling Disease: Reviews and Current Topics. American Fisheries Society, Symposium 29, Bethesda, Maryland. December 2002
Katzman, L. M., and A. V. Zale. 2000. Age and growth of an unexploited burbot population in Upper Red Rock Lake, Montana. Pages 139-146 in V. L. Paragamian and D. W. Willis, editors. Burbot: biology, ecology, and management. Fisheries Management Section, American Fisheries Society. Arthur H. Clark Company, Spokane, Washington. January 2000
Jaeger, M. E., A. V. Zale, T. E. McMahon, and B. J. Schmitz. 2005. Seasonal movements, habitat use, aggregation, exploitation, and entrainment of sauger in the lower Yellowstone River: an empirical assessment of factors affecting population recovery. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 25:1550-1568. November 2005
J. L. Smith, I. M. Handley, A. V. Zale, S. Rushing, and M. Potvin. 2015. Now hiring! Empirically testing a three-step intervention to increase faculty gender diversity in STEM. BioScience 65:1084-1087. | Abstract | Download | Publisher Website October 2015
Hewitt, D. A., W. E. Pine, III, and A. V. Zale, editors. 2006. The AFS guide to fisheries employment, 2nd edition. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland. September 2006
Gates, K., C. Guy, A. Zale, and T. Horton. 2009. Angler awareness of aquatic nuisance species and potential transport mechanisms. Fisheries Management and Ecology 16:448-456. November 2009
Gates, K. K., C. Guy, A. V. Zale, and T. B. Horton. 2008. Adherence of Myxobolus cerebralis myxospores to waders: implications for disease dissemination. North American Journal of Fisheries Managaement 28:1453-1458. October 2008
Gale, S. B., A. V. Zale, and C. G. Clancy. 2008. Effectiveness of fish screens to prevent entrainment of westslope cutthroat trout into irrigation canals. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 28:1541-1553. October 2008
Duncan, M. B., R. G. Bramblett, and A. V. Zale. 2021. Movements of selected minnows between the lower Yellowstone River and its tributaries. Canadian Journal of Zoology 99:45-56. doi.org/10.1139/cjz-2020-0040 January 2021
Duncan, M. B., R. G. Bramblett, and A. V. Zale. 2016. Distributions of Small Nongame Fishes in the Lower Yellowstone River. American Midland Naturalist 175:1-23. January 2016
Duncan, M. B., B. R. Murphy, and A. V. Zale. 2009. Conservation of Yellowstone cutthroat trout in Yellowstone National Park: a case study. Journal of Natural Resources & Life Sciences Education 38:173-182. July 2009
Drinan, D. P., A. V. Zale, M. A. H. Webb, M. L. Taper, B. B. Shepard, and S. T. Kalinowski. 2012. Evidence of local adaptation in westslope cutthroat trout. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 141:872-880. | Abstract June 2012
De Rito, J. N., A. V. Zale, and B. B. Shepard. 2010. Temporal reproductive separation of fluvial Yellowstone cutthroat trout and hybrids in the Yellowstone River. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 30:866-886. | Abstract August 2010
Davis, W. N., R. G. Bramblett, and A. V. Zale. 2010. Effects of coalbed natural gas development on fish assemblages in tributary streams of the Powder and Tongue rivers. Freshwater Biology doi:10.1111/j.1365-2427.2010.02480.x August 2010
Davis, W. N., R. G. Bramblett, A. V. Zale, and C. L. Endicott. 2009. A review of the potential effects of coalbed natural gas development activities on fish assemblages of the Powder River Geologic Basin. Reviews in Fisheries Science 17:402-422. May 2009
Brown, P. J., and A. V. Zale. 2012. Rotenone persistence model for montane streams. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 141:560-569. | Abstract March 2012
Brown, P. J., J. L. Ard, and A. V. Zale. 2012. Transverse mixing of simulated piscicides in small montane streams. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 141:353-356. | Abstract March 2012
Brown, P. J., H. Johnson, and A. V. Zale. 2011. Effect of rainbow trout size on response to rotenone and antimycin. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 31:1146-1152. | Abstract January 2012
Bramblett, R. G., and A. V. Zale. 2000. The ichthyofauna of small streams on the Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge, Montana. Intermountain Journal of Sciences 6:57-67. September 2001
Bramblett, R. G., T. R. Johnson, A. V. Zale, and D. G. Heggem. 2005. Development and evaluation of a fish assemblage index of biotic integrity for northwestern Great Plains streams. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 134:624-640. May 2005
Bear, E. A., T. E. McMahon, and A. V. Zale. 2007. Comparative thermal requirements of westslope cutthroat trout and rainbow trout: implications to species interactions and development of thermal protection standards. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 136:1113-1121. July 2007
Andrews, T. M., B. B. Shepard, A. R. Litt, C. G. Kruse, A. V. Zale, and S. T. Kalinowski. 2013. Juvenile movement among different populations of cutthroat trout introduced as embryos to vacant habitat. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 33:795-805. October 2013
Andrews, T. C., B. B. Shepard, A. R. Litt, C. G. Kruse, M. L. Nelson, P. Clancey, A. V. Zale, M. L. Taper, and S. T. Kalinowski. 2016. Performance of juvenile Cutthroat Trout translocated as embryos from five populations into a common habitat. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 36:926-941. July 2016
Project Completion Date
Tenderfoot Creek Bair Ranch Foundation Research Project II December 2015
Life-history evaluation of Yellowstone cutthroat trout in Spread Creek, Wyoming, with specific linkages to regional climate change and invasive species June 2014
Assessment of the potential effects of the Exxon oil spill on the Yellowstone River spiny softshell turtle population June 2013
Assessment of the potential effects of the Exxon oil spill on the Yellowstone River fish assemblage June 2013
Blackfeet Nation Lands fishery study October 2014
Turneffe Atoll Trust student support July 2015
Predicting effects of climate change on native fishes in northern Great Plains streams September 2015
Habitats and Movements of Spiny Softshells in the Missouri River in Montana December 2013
Anthropogenic Habitat Change Effects on Fish Assemblages of the Middle and Lower Yellowstone River: Phase II December 2013
Distribution, Habitats and Tributary Linkages of Small and Non-Game Fishes in the Lower Yellowstone River June 2012
Tenderfoot Creek Bair Ranch Foundation Research Project June 2014
Stream-Network Assessment of Thermal Habitat for Arctic Grayling and Non-Native Salmonids in the Upper Big Hole River Watershed, Montana December 2010
Landscape-scale Effects of Wildfire on Aquatic Systems in the Rocky Mountains of Colorado July 2010
Distribution, abundance, and movement of native cutthroat trout in the Snake River below Jackson Lake. January 2012
Destruction of lake trout embryos in natural settings to enhance persistence of native trout December 2009
Evaluation of the management actions taken in the Lamar River watershed December 2023
Efficacy of the Nature-like Fish Bypass Channel at Huntley Diversion Dam, Yellowstone River, Montana March 2022
Assess the recovery of westslope cutthroat trout and Arctic ... June 2021
Improving conservation status of arctic grayling; assessing and increasing landscape connectivity benefits of denil fishways in the Big Hole River December 2019
Evaluating sediment and nutrient contributions from unpaved forest roads to headwater streams September 2019
Statistical analyses to direct conservation and restoration priorities for the yellowstone cutthroat trout in the context of climate change August 2017
Identifying the threats of smallmouth bass to yellowstone cutthroat trout in the Yellowstone River May 2019
Effects of water chemistry on lake trout embryos and fry August 2019
Fort Peck water chemistry analyses August 2016
Seasonal movements of rainbow trout, brown trout, and mountain whitefish in the Smith River, Montana January 2019
Anderson, Ian
Master's
andersonian1993@gmail.com

Cook, Kristen
Master's
kristen_cook@fws.gov

Marsh, Jason
Master's
jason.marsh@msu.montana.edu

Puchany, Andriana
Master's
andriana.puchany@gmail.com

Presentations Presentation Date
Zale, A. V. 2020. Changes in perspectives of fisheries professionals to non-native fish introductions. Annual Conference of the American Society for Environmental History, Ottawa, Ontario, 26-28 March 2020 (cancelled because of the COVID-19 crisis). March 2020
Voss, N., R. Al-Chokhachy, A. Zale, A. Sepulveda, M. Ruggles, and J. Rhoten. 2018. Patterns and limits of smallmouth bass distribution in the upper Yellowstone River. Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society, Butte, Montana, 29 January to 2 February 2018. February 2018
Voss, N. S., R. Al- Chokhachy, A. V. Zale, A. Sepulveda, M. Ruggles, and J. Rhoten. 2019. Factors affecting the recruitment of non-native Smallmouth Bass in the Yellowstone River and implications for upstream range expansion. Joint Conference of the American Fisheries Society and The Wildlife Society, Reno, Nevada, 1 October 2019. October 2019
Voss, N. S., A. Sepulveda, R. Al- Chokhachy, A. V. Zale, M. Ruggles, and J. Rhoten. 2019. Patterns in the distribution, size, and ecology of non-native smallmouth bass in the Yellowstone River. Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society, Billings, Montana, 30 January to 1 February 2019. January 2019
Uthe, P., R. Al-Chokhachy, and A. Zale. 2013. Effects of abiotic and biotic factors on life history characteristics and vital rates of Yellowstone cutthroat trout in a headwater basin. 46th Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society. Fairmont, Montana, 5-8 February, 2013. February 2013
Triano, B., K. Kappenman, T. E. McMahon, and A. V. Zale. 2019. Evaluating the efficiency of Denil fish ladders for upstream passage of Arctic grayling and other species on the Big Hole River. Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society, Billings, Montana, 30 January to 1 February 2019. February 2019
Triano, B., K. Kappenman, T. E. McMahon, M. Blank, A. V. Zale, and A. Parker. 2019. Efficiency of Denil fish ladders for upstream passage of Arctic Grayling, Brook Trout, and other fishes evaluated using PIT technology in the Big Hole River Basin, Montana. Joint Conference of the American Fisheries Society and The Wildlife Society, Reno, Nevada, 1 October 2019. October 2019
Triano, B., K. Kappenman, M. Blank, T. McMahon, A. Parker, K. Heim, K. Plymesser, and A. Zale. 2020. Efficiency of Denil fish ladders for upstream passage of Arctic Grayling, Brook Trout, and other fishes evaluated using PIT technology in the Big Hole River Basin, Montana. International Conference on River Connectivity (Fish Passage 2020), Lisbon, Portugal, 28 June to 3 July 2020 (cancelled because of the COVID-19 crisis). June 2020
Tornabene, B. T., R. G. Bramblett, S. A. Leathe, and A. V. Zale. 2013. Nesting ecology of spiny softshell turtles (Apalone spinifera hartwegi) on the Missouri River in Montana: zoogeographic and management implications. 46th Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society. Fairmont, Montana, 5-8 February, 2013. February 2013
Tornabene, B. J., R. G. Bramblett, S. A. Leathe, and A. V. Zale. 2014. Nesting ecology of the turtle Apalone spinifera in a large river-floodplain ecosystem. Annual Meeting of the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists. Chattanooga, Tennessee, 30 July to 3 August 2014. July 2014
Thomas, N., C. Guy, T. Koel, and A. Zale. 2017. Evaluation of suppression methods targeting non-native lake trout embryos in Yellowstone Lake. Annual Meeting of the Western Division of the American Fisheries Society, Missoula, Montana, 22-25 May 2017. May 2017
Thomas, N., C. Guy, T. Koel, A. Zale, A. Poole. 2018. Evaluation of suppression methods targeting non-native lake trout embryos in Yellowstone Lake. Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society. January 2018
Thomas, N. A., T. M. Koel, C. S. Guy, P. D. Doepke, D. J. MacDonald, A. S. Poole, W. M. Sealey, and A. V. Zale. 2020. Integrated pest management: from experimental evaluation to implementation of Lake Trout embryo suppression in Yellowstone Lake. Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society, Kalispell, Montana, 25-28 February 2020. February 2020
Stringer, A. S., R. G. Bramblett, and A. V. Zale. 2017. Range contractions of three native cyprinids are associated with invasive Northern Pike expansion. Annual Meeting of the American Fisheries Society, Tampa, Florida, 20-24 August 2017. August 2017
Stringer, A. S., R. G. Bramblett, and A. V. Zale. 2017. Invasive Northern Pike are associated with range contractions of three native cyprinids. Annual Meeting of the Western Division of the American Fisheries Society, Missoula, Montana, 22-25 May 2017. May 2017
Stringer, A. L., R. G. Bramblett, and A. V. Zale. 2019. Non-native predators are associated with range contractions of native cyprinids in Montana. Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society, Billings, Montana, 30 January to 1 February 2019. February 2019
Stringer, A. L., R. G. Bramblett, and A. V. Zale. 2015. Our dace are numbered. 7th Annual Research Symposium of the Montana Chapter of the Society for Conservation Biology, Missoula, Montana, 18-20 November 2015. November 2015
Stringer, A. L., A. V. Zale, and R. G. Bramblett. 2019. Effects of invasive Northern Pike on Montana prairie fish assemblages. Joint Conference of the American Fisheries Society and The Wildlife Society, Reno, Nevada, 3 October 2019. October 2019
Smith, J., and A. V. Zale. 2016. Strategies for creating a more diverse and inclusive Forest Service workplace. USDA Forest Service Research Station Leadership Team Meeting. Oxford, Mississippi, 25 October 2016. October 2016
Smith, J. L., S. Rushing, A. Zale, I. M. Handley, J. Honea, E. Shanahan, and M. Potvin. 2014. Infusing Psychological Need Support into Faculty Search Processes: Intervening to Broaden the Participation of Women Faculty. Annual Meeting of the Association of Psychological Science, San Francisco, 22-25 May 2014. May 2014
Shepard, B. B., T. A. Delomas, M. R. Campbell, C. G. Kruse, R. T. Al-Chokhachy, M. L. Taper, and A. V. Zale. 2021. Contributions, inbreeding, and outbreeding of wild- and hatchery-origin stocks of Westslope Cutthroat Trout released as eyed embryos into vacant habitat. Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society, online, 1-5 March 2021. March 2021
Shepard, B. B., R. Al-Chokhachy, S. Opitz, C. Sestrich, and A. V. Zale. 2013. Potential influences of climate change on population dynamics of nonnative brook trout and native Yellowstone cutthroat trout in headwater stream networks. Annual Meeting of the Western Division of the American Fisheries Society. Boise, Idaho, 15-18 April, 2013. April 2013
Shepard, B. B., R. Al-Chokhachy, S. Opitz, C. Sestrich, and A. V. Zale. 2013. Distributions, recruitment, growth, and movements of nonnative brook trout and native Yellowstone cutthroat trout in the upper Shields River basin. 46th Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society. Fairmont, Montana, 5-8 February, 2013. February 2013
Shepard, B. B., C. Kruse, P. Clancey, L. Nelson, A. V. Zale, S. Barndt, and B. Roberts. 2017. Collaborative restoration of Westslope Cutthroat Trout into 100 km of Cherry Creek, a Madison River, Montana, tributary. Annual Meeting of the American Fisheries Society, Tampa, Florida, 20-24 August 2017. August 2017
Shepard, B. B., C. G. Kruse, P. Clancey, L. Nelson, S. T. Kalinowski, D. P. Drinan, T. M. Andrews, and A. V. Zale. 2015. Restoration of native westslope cutthroat trout to an isolated stream system in Montana. 145th Annual Meeting of the American Fisheries Society. Portland, Oregon, 16-20 August, 2015. August 2015
Ritter, T. D., A. Zale, and G. Grisak. 2017. Salmonid movements and thermal hydrodynamics at a montane river system confluence: thermal refugia in the Smith River basin. Wild Trout XII, West Yellowstone, Montana, 26-29 September 2017. September 2017
Ritter, T. D., A. Zale, and G. Grisak. 2016. Salmonid movements and thermal hydrodynamics at a montane river system confluence: thermal refugia in the Smith River basin. Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society. Helena, Montana, 16-19 February 2016. February 2016
Reinhold, A. M., R. G. Bramblett, A. V. Zale, G. C. Poole, and D. W. Roberts. 2014. Fish assemblage and habitat differences between side and main channels in the lower Yellowstone River. Joint Aquatic Sciences Meeting, Portland, Oregon, 18-23 May 2014. May 2014
Reinhold, A. M. G. C. Poole, R. G. Bramblett, A. V. Zale, and D. W. Roberts. 2017. Small flow obstructions implicated in accelerating whole-floodplain side-channel loss. Annual Meeting of the Society for Freshwater Science, Raleigh, North Carolina, 4-9 June 2017. June 2017
Puchany, A., A. Zale, T. Koel, B. Shepard, and M. Campbell. 2020. Assessing Westslope Cutthroat Trout and Arctic Grayling restoration efforts in Yellowstone National Park. Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society, Kalispell, Montana, 25-28 February 2020. February 2020
Puchany, A., A. V. Zale, T. Koel, M. Campbell, and B. B. Shepard. 2021. Status of Westslope Cutthroat Trout and Arctic Grayling following conservation translocations in Yellowstone National Park. Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society, online, 1-5 March 2021. March 2021
Poole, A., A. Zale, M. Webb, and T. Koel. 2018. Laboratory Evaluations of Lake Trout Embryo Suppression Methods for use in Yellowstone Lake. Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society, Butte, Montana, 29 January to 2 February 2018. February 2018
Poole, A. S., A. V. Zale, M. A. Webb, and T. M. Koel. 2017. Laboratory evaluations of embryo suppression techniques. Conservation Actions to Restore Yellowstone Lake—An Interim Scientific Assessment. Bozeman, Montana, 18-19 April 2017. April 2017
Poole, A. S., A. V. Zale, M. A. Webb, and T. M. Koel. 2016. Ova suppression lab studies. Yellowstone Lake Working Group Meeting. Bozeman, Montana, 7 December 2016. December 2016
M. Heinemann, A. R. Litt, M. Lance, K. Vivian, J. Mullen, and A. V. Zale. 2018. Estimating detection probability of PIT tags consumed by white pelicans to improve inferences in fish movement and avian predation studies. Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society, Butte, Montana, 29 January to 2 February 2018. January 2018
Lance, M., J. Mullen, D. Ritter, G. Madel, G. Grisak, A. Zale, and D. Owensby. 2016. Construction and operation of half-duplex PIT tag networks: lessons learned in the Missouri and Smith River watersheds. Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society. Helena, Montana, 16-19 February 2016. February 2016
Lance, M., A. Zale, J. Mullen, R. Al-Chokhachy, G. Grisak and T. McMahon. 2017. Fish movement patterns in the Smith River watershed in central Montana. Wild Trout XII, West Yellowstone, Montana, 26-29 September 2017. September 2017
Lance, M., A. Zale, J. Mullen, R. Al-Chokhachy, G. Grisak and T. McMahon. 2017. Fish movement patterns in the Smith River watershed in central Montana. Annual Meeting of the Western Division of the American Fisheries Society, Missoula, Montana, 22-25 May 2017. May 2017
Lance, M. J., T. D. Ritter, A. V. Zale, G. G. Grisak, J. A. Mullen, S. Walsh, R. Al-Chokhachy, K. C. Heim, T. E. McMahon, and G. A. Liknes. 2019. Use of a network of autonomous PIT arrays to study movement behaviors of sympatric salmonids across an un-fragmented watershed. Joint Conference of the American Fisheries Society and The Wildlife Society, Reno, Nevada, 3 October 2019. October 2019
Lance, M. J., A. V. Zale, G. G. Grisak, J. A. Mullen, T. D. Ritter, R. Al-Chokhachy, T. E. McMahon, and G. A. Liknes. 2019. Variable demographic rates of sympatric fish species suggest sources, sinks, and ecological traps in a connected watershed. Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society, Billings, Montana, 30 January to 1 February 2019. January 2019
K. Plymesser, M. Blank, J. Cahoon, K. Kappenman, T. McMahon, B. Triano, B., and A. Zale. 2020. A comparison of lab and field based passage data for Arctic grayling in Denil fishways. International Conference on River Connectivity (Fish Passage 2020), Lisbon, Portugal, 28 June to 3 July 2020 (cancelled because of the COVID-19 crisis). June 2020
Heinemann, M., A. R. Litt, M. Lance, K. Vivian, J. Mullen, and A. V. Zale. 2018. Characterizing rearing habitat of American white pelicans using PIT tags from consumed fish. Poster presented at the Annual meeting of the Montana Chapter of The Wildlife Society, Butte, Montana, 22 February 2018. February 2018
Gilham, A., B. Shepard, and A. Zale. 2014. Effects of variable-intensity cattle grazing on salmonid populations in headwater streams on the Blackfeet Indian Reservation, Montana. Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society. Chico, Montana, 5-7 March 2014. March 2014
Detjens, C., A. V. Zale, T. M. Koel, A. Litt, and M. Schwartz. 2018. Use of eDNA to monitor the abundance of spawning Yellowstone Cutthroat Trout in tributaries to Yellowstone Lake. Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society, Butte, Montana, 29 January to 2 February 2018. January 2018
Detjens, C. R., A. V. Zale, T. M. Koel, A. R. Litt, and M. K. Schwartz. 2020. Use of eDNA to estimate abundances of spawning Yellowstone Cutthroat Trout in tributaries to Yellowstone Lake. Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society, Kalispell, Montana, 25-28 February 2020. February 2020
Crapster, K., R. Al-Chokhachy, A. Sepulveda, W. L. Knotek, M. Young, and A. V. Zale. 2018. Do habitat attributes influence the relationship between native trout abundance and eDNA concentrations in northwest Montana? Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society, Butte, Montana, 29 January to 2 February 2018. February 2018
Cook, K., A. Zale, D. Stagliano, M. Anderson, C. Guy, L. Albertson, and C. Barnhart. 2020. Reproductive timing of Western Pearlshell mussels in Montana. Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society, Kalispell, Montana, 25-28 February 2020. February 2020
Cook, K., A. Zale, D. Stagliano, M. Anderson, C. Guy, L. Albertson, and C. Barnhart. 2020. Reproductive timing of Western Pearlshell mussels in Montana. 2020 Symposium of the Pacific Northwest Native Freshwater Mussel Workgroup, Vancouver, Washington, 26 March 2020. March 2020
Cook, K., A. Zale, D. Stagliano, M. Anderson, C. Barnhart, C. Guy, and L. Albertson. 2021. Reproductive phenology and hermaphroditism of Western Pearlshell Mussels in Montana. Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society, online, 1-5 March 2021.<br><br> March 2021
Bramblett, R., K. Chase, R. Gresswell, S. Hostetler, J. Johnson, D. Roberts, and A. Zale. 2013. Simulated effects of climate change on the hydrology and fish assemblages of northern Great Plains streams. Annual Meeting of the Dakota Chapter of the American Fisheries Society. Bismarck, North Dakota, 27-28 February 2013. February 2013
B. B. Shepard, C. Kruse, P. Clancey, L. Nelson, T. Andrews, S. Kalinowski, A. Zale, and D. Drinan. 2015. First generation results of the Cherry Creek westslope cutthroat trout restoration project. Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society, Great Falls, Montana, 25-26 February 2015. February 2015
Anderson, I., A. V. Zale, K. Plymesser, M. Blank, J. Cahoon, and M. Ruggles. 2021. Effectiveness of a nature-like fishway on a large, uncontrolled river in Montana, USA. Annual Meeting of the Western Division of the American Fisheries Society, online, 11-14 March 2021. May 2021
Al-Chokhachy, R., P. Uthe, B. Shepard, and A. V. Zale. 2015. Temperature and streamflow effects on growth and survival of headwater cutthroat trout populations in the Greater Yellowstone Area. 145th Annual Meeting of the American Fisheries Society. Portland, Oregon, 16-20 August, 2015. August 2015
Al-Chokhachy, R., P. Uthe, B. Shepard, A. Zale, and J. Kershner. 2014. Developing a mechanistic understanding of the effects of climate change on native and non-native salmonids in the Greater Yellowstone. 12th Biennial Scientific Conference on the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Mammoth Hot Springs, Wyoming, 6-8 October, 2014. October 2014
Technical Publications Publication Date
Zale, A., J. L. Smith, I. Handley, D. Letendre, and K. Mathers. 2013. A guide for transforming the culture of Montana State University by enhancing its diversity. ADVANCE Project TRACS, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana. October 2013
Zale, A. V., and D. Rider. 2003. Comparative use of modified and natural habitats of the Upper Yellowstone River by juvenile salmonids. Final report to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Omaha, Nebraska. 66 pages. March 2003
Zale, A. V. 2003. Distribution, movements, and life history characteristics of genetically pure westslope cutthroat trout Oncorhynchus clarki lewisi in the Fan Creek drainage, Yellowstone National Park. Final report to National Park Service and Yellowstone Park Foundation. 103 pages. March 2003
Vatland, S., R. E. Gresswell, and A. V. Zale. 2009. Evalaution of habitat restoration for the fluvial Arctic grayling in the Big Hole River, Montana. Final report to the Wild Fish Habitat Initiative, Montana University System Water Center, Bozeman, Montana. 36 pages. April 2009
Steed, A. C., and A. V. Zale. 2007. Population viability of Arctic grayling (Thymallus arcticus) in the Gibbon River, Yellowstone National Park. Final Report to the National Park Service. 78 pages. September 2007
Shepard, B. B., and A.. V. Zale. 2005. Dyce Creek brook trout removal project: 2004 to 2005. Final Report to the U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Dillon, Montana. 20 pages. December 2005
Shepard, B. B., M. L. Taper, and A. V. Zale. 2009. Evaluation of habitat restoration for the conservation of cutthroat trout. Final report to the Wild Fish Habitat Initiative, Montana University System Water Center, Bozeman, Montana. 94 pages. January 2009
Ryce, E. K. N., and A. V. Zale. 2004. Bacterial coldwater disease in westslope cutthroat trout: hatchery epidemiology and control. Final Report to The Wild Fish Habitat Initiative, Montana University System Water Center, Bozeman, Montana. 13 pages. December 2004
Ryce, E. K. N., and A. V. Zale. 2001. Effects of size versus age on the development of whirling disease in rainbow trout. Final report to the Whirling Disease Initiative of the National Partnership on the Management of Wild and Native Cold Water Fisheries, Bozeman, Montana. 11 pages. January 2002
Ryce, E. K. N., E. MacConnell, and A. V. Zale. 2001. Effects of size versus age on the development of whirling disease in rainbow trout. Pages 35-36 in Proceedings of the 7th Annual Whirling Disease Symposium. Whirling Disease Foundation, Bozeman, Montana. February 2001
Ryce, E. K. N., E. MacConnell, A. V. Zale, and M. A. Adkison. 2001. Effect of initial exposure to Myxobolus cerebralis on the development of resistance to reinfection in rainbow trout. Pages 37-38 in Proceedings of the 7th Annual Whirling Disease Symposium. Whirling Disease Foundation, Bozeman, Montana. February 2001
Ryce, E. K. N., A. V. Zale, and R. B. Nehring. 2000. Laboratory assessment of possible selection for resistance to whirling disease among progeny of Colorado River rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Final report by Montana Cooperative Fishery Research Unit to the Whirling Disease Initiative of the National Partnership on the Management of Wild and Native Cold Water Fisheries, Bozeman, Montana. January 2000
Ryce, E. K. N., A. V. Zale, and E. MacConnell. 2001. The effect of initial exposure to Myxobolus cerebralis on the development of resistance to reinfection in rainbow trout. Final report to the Whirling Disease Initiative of the National Partnership on the Management of Wild and Native Cold Water Fisheries, Bozeman, Montana. 10 pages. January 2001
Ryce, E. K. N., A. V. Zale, E. MacConnell, and M. A. Adkison. 2002. Factors affecting the resistance of juvenile rainbow trout to whirling disease. Pages 27-28 in Proceedings of the 8th Annual Whirling Disease Symposium. Whirling Disease Foundation, Bozeman, Montana. August 2002
Reinhold, A. M., R. G. Bramblett, and A. V. Zale. 2014. Anthropogenic habitat change effects on fish assemblages of the middle and lower Yellowstone River. Completion Report to the United States Army Corps of Engineers and the Technical Advisory Committee, Yellowstone River Conservation District Council. Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks University Research Completion Report Series Number 2014-01. December 2014
R. W. Van Kirk, and A. V. Zale. 2000. Preface: Aquatic resources of the Henry's Fork watershed. Intermountain Journal of Sciences 6:103-105. March 2001
MacConnell, E., and A. V. Zale. 2000. Susceptibility of mountain whitefish, Prosopium williamsoni, to Myxobolus cerebralis. Final report by Montana Cooperative Fishery Research Unit to the Whirling Disease Initiative of the National Partnership on the Management of Wild and Native Cold Water Fisheries, Bozeman, Montana. January 2000
MacConnell, E., A. V. Zale, and M. A. Quinn. 2000. Susceptibility of mountain whitefish to Myxobolus cerebralis. Pages 107-108 in Proceedings of the 6th Annual Whirling Disease Symposium. Whirling Disease Foundation, Bozeman, Montana. January 2000
Lukins, H. J., A. V. Zale, and F. T. Barrows. 2004. Triactinomyxon dynamics estimated by packed-bed filtration. Pages 9-10 in Proceedings of the 10th Annual Whirling Disease Symposium. Whirling Disease Foundation, Bozeman, Montana. March 2004
Lukins, H. J., A. V. Zale, and F. T. Barrows. 2003. Temporal, spatial, and discharge mediated dynamics of of triactinomyxon abundances and infection risk estimated directly by packed-bed filtration. Final report to the Whirling Disease Initiative of the National Partnership on the Management of Wild and Native Cold Water Fisheries, Bozeman, Montana. 26 pages. December 2003
Lukins, H. J., A. V. Zale, and F. T. Barrows. 2003. Temporal fluctuations in triactinomyxon densities. Pages 41-42 in Proceedings of the 9th Annual Whirling Disease Symposium-Managing the Risk. Whirling Disease Foundation, Bozeman, Montana. March 2003
Leathe, S., G. Liknes, T. McMahon, A. Munro, and A. V. Zale. 2001. Epidemiology of whirling disease in the Missouri River Ecosystem. Final report to the Whirling Disease Initiative of the National Partnership on the Management of Wild and Native Cold Water Fisheries, Bozeman, Montana. 16 pages. January 2002
Leathe, S., G. Liknes, T. McMahon, A. Munro, E. R. Vincent, and A. Zale. 2002. Epidemiology of whirling disease in the Missouri River, Montana: disease spread and trout population response five years after discovery. Pages 19-20 in Proceedings of the 8th Annual Whirling Disease Symposium. Whirling Disease Foundation, Bozeman, Montana. August 2002
Kerans, B. L., and A. V. Zale. 2001. The ecology of Myxobolus cerebralis. Page 53 in Proceedings of the 7th Annual Whirling Disease Symposium. Whirling Disease Foundation, Bozeman, Montana. February 2001
Harnish, R. A., and A. V. Zale. 2007. Fish screen efficiency and effects of screened and unscreened irrigation canals on the downstream movement of westslope cutthroat trout juveniles in Skalkaho Creek, Montana.Final Report to The Wild Fish Habitat Initiative, Montana University System Water Center, Bozeman, Montana. 96 pages. October 2007
Gale, S. B., and A. V. Zale. 2005. Evaluation of entrainment losses of westslope cutthroat trout at private irrigation diversions and the efficiency of fish screens on Skalkaho Creek, Montana. Final Report to The Wild Fish Habitat Initiative, Montana University System Water Center, Bozeman, Montana. 75 pages. January 2005
Duncan, M. B., R. G. Bramblett, and A. V. Zale. 2012. Distribution, habitats, and tributary linkages of small and nongame fishes in the lower Yellowstone River. Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks University Research Completion Report Series Number 2012-01. September 2012
Doepke, P. D., T. M. Koel, C. S. Guy, A. S. Poole, N. A. Thomas, and A. V. Zale. 2017. Lake Trout suppression alternatives to gillnetting. Yellowstone Science 25(1):70-73. January 2017
Davis, W. N., R. G. Bramblett, and A. V. Zale. 2006. Literature review and development of a study plan to assess the effects of coalbed natural gas activities on fish assemblages. Final Report to the U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Miles City, Montana. 79 pages. February 2006
Davis, W. N., A. V. Zale, and R. G. Bramblett. 2008. Effects of colabed natural gas development on fish assemblages in tributary streams in the Powder River Basin, Montana and Wyoming. Final Report to The Wild Fish Habitat Initiative, Montana University System Water Center, Bozeman, Montana. 125 pages. April 2008
Craig, A. J., and A. V. Zale. 2001. Effects of bank stabilization structures on fish and their habitat: a literature review. Report to Omaha District, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and Governor's Upper Yellowstone River Task Force. 27 pages. February 2001
Brown, P., and A. V. Zale. 2009. Evaluation of the efficiency and efficacy of piscicides for non-native fish eradication. Final report to the Wild Fish Habitat Initiative, Montana University System Water Center, Bozeman, Montana. 38 pages. January 2009
Bramblett, R. G., and A. V. Zale. 2000. Fishery survey of the streams of the Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge, Montana. Final report by Montana Cooperative Fishery Research Unit to U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, Colorado. January 2000
Bramblett, R. G., T. R. Johnson, A. V. Zale, and D. Heggem. 2003. Development of biotic integrity indices for prairie streams in Montana using fish, macroinvertebrate, and diatom assemblages. Final report to U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 96 pages. August 2003
Bear, B. A., T. A. McMahon, and A. V. Zale. 2004. Thermal requirements of westslope cutthroat trout. Final Report to The Wild Fish Habitat Initiative, Montana University System Water Center, Bozeman, Montana. 31 pages. December 2004
Barrows, F. T., A. V. Zale, and T. E. McMahon. 2000. Triactinomyxon collection using packed-bed filtration: Update on progress. Pages 81-82 in Proceedings of the 6th Annual Whirling Disease Symposium. Whirling Disease Foundation, Bozeman, Montana. January 2000
Barrows, F. T., A. V. Zale, H. Lukins, and T. E. McMahon. 2002. Validation of packed-bed filtration for triactinomyxon quantification: laboratory and field trials. Pages 65-66 in Proceedings of the 8th Annual Whirling Disease Symposium. Whirling Disease Foundation, Bozeman, Montana. August 2002
Barrows, F. T., A. V. Zale, H. Lukins, and T. E. McMahon. 2001. Field collecting the triactinomyxon stage of Myxobolus cerebralis using combined filtration methods. Final report to the Whirling Disease Initiative of the National Partnership on the Management of Wild and Native Cold Water Fisheries, Bozeman, Montana. 5 pages. January 2002
Bahn, L., and A. V. Zale. 2007. An assessment of losses of native fish to irrigation diversions on selected tributaries of the Bitterroot River, Montana. Final report to Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks. 118 pages. November 2007
Adelman, I. R., P. Moy, M. Walsh, C. Caldwell, B. Durham, J. Isely, D. Jackson, and A. Zale. 2008. AFS topic oriented meetings: a new opportunity for information exchange. Fisheries 33:291. June 2008