Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Units Program: Montana Fishery
Education, Research and Technical Assistance for Managing Our Natural Resources

Montana Fishery Staff Member


Alexander Zale

Al Zale

Unit Leader
Phone: (406) 994 - 2380
Email: zale@montana.edu

Education

  • Ph D University of Florida 1984
  • MS Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University 1980
  • BS University of Massachusetts 1978

Biography

Born in Boston, Massachusetts. Formerly AUL/F at the Oklahoma Unit.

Teaching Interest

Graduate education; Human Dimensions of Fish and Wildlife Management (WILD 525)

Research Interest

Aquatic wild life conservation, restoration, and management: native fishes, prairie fishes, thermal ecology, sport and commercial fishery management, population dynamics and effects of exotic fishes, effects of environmental degradation and habitat on recreational salmonid fisheries, Central American fisheries.

Research Publications Publication Date
Zale, A.V., T.M. Sutton, and D.L. Parrish. 2012. Conducting fisheries investigations. Pages 1-13 in A. V. Zale, D. L. Parrish, and T. M. Sutton, editors. Fisheries techniques, 3rd edition. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland. 2013-01-31
Zale, A. V., R. L. Simmonds, Jr., and R. T. Eades. 2000. Getting a job or assistantship: How to surpass the competition. Fisheries 25(6):24-31. 2000-01-31
Zale, A. V., D. L. Parrish, and T. M. Sutton, editors. 2012. Fisheries techniques, 3rd edition. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland. 2013-01-31
Zale, A. V., D. A. Hewitt, and B. R. Murphy. 2012. Style, usage, grammar, and punctuation. Pages 33-46 in C. A. Jennings, T. E. Lauer, and B. Vondracek, editors. Scientific communication for natural resource professionals. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland. 2012-08-31
Zale, A. V., C. Brooke, and W. C. Fraser. 2005. Effects of surgically implanted transmitter weights on growth and swimming stamina of small adult westslope cutthroat trout. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 134:653-660. 2005-05-31
Zale, A. V. 2006. Pursuing graduate studies in fisheries. Pages 39-55 in D. A. Hewitt, W. E. Pine, III, and A. V. Zale, editors. 2006. The AFS guide to fisheries employment, 2nd edition. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland. 2006-09-30
Zale, A. V. 2010. Fisheries science and management in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem: ensuring good fishing by preserving healthy ecosystems. Pages 95-111 in J. Johnson, editor. Knowing Yellowstone—science in America’s first national park. Taylor Trade Publishing, Lanham, Maryland. 2010-06-30
Wuellner, M. R., R. G. Bramblett, C. S. Guy, A. V. Zale, D. R. Roberts, and J. Johnson. 2013. Reach and catchment-scale characteristics are relatively uninfluential in explaining the occurrence of stream fish species. Journal of Fish Biology 82:1497-1513. 2013-05-31
Uthe, P., R. Al-Chokhachy, B. B. Shepard, A. V. Zale, and J. Kershner. 2019. Effects of climate-related stream factors on patterns of individual summer growth of Cutthroat Trout. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 148:21-34. 2019-01-31
Uthe, P., R. Al-Chokhachy, A. V. Zale, B. B. Shepard, T. E. McMahon, and T. Stephens. 2016. Life history characteristics and vital rates of Yellowstone Cutthroat Trout in two headwater basins. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 36:1240-1253. 2016-09-30
Tornabene, B. J., R. G. Bramblett, A. V. Zale, and S. A. Leathe. Spatiotemporal Ecology of Apalone spinifera in a Large, Great Plains River Ecosystem. Herpetological Conservation and Biology 12:252-271. 2017-04-30
Tornabene, B. J., R. G. Bramblett, A. V. Zale, and S. A. Leathe. 2018. Factors Affecting Nesting Ecology of Apalone spinifera in a Northwestern Great Plains River of the United States. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 17:63-77. doi:10.2744/CCB-1298.1 2018-06-30
Tornabene, B. J., M. E. Jaeger, R. G. Bramblett, M. Nelson, N. McClenning, T. Watson, A. Ankrum, K. Frazer, A. M. Reinhold, and A. V. Zale. 2019. Riverine turtles select habitats maintained by natural discharge regimes in an unimpounded large river. River Research and Applications https://doi.org/10.1002/rra.3496 2019-07-31
Thomas, N. A., C. S. Guy, T. M. Koel, and A. V. Zale. 2019. In-situ evaluation of benthic suffocation methods for suppression of invasive Lake Trout embryos in Yellowstone Lake. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 39:104-111. 2019-01-31
Steed, A. C., A. V. Zale, T. M. Koel, and S. T. Kalinowski. 2011. Population viability of Arctic grayling in the Gibbon River, Yellowstone National Park. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 30:1582-1590. 2011-01-31
Simmonds, R. L., Jr., A. V. Zale, and D. M. Leslie, Jr. 2000. Modeled effects of double-crested cormorant predation on simulated reservoir sport and forage fish populations in Oklahoma. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 20:180-191. 2000-01-31
Shepard, B. B., M. L. Taper, and A. V. Zale. 2013. Improved variance estimates of biomass for stream-dwelling fish calculated using removal estimators. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 142:841-853. 2013-04-30
Shepard, B. B., L. M. Nelson, M. L. Taper, and A. V. Zale. 2014. Factors influencing successful eradication of nonnative brook trout from four small Rocky Mountain streams using electrofishing. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 34:988-997. | Abstract 2014-09-30
Selong, J. H., T. E. McMahon, A. V. Zale, and F. T. Barrows. 2001. Effect of temperature on growth and survival of bull trout, with application of an improved method for determining thermal tolerance in fishes. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 130:1026-1037. 2001-11-30
Ryce, E. K. N., A. V. Zale, and R. B. Nehring. 2001. Lack of selection for resistance to whirling disease among progeny of Colorado River rainbow trout. Journal of Aquatic Animal Health 13:63-68. 2001-03-31
Ryce, E. K. N., A. V. Zale, and E. MacConnell. 2004. Effects of fish age and parasite dose on the development of whirling disease in rainbow trout. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 59:225-233. 2004-06-30
Ryce, E. K. N., A. V. Zale, E. MacConnell, and M. Nelson. 2005. Effects of fish age versus size on the development of whirling disease in rainbow trout. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 63:69-76. 2005-01-31
Ritter, T. D., A. V. Zale, G. Grisak, and M. J. Lance. 2020. Groundwater upwelling regulates thermal hydrodynamics and salmonid movements during high temperature events at a montane tributary confluence. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society doi.org/10.1002/tafs.10259 | Abstract 2020-08-31
Reinhold, A. M., R. G. Bramblett, A. V. Zale, G. C. Poole, and D. W. Roberts. 2017. Spatially-dependent responses of a large-river fish assemblage to bank stabilization and side channels. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 146:967-982. 2017-08-31
Reinhold, A. M., R. G. Bramblett, A. V. Zale, D. W. Roberts, and G. C. Poole. 2016. Comparative use of side and main channels by small fish in a large, unimpounded river. Freshwater Biology doi:10.1111/fwb.12796. 2016-07-31
Reinhold, A. M., G. C. Poole, R. G. Bramblett, A. V. Zale, and D. W. Roberts. 2018. Cumulative effects of side-channel plugs on whole-floodplain side-channel habitat loss. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 190:305 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-018-6673-8 2018-04-30
R. W. Van Kirk, and A. V. Zale. 2000. Aquatic resources of the Henry's Fork watershed. Intermountain Journal of Sciences 6:103-332. 2001-03-31
Poole, A. S., T. M. Koel, N. A. Thomas, and A. V. Zale. 2020. Benthic suffocation of invasive Lake Trout embryos by fish carcasses and sedimentation in Yellowstone Lake. North American Journal of Fisheries Management. doi.org/10.1002/nafm.10492 | Abstract 2020-07-31
Mullen, J. A., R. G. Bramblett, C. S. Guy, A. V. Zale, and D. W. Roberts. 2011. Determinants of fish assemblage structure in northwestern Great Plains streams. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 140:271-281. | Abstract 2011-04-30
Mitro, M. G., and A. V. Zale. 2002. Seasonal survival, movement, and habitat use of age-0 rainbow trout in the Henrys Fork of the Snake River, Idaho. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 131:271-286. 2002-03-31
Mitro, M. G., and A. V. Zale. 2002. Estimating abundances of age-0 rainbow trout by mark-recapture in a medium-sized river. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 22:188-203. 2002-02-28
Mitro, M. G., and A. V. Zale. 2000. Use of distance sampling to estimate rainbow trout redd abundances in the Henry's Fork of the Snake River, Idaho. Intermountain Journal of Sciences 6:223-231. 2001-03-31
Mitro, M. G., and A. V. Zale. 2000. Predicting fish abundance using single-pass removal sampling. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 57:951- 961. 2000-01-31
Mitro, M. G., A. V. Zale, and B. A. Rich. 2003. The relation between age-0 rainbow trout abundance and winter discharge in a regulated river. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 60:135-139. 2003-02-28
McMahon, T. E., E. A. Bear, and A. V. Zale. 2008. Use of an annular chamber for testing thermal preference of westslope cutthroat trout and rainbow trout. Journal of Freshwater Ecology. 2008-03-31
McMahon, T. E., A. V. Zale, F. T. Barrows, J. H. Selong, and R. J. Danehy. 2007. Temperature and competition between bull trout and brook trout: a test of the elevation refuge hypothesis. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 136:1313-1326. 2007-09-30
Lukins, H. J., A. V. Zale, and F. T. Barrows. 2007. A packed-bed filtration system for collection of Myxobolus cerebralis triactinomyxons. Journal of Aquatic Animal Health. 2007-12-31
Lewandoski, S. A., C. S. Guy, A. V. Zale, P. C. Gerrity, J. W. Deromdei, K. M. Johnson, D. L. Skates. 2017. Empirical estimation of recreational exploitation of burbot, Lota lota, in the Wind River drainage of Wyoming using a multistate capture-recapture model. Fisheries Management and Ecology 24:298-307. 2017-05-31
Koel, T. M., N. A. Thomas, C. S. Guy, P. D. Doepke, D. J. MacDonald, A. S. Poole, W. M. Sealey, and A. V. Zale. 2020. Organic pellet decomposition induces mortality of lake trout embryos in Yellowstone Lake. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 149:57-70. 2020-01-31
Koel, T. M., J. L. Arnold, P. E. Bigelow, T. O. Brenden, J. D. Davis, C. R. Detjens, P. D. Doepke, B. D. Ertel, H. C. Glassic, R. E. Gresswell, C. S. Guy, D. J. MacDonald, M. E. Ruhl, T. J. Stuth, D. P. Sweet, J. M. Syslo, N. A. Thomas, L. M. Tronstad, P. J. White, and A. V. Zale. 2020. Yellowstone Lake ecosystem restoration: a case study for invasive fish management. Fishes. . https://doi.org/10.1111/jai.14067 2020-06-30
Koel, T. M., C. R. Detjens, and A. V. Zale. 2020. Two Ocean Pass: An alternative hypothesis for invasion of Yellowstone Lake by lake trout, and implications for future invasions. Water [online serial] 12(6), 1629. doi.org/10.3390/w12061629 2020-06-30
Kerans, B. L., and A. V. Zale. 2002. The ecology of Myxobolus cerebralis. Pages 145-166 in J. L. Bartholomew and J. C. Wilson, editors. Whirling Disease: Reviews and Current Topics. American Fisheries Society, Symposium 29, Bethesda, Maryland. 2002-12-31
Katzman, L. M., and A. V. Zale. 2000. Age and growth of an unexploited burbot population in Upper Red Rock Lake, Montana. Pages 139-146 in V. L. Paragamian and D. W. Willis, editors. Burbot: biology, ecology, and management. Fisheries Management Section, American Fisheries Society. Arthur H. Clark Company, Spokane, Washington. 2000-01-31
Jaeger, M. E., A. V. Zale, T. E. McMahon, and B. J. Schmitz. 2005. Seasonal movements, habitat use, aggregation, exploitation, and entrainment of sauger in the lower Yellowstone River: an empirical assessment of factors affecting population recovery. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 25:1550-1568. 2005-11-30
J. L. Smith, I. M. Handley, A. V. Zale, S. Rushing, and M. Potvin. 2015. Now hiring! Empirically testing a three-step intervention to increase faculty gender diversity in STEM. BioScience 65:1084-1087. | Abstract | Download | Publisher Website 2015-10-31
Hewitt, D. A., W. E. Pine, III, and A. V. Zale, editors. 2006. The AFS guide to fisheries employment, 2nd edition. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland. 2006-09-30
Gates, K., C. Guy, A. Zale, and T. Horton. 2009. Angler awareness of aquatic nuisance species and potential transport mechanisms. Fisheries Management and Ecology 16:448-456. 2009-11-30
Gates, K. K., C. Guy, A. V. Zale, and T. B. Horton. 2008. Adherence of Myxobolus cerebralis myxospores to waders: implications for disease dissemination. North American Journal of Fisheries Managaement 28:1453-1458. 2008-10-31
Gale, S. B., A. V. Zale, and C. G. Clancy. 2008. Effectiveness of fish screens to prevent entrainment of westslope cutthroat trout into irrigation canals. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 28:1541-1553. 2008-10-31
Duncan, M. B., R. G. Bramblett, and A. V. Zale. 2016. Distributions of Small Nongame Fishes in the Lower Yellowstone River. American Midland Naturalist 175:1-23. 2016-01-31
Duncan, M. B., B. R. Murphy, and A. V. Zale. 2009. Conservation of Yellowstone cutthroat trout in Yellowstone National Park: a case study. Journal of Natural Resources & Life Sciences Education 38:173-182. 2009-07-31
Drinan, D. P., A. V. Zale, M. A. H. Webb, M. L. Taper, B. B. Shepard, and S. T. Kalinowski. 2012. Evidence of local adaptation in westslope cutthroat trout. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 141:872-880. | Abstract 2012-06-30
De Rito, J. N., A. V. Zale, and B. B. Shepard. 2010. Temporal reproductive separation of fluvial Yellowstone cutthroat trout and hybrids in the Yellowstone River. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 30:866-886. | Abstract 2010-08-31
Davis, W. N., R. G. Bramblett, and A. V. Zale. 2010. Effects of coalbed natural gas development on fish assemblages in tributary streams of the Powder and Tongue rivers. Freshwater Biology doi:10.1111/j.1365-2427.2010.02480.x 2010-08-31
Davis, W. N., R. G. Bramblett, A. V. Zale, and C. L. Endicott. 2009. A review of the potential effects of coalbed natural gas development activities on fish assemblages of the Powder River Geologic Basin. Reviews in Fisheries Science 17:402-422. 2009-05-31
Brown, P. J., and A. V. Zale. 2012. Rotenone persistence model for montane streams. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 141:560-569. | Abstract 2012-03-31
Brown, P. J., J. L. Ard, and A. V. Zale. 2012. Transverse mixing of simulated piscicides in small montane streams. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 141:353-356. | Abstract 2012-03-31
Brown, P. J., H. Johnson, and A. V. Zale. 2011. Effect of rainbow trout size on response to rotenone and antimycin. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 31:1146-1152. | Abstract 2012-01-31
Bramblett, R. G., and A. V. Zale. 2000. The ichthyofauna of small streams on the Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge, Montana. Intermountain Journal of Sciences 6:57-67. 2001-09-30
Bramblett, R. G., T. R. Johnson, A. V. Zale, and D. G. Heggem. 2005. Development and evaluation of a fish assemblage index of biotic integrity for northwestern Great Plains streams. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 134:624-640. 2005-05-31
Bear, E. A., T. E. McMahon, and A. V. Zale. 2007. Comparative thermal requirements of westslope cutthroat trout and rainbow trout: implications to species interactions and development of thermal protection standards. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 136:1113-1121. 2007-07-31
Andrews, T. M., B. B. Shepard, A. R. Litt, C. G. Kruse, A. V. Zale, and S. T. Kalinowski. 2013. Juvenile movement among different populations of cutthroat trout introduced as embryos to vacant habitat. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 33:795-805. 2013-10-31
Andrews, T. C., B. B. Shepard, A. R. Litt, C. G. Kruse, M. L. Nelson, P. Clancey, A. V. Zale, M. L. Taper, and S. T. Kalinowski. 2016. Performance of juvenile Cutthroat Trout translocated as embryos from five populations into a common habitat. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 36:926-941. 2016-07-31
Project Completion Date
Tenderfoot Creek Bair Ranch Foundation Research Project II 2015-12-31
Life-history evaluation of Yellowstone cutthroat trout in Spread Creek, Wyoming, with specific linkages to regional climate change and invasive species 2014-06-30
Assessment of the potential effects of the Exxon oil spill on the Yellowstone River spiny softshell turtle population 2013-06-30
Assessment of the potential effects of the Exxon oil spill on the Yellowstone River fish assemblage 2013-06-30
Blackfeet Nation Lands fishery study 2014-10-31
Turneffe Atoll Trust student support 2015-07-31
Predicting effects of climate change on native fishes in northern Great Plains streams 2015-09-30
Habitats and Movements of Spiny Softshells in the Missouri River in Montana 2013-12-31
Anthropogenic Habitat Change Effects on Fish Assemblages of the Middle and Lower Yellowstone River: Phase II 2013-12-31
Distribution, Habitats and Tributary Linkages of Small and Non-Game Fishes in the Lower Yellowstone River 2012-06-30
Tenderfoot Creek Bair Ranch Foundation Research Project 2014-06-30
Stream-Network Assessment of Thermal Habitat for Arctic Grayling and Non-Native Salmonids in the Upper Big Hole River Watershed, Montana 2010-12-31
Landscape-scale Effects of Wildfire on Aquatic Systems in the Rocky Mountains of Colorado 2010-07-31
Distribution, abundance, and movement of native cutthroat trout in the Snake River below Jackson Lake. 2012-01-15
Destruction of lake trout embryos in natural settings to enhance persistence of native trout 2009-12-31
Evaluation of the management actions taken in the Lamar River watershed 2023-12-31
Efficacy of the Nature-like Fish Bypass Channel at Huntley Diversion Dam, Yellowstone River, Montana 2022-03-31
Assess the recovery of westslope cutthroat trout and Arctic ... 2021-06-30
Improving conservation status of arctic grayling; assessing and increasing landscape connectivity benefits of denil fishways in the Big Hole River 2019-12-31
Evaluating sediment and nutrient contributions from unpaved forest roads to headwater streams 2019-09-30
Statistical analyses to direct conservation and restoration priorities for the yellowstone cutthroat trout in the context of climate change 2017-08-31
Identifying the threats of smallmouth bass to yellowstone cutthroat trout in the Yellowstone River 2019-05-31
Effects of water chemistry on lake trout embryos and fry 2019-08-31
Fort Peck water chemistry analyses 2016-08-31
Seasonal movements of rainbow trout, brown trout, and mountain whitefish in the Smith River, Montana 2019-01-01
Name Degree Program Status Completion Date
Cook, Kristen Master's Active None
Anderson, Ian Master's Active None
Puchany, Andriana Master's Active None
Marsh, Jason Master's Active None
Detjens, Colleen Master's Active None
Voss, Nicholas Master's Active None
Crapster, Kyle Master's Active None
Presentations Presentation Date
Zale, A. V. 2020. Changes in perspectives of fisheries professionals to non-native fish introductions. Annual Conference of the American Society for Environmental History, Ottawa, Ontario, 26-28 March 2020 (cancelled because of the COVID-19 crisis). 2020-03-26
Voss, N., R. Al-Chokhachy, A. Zale, A. Sepulveda, M. Ruggles, and J. Rhoten. 2018. Patterns and limits of smallmouth bass distribution in the upper Yellowstone River. Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society, Butte, Montana, 29 January to 2 February 2018. 2018-02-01
Voss, N. S., R. Al- Chokhachy, A. V. Zale, A. Sepulveda, M. Ruggles, and J. Rhoten. 2019. Factors affecting the recruitment of non-native Smallmouth Bass in the Yellowstone River and implications for upstream range expansion. Joint Conference of the American Fisheries Society and The Wildlife Society, Reno, Nevada, 1 October 2019. 2019-10-01
Voss, N. S., A. Sepulveda, R. Al- Chokhachy, A. V. Zale, M. Ruggles, and J. Rhoten. 2019. Patterns in the distribution, size, and ecology of non-native smallmouth bass in the Yellowstone River. Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society, Billings, Montana, 30 January to 1 February 2019. 2019-01-30
Uthe, P., R. Al-Chokhachy, and A. Zale. 2013. Effects of abiotic and biotic factors on life history characteristics and vital rates of Yellowstone cutthroat trout in a headwater basin. 46th Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society. Fairmont, Montana, 5-8 February, 2013. 2013-02-07
Triano, B., K. Kappenman, T. E. McMahon, and A. V. Zale. 2019. Evaluating the efficiency of Denil fish ladders for upstream passage of Arctic grayling and other species on the Big Hole River. Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society, Billings, Montana, 30 January to 1 February 2019. 2019-02-01
Triano, B., K. Kappenman, T. E. McMahon, M. Blank, A. V. Zale, and A. Parker. 2019. Efficiency of Denil fish ladders for upstream passage of Arctic Grayling, Brook Trout, and other fishes evaluated using PIT technology in the Big Hole River Basin, Montana. Joint Conference of the American Fisheries Society and The Wildlife Society, Reno, Nevada, 1 October 2019. 2019-10-01
Triano, B., K. Kappenman, M. Blank, T. McMahon, A. Parker, K. Heim, K. Plymesser, and A. Zale. 2020. Efficiency of Denil fish ladders for upstream passage of Arctic Grayling, Brook Trout, and other fishes evaluated using PIT technology in the Big Hole River Basin, Montana. International Conference on River Connectivity (Fish Passage 2020), Lisbon, Portugal, 28 June to 3 July 2020 (cancelled because of the COVID-19 crisis). 2020-06-28
Tornabene, B. T., R. G. Bramblett, S. A. Leathe, and A. V. Zale. 2013. Nesting ecology of spiny softshell turtles (Apalone spinifera hartwegi) on the Missouri River in Montana: zoogeographic and management implications. 46th Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society. Fairmont, Montana, 5-8 February, 2013. 2013-02-07
Tornabene, B. J., R. G. Bramblett, S. A. Leathe, and A. V. Zale. 2014. Nesting ecology of the turtle Apalone spinifera in a large river-floodplain ecosystem. Annual Meeting of the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists. Chattanooga, Tennessee, 30 July to 3 August 2014. 2014-07-31
Thomas, N., C. Guy, T. Koel, and A. Zale. 2017. Evaluation of suppression methods targeting non-native lake trout embryos in Yellowstone Lake. Annual Meeting of the Western Division of the American Fisheries Society, Missoula, Montana, 22-25 May 2017. 2017-05-23
Thomas, N., C. Guy, T. Koel, A. Zale, A. Poole. 2018. Evaluation of suppression methods targeting non-native lake trout embryos in Yellowstone Lake. Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society. 2018-01-30
Thomas, N. A., T. M. Koel, C. S. Guy, P. D. Doepke, D. J. MacDonald, A. S. Poole, W. M. Sealey, and A. V. Zale. 2020. Integrated pest management: from experimental evaluation to implementation of Lake Trout embryo suppression in Yellowstone Lake. Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society, Kalispell, Montana, 25-28 February 2020. 2020-02-26
Stringer, A. S., R. G. Bramblett, and A. V. Zale. 2017. Range contractions of three native cyprinids are associated with invasive Northern Pike expansion. Annual Meeting of the American Fisheries Society, Tampa, Florida, 20-24 August 2017. 2017-08-24
Stringer, A. S., R. G. Bramblett, and A. V. Zale. 2017. Invasive Northern Pike are associated with range contractions of three native cyprinids. Annual Meeting of the Western Division of the American Fisheries Society, Missoula, Montana, 22-25 May 2017. 2017-05-25
Stringer, A. L., R. G. Bramblett, and A. V. Zale. 2019. Non-native predators are associated with range contractions of native cyprinids in Montana. Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society, Billings, Montana, 30 January to 1 February 2019. 2019-02-01
Stringer, A. L., R. G. Bramblett, and A. V. Zale. 2015. Our dace are numbered. 7th Annual Research Symposium of the Montana Chapter of the Society for Conservation Biology, Missoula, Montana, 18-20 November 2015. 2015-11-18
Stringer, A. L., A. V. Zale, and R. G. Bramblett. 2019. Effects of invasive Northern Pike on Montana prairie fish assemblages. Joint Conference of the American Fisheries Society and The Wildlife Society, Reno, Nevada, 3 October 2019. 2019-10-03
Smith, J., and A. V. Zale. 2016. Strategies for creating a more diverse and inclusive Forest Service workplace. USDA Forest Service Research Station Leadership Team Meeting. Oxford, Mississippi, 25 October 2016. 2016-10-25
Smith, J. L., S. Rushing, A. Zale, I. M. Handley, J. Honea, E. Shanahan, and M. Potvin. 2014. Infusing Psychological Need Support into Faculty Search Processes: Intervening to Broaden the Participation of Women Faculty. Annual Meeting of the Association of Psychological Science, San Francisco, 22-25 May 2014. 2014-05-22
Shepard, B. B., R. Al-Chokhachy, S. Opitz, C. Sestrich, and A. V. Zale. 2013. Potential influences of climate change on population dynamics of nonnative brook trout and native Yellowstone cutthroat trout in headwater stream networks. Annual Meeting of the Western Division of the American Fisheries Society. Boise, Idaho, 15-18 April, 2013. 2013-04-15
Shepard, B. B., R. Al-Chokhachy, S. Opitz, C. Sestrich, and A. V. Zale. 2013. Distributions, recruitment, growth, and movements of nonnative brook trout and native Yellowstone cutthroat trout in the upper Shields River basin. 46th Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society. Fairmont, Montana, 5-8 February, 2013. 2013-02-07
Shepard, B. B., C. Kruse, P. Clancey, L. Nelson, A. V. Zale, S. Barndt, and B. Roberts. 2017. Collaborative restoration of Westslope Cutthroat Trout into 100 km of Cherry Creek, a Madison River, Montana, tributary. Annual Meeting of the American Fisheries Society, Tampa, Florida, 20-24 August 2017. 2017-08-24
Shepard, B. B., C. G. Kruse, P. Clancey, L. Nelson, S. T. Kalinowski, D. P. Drinan, T. M. Andrews, and A. V. Zale. 2015. Restoration of native westslope cutthroat trout to an isolated stream system in Montana. 145th Annual Meeting of the American Fisheries Society. Portland, Oregon, 16-20 August, 2015. 2015-08-20
Ritter, T. D., A. Zale, and G. Grisak. 2017. Salmonid movements and thermal hydrodynamics at a montane river system confluence: thermal refugia in the Smith River basin. Wild Trout XII, West Yellowstone, Montana, 26-29 September 2017. 2017-09-28
Ritter, T. D., A. Zale, and G. Grisak. 2016. Salmonid movements and thermal hydrodynamics at a montane river system confluence: thermal refugia in the Smith River basin. Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society. Helena, Montana, 16-19 February 2016. 2016-02-18
Reinhold, A. M., R. G. Bramblett, A. V. Zale, G. C. Poole, and D. W. Roberts. 2014. Fish assemblage and habitat differences between side and main channels in the lower Yellowstone River. Joint Aquatic Sciences Meeting, Portland, Oregon, 18-23 May 2014. 2014-05-18
Reinhold, A. M. G. C. Poole, R. G. Bramblett, A. V. Zale, and D. W. Roberts. 2017. Small flow obstructions implicated in accelerating whole-floodplain side-channel loss. Annual Meeting of the Society for Freshwater Science, Raleigh, North Carolina, 4-9 June 2017. 2017-06-04
Puchany, A., A. Zale, T. Koel, B. Shepard, and M. Campbell. 2020. Assessing Westslope Cutthroat Trout and Arctic Grayling restoration efforts in Yellowstone National Park. Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society, Kalispell, Montana, 25-28 February 2020. 2020-02-26
Poole, A., A. Zale, M. Webb, and T. Koel. 2018. Laboratory Evaluations of Lake Trout Embryo Suppression Methods for use in Yellowstone Lake. Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society, Butte, Montana, 29 January to 2 February 2018. 2018-02-01
Poole, A. S., A. V. Zale, M. A. Webb, and T. M. Koel. 2017. Laboratory evaluations of embryo suppression techniques. Conservation Actions to Restore Yellowstone Lake—An Interim Scientific Assessment. Bozeman, Montana, 18-19 April 2017. 2017-04-18
Poole, A. S., A. V. Zale, M. A. Webb, and T. M. Koel. 2016. Ova suppression lab studies. Yellowstone Lake Working Group Meeting. Bozeman, Montana, 7 December 2016. 2016-12-07
M. Heinemann, A. R. Litt, M. Lance, K. Vivian, J. Mullen, and A. V. Zale. 2018. Estimating detection probability of PIT tags consumed by white pelicans to improve inferences in fish movement and avian predation studies. Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society, Butte, Montana, 29 January to 2 February 2018. 2018-01-31
Lance, M., J. Mullen, D. Ritter, G. Madel, G. Grisak, A. Zale, and D. Owensby. 2016. Construction and operation of half-duplex PIT tag networks: lessons learned in the Missouri and Smith River watersheds. Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society. Helena, Montana, 16-19 February 2016. 2016-02-18
Lance, M., A. Zale, J. Mullen, R. Al-Chokhachy, G. Grisak and T. McMahon. 2017. Fish movement patterns in the Smith River watershed in central Montana. Wild Trout XII, West Yellowstone, Montana, 26-29 September 2017. 2017-09-28
Lance, M., A. Zale, J. Mullen, R. Al-Chokhachy, G. Grisak and T. McMahon. 2017. Fish movement patterns in the Smith River watershed in central Montana. Annual Meeting of the Western Division of the American Fisheries Society, Missoula, Montana, 22-25 May 2017. 2017-05-25
Lance, M. J., T. D. Ritter, A. V. Zale, G. G. Grisak, J. A. Mullen, S. Walsh, R. Al-Chokhachy, K. C. Heim, T. E. McMahon, and G. A. Liknes. 2019. Use of a network of autonomous PIT arrays to study movement behaviors of sympatric salmonids across an un-fragmented watershed. Joint Conference of the American Fisheries Society and The Wildlife Society, Reno, Nevada, 3 October 2019. 2019-10-03
Lance, M. J., A. V. Zale, G. G. Grisak, J. A. Mullen, T. D. Ritter, R. Al-Chokhachy, T. E. McMahon, and G. A. Liknes. 2019. Variable demographic rates of sympatric fish species suggest sources, sinks, and ecological traps in a connected watershed. Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society, Billings, Montana, 30 January to 1 February 2019. 2019-01-31
K. Plymesser, M. Blank, J. Cahoon, K. Kappenman, T. McMahon, B. Triano, B., and A. Zale. 2020. A comparison of lab and field based passage data for Arctic grayling in Denil fishways. International Conference on River Connectivity (Fish Passage 2020), Lisbon, Portugal, 28 June to 3 July 2020 (cancelled because of the COVID-19 crisis). 2020-06-28
Heinemann, M., A. R. Litt, M. Lance, K. Vivian, J. Mullen, and A. V. Zale. 2018. Characterizing rearing habitat of American white pelicans using PIT tags from consumed fish. Poster presented at the Annual meeting of the Montana Chapter of The Wildlife Society, Butte, Montana, 22 February 2018. 2018-02-22
Gilham, A., B. Shepard, and A. Zale. 2014. Effects of variable-intensity cattle grazing on salmonid populations in headwater streams on the Blackfeet Indian Reservation, Montana. Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society. Chico, Montana, 5-7 March 2014. 2014-03-06
Detjens, C., A. V. Zale, T. M. Koel, A. Litt, and M. Schwartz. 2018. Use of eDNA to monitor the abundance of spawning Yellowstone Cutthroat Trout in tributaries to Yellowstone Lake. Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society, Butte, Montana, 29 January to 2 February 2018. 2018-01-31
Detjens, C. R., A. V. Zale, T. M. Koel, A. R. Litt, and M. K. Schwartz. 2020. Use of eDNA to estimate abundances of spawning Yellowstone Cutthroat Trout in tributaries to Yellowstone Lake. Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society, Kalispell, Montana, 25-28 February 2020. 2020-02-26
Crapster, K., R. Al-Chokhachy, A. Sepulveda, W. L. Knotek, M. Young, and A. V. Zale. 2018. Do habitat attributes influence the relationship between native trout abundance and eDNA concentrations in northwest Montana? Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society, Butte, Montana, 29 January to 2 February 2018. 2018-02-01
Cook, K., A. Zale, D. Stagliano, M. Anderson, C. Guy, L. Albertson, and C. Barnhart. 2020. Reproductive timing of Western Pearlshell mussels in Montana. Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society, Kalispell, Montana, 25-28 February 2020. 2020-02-25
Cook, K., A. Zale, D. Stagliano, M. Anderson, C. Guy, L. Albertson, and C. Barnhart. 2020. Reproductive timing of Western Pearlshell mussels in Montana. 2020 Symposium of the Pacific Northwest Native Freshwater Mussel Workgroup, Vancouver, Washington, 26 March 2020. 2020-03-26
Bramblett, R., K. Chase, R. Gresswell, S. Hostetler, J. Johnson, D. Roberts, and A. Zale. 2013. Simulated effects of climate change on the hydrology and fish assemblages of northern Great Plains streams. Annual Meeting of the Dakota Chapter of the American Fisheries Society. Bismarck, North Dakota, 27-28 February 2013. 2013-02-28
B. B. Shepard, C. Kruse, P. Clancey, L. Nelson, T. Andrews, S. Kalinowski, A. Zale, and D. Drinan. 2015. First generation results of the Cherry Creek westslope cutthroat trout restoration project. Annual Meeting of the Montana Chapter of the American Fisheries Society, Great Falls, Montana, 25-26 February 2015. 2015-02-26
Al-Chokhachy, R., P. Uthe, B. Shepard, and A. V. Zale. 2015. Temperature and streamflow effects on growth and survival of headwater cutthroat trout populations in the Greater Yellowstone Area. 145th Annual Meeting of the American Fisheries Society. Portland, Oregon, 16-20 August, 2015. 2015-08-20
Al-Chokhachy, R., P. Uthe, B. Shepard, A. Zale, and J. Kershner. 2014. Developing a mechanistic understanding of the effects of climate change on native and non-native salmonids in the Greater Yellowstone. 12th Biennial Scientific Conference on the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Mammoth Hot Springs, Wyoming, 6-8 October, 2014. 2014-10-08
Technical Publications Publication Date
Zale, A., J. L. Smith, I. Handley, D. Letendre, and K. Mathers. 2013. A guide for transforming the culture of Montana State University by enhancing its diversity. ADVANCE Project TRACS, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana. 2013-10-31
Zale, A. V., and D. Rider. 2003. Comparative use of modified and natural habitats of the Upper Yellowstone River by juvenile salmonids. Final report to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Omaha, Nebraska. 66 pages. 2003-03-31
Zale, A. V. 2003. Distribution, movements, and life history characteristics of genetically pure westslope cutthroat trout Oncorhynchus clarki lewisi in the Fan Creek drainage, Yellowstone National Park. Final report to National Park Service and Yellowstone Park Foundation. 103 pages. 2003-03-31
Vatland, S., R. E. Gresswell, and A. V. Zale. 2009. Evalaution of habitat restoration for the fluvial Arctic grayling in the Big Hole River, Montana. Final report to the Wild Fish Habitat Initiative, Montana University System Water Center, Bozeman, Montana. 36 pages. 2009-04-30
Steed, A. C., and A. V. Zale. 2007. Population viability of Arctic grayling (Thymallus arcticus) in the Gibbon River, Yellowstone National Park. Final Report to the National Park Service. 78 pages. 2007-09-30
Shepard, B. B., and A.. V. Zale. 2005. Dyce Creek brook trout removal project: 2004 to 2005. Final Report to the U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Dillon, Montana. 20 pages. 2005-12-31
Shepard, B. B., M. L. Taper, and A. V. Zale. 2009. Evaluation of habitat restoration for the conservation of cutthroat trout. Final report to the Wild Fish Habitat Initiative, Montana University System Water Center, Bozeman, Montana. 94 pages. 2009-01-31
Ryce, E. K. N., and A. V. Zale. 2004. Bacterial coldwater disease in westslope cutthroat trout: hatchery epidemiology and control. Final Report to The Wild Fish Habitat Initiative, Montana University System Water Center, Bozeman, Montana. 13 pages. 2004-12-31
Ryce, E. K. N., and A. V. Zale. 2001. Effects of size versus age on the development of whirling disease in rainbow trout. Final report to the Whirling Disease Initiative of the National Partnership on the Management of Wild and Native Cold Water Fisheries, Bozeman, Montana. 11 pages. 2002-01-31
Ryce, E. K. N., E. MacConnell, and A. V. Zale. 2001. Effects of size versus age on the development of whirling disease in rainbow trout. Pages 35-36 in Proceedings of the 7th Annual Whirling Disease Symposium. Whirling Disease Foundation, Bozeman, Montana. 2001-02-28
Ryce, E. K. N., E. MacConnell, A. V. Zale, and M. A. Adkison. 2001. Effect of initial exposure to Myxobolus cerebralis on the development of resistance to reinfection in rainbow trout. Pages 37-38 in Proceedings of the 7th Annual Whirling Disease Symposium. Whirling Disease Foundation, Bozeman, Montana. 2001-02-28
Ryce, E. K. N., A. V. Zale, and R. B. Nehring. 2000. Laboratory assessment of possible selection for resistance to whirling disease among progeny of Colorado River rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Final report by Montana Cooperative Fishery Research Unit to the Whirling Disease Initiative of the National Partnership on the Management of Wild and Native Cold Water Fisheries, Bozeman, Montana. 2000-01-31
Ryce, E. K. N., A. V. Zale, and E. MacConnell. 2001. The effect of initial exposure to Myxobolus cerebralis on the development of resistance to reinfection in rainbow trout. Final report to the Whirling Disease Initiative of the National Partnership on the Management of Wild and Native Cold Water Fisheries, Bozeman, Montana. 10 pages. 2001-01-31
Ryce, E. K. N., A. V. Zale, E. MacConnell, and M. A. Adkison. 2002. Factors affecting the resistance of juvenile rainbow trout to whirling disease. Pages 27-28 in Proceedings of the 8th Annual Whirling Disease Symposium. Whirling Disease Foundation, Bozeman, Montana. 2002-08-31
Reinhold, A. M., R. G. Bramblett, and A. V. Zale. 2014. Anthropogenic habitat change effects on fish assemblages of the middle and lower Yellowstone River. Completion Report to the United States Army Corps of Engineers and the Technical Advisory Committee, Yellowstone River Conservation District Council. Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks University Research Completion Report Series Number 2014-01. 2014-12-31
R. W. Van Kirk, and A. V. Zale. 2000. Preface: Aquatic resources of the Henry's Fork watershed. Intermountain Journal of Sciences 6:103-105. 2001-03-31
MacConnell, E., and A. V. Zale. 2000. Susceptibility of mountain whitefish, Prosopium williamsoni, to Myxobolus cerebralis. Final report by Montana Cooperative Fishery Research Unit to the Whirling Disease Initiative of the National Partnership on the Management of Wild and Native Cold Water Fisheries, Bozeman, Montana. 2000-01-31
MacConnell, E., A. V. Zale, and M. A. Quinn. 2000. Susceptibility of mountain whitefish to Myxobolus cerebralis. Pages 107-108 in Proceedings of the 6th Annual Whirling Disease Symposium. Whirling Disease Foundation, Bozeman, Montana. 2000-01-31
Lukins, H. J., A. V. Zale, and F. T. Barrows. 2004. Triactinomyxon dynamics estimated by packed-bed filtration. Pages 9-10 in Proceedings of the 10th Annual Whirling Disease Symposium. Whirling Disease Foundation, Bozeman, Montana. 2004-03-31
Lukins, H. J., A. V. Zale, and F. T. Barrows. 2003. Temporal, spatial, and discharge mediated dynamics of of triactinomyxon abundances and infection risk estimated directly by packed-bed filtration. Final report to the Whirling Disease Initiative of the National Partnership on the Management of Wild and Native Cold Water Fisheries, Bozeman, Montana. 26 pages. 2003-12-31
Lukins, H. J., A. V. Zale, and F. T. Barrows. 2003. Temporal fluctuations in triactinomyxon densities. Pages 41-42 in Proceedings of the 9th Annual Whirling Disease Symposium-Managing the Risk. Whirling Disease Foundation, Bozeman, Montana. 2003-03-31
Leathe, S., G. Liknes, T. McMahon, A. Munro, and A. V. Zale. 2001. Epidemiology of whirling disease in the Missouri River Ecosystem. Final report to the Whirling Disease Initiative of the National Partnership on the Management of Wild and Native Cold Water Fisheries, Bozeman, Montana. 16 pages. 2002-01-31
Leathe, S., G. Liknes, T. McMahon, A. Munro, E. R. Vincent, and A. Zale. 2002. Epidemiology of whirling disease in the Missouri River, Montana: disease spread and trout population response five years after discovery. Pages 19-20 in Proceedings of the 8th Annual Whirling Disease Symposium. Whirling Disease Foundation, Bozeman, Montana. 2002-08-31
Kerans, B. L., and A. V. Zale. 2001. The ecology of Myxobolus cerebralis. Page 53 in Proceedings of the 7th Annual Whirling Disease Symposium. Whirling Disease Foundation, Bozeman, Montana. 2001-02-28
Harnish, R. A., and A. V. Zale. 2007. Fish screen efficiency and effects of screened and unscreened irrigation canals on the downstream movement of westslope cutthroat trout juveniles in Skalkaho Creek, Montana.Final Report to The Wild Fish Habitat Initiative, Montana University System Water Center, Bozeman, Montana. 96 pages. 2007-10-31
Gale, S. B., and A. V. Zale. 2005. Evaluation of entrainment losses of westslope cutthroat trout at private irrigation diversions and the efficiency of fish screens on Skalkaho Creek, Montana. Final Report to The Wild Fish Habitat Initiative, Montana University System Water Center, Bozeman, Montana. 75 pages. 2005-01-31
Duncan, M. B., R. G. Bramblett, and A. V. Zale. 2012. Distribution, habitats, and tributary linkages of small and nongame fishes in the lower Yellowstone River. Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks University Research Completion Report Series Number 2012-01. 2012-09-30
Doepke, P. D., T. M. Koel, C. S. Guy, A. S. Poole, N. A. Thomas, and A. V. Zale. 2017. Lake Trout suppression alternatives to gillnetting. Yellowstone Science 25(1):70-73. 2017-01-31
Davis, W. N., R. G. Bramblett, and A. V. Zale. 2006. Literature review and development of a study plan to assess the effects of coalbed natural gas activities on fish assemblages. Final Report to the U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Miles City, Montana. 79 pages. 2006-02-28
Davis, W. N., A. V. Zale, and R. G. Bramblett. 2008. Effects of colabed natural gas development on fish assemblages in tributary streams in the Powder River Basin, Montana and Wyoming. Final Report to The Wild Fish Habitat Initiative, Montana University System Water Center, Bozeman, Montana. 125 pages. 2008-04-30
Craig, A. J., and A. V. Zale. 2001. Effects of bank stabilization structures on fish and their habitat: a literature review. Report to Omaha District, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and Governor's Upper Yellowstone River Task Force. 27 pages. 2001-02-28
Brown, P., and A. V. Zale. 2009. Evaluation of the efficiency and efficacy of piscicides for non-native fish eradication. Final report to the Wild Fish Habitat Initiative, Montana University System Water Center, Bozeman, Montana. 38 pages. 2009-01-31
Bramblett, R. G., and A. V. Zale. 2000. Fishery survey of the streams of the Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge, Montana. Final report by Montana Cooperative Fishery Research Unit to U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, Colorado. 2000-01-31
Bramblett, R. G., T. R. Johnson, A. V. Zale, and D. Heggem. 2003. Development of biotic integrity indices for prairie streams in Montana using fish, macroinvertebrate, and diatom assemblages. Final report to U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 96 pages. 2003-08-31
Bear, B. A., T. A. McMahon, and A. V. Zale. 2004. Thermal requirements of westslope cutthroat trout. Final Report to The Wild Fish Habitat Initiative, Montana University System Water Center, Bozeman, Montana. 31 pages. 2004-12-31
Barrows, F. T., A. V. Zale, and T. E. McMahon. 2000. Triactinomyxon collection using packed-bed filtration: Update on progress. Pages 81-82 in Proceedings of the 6th Annual Whirling Disease Symposium. Whirling Disease Foundation, Bozeman, Montana. 2000-01-31
Barrows, F. T., A. V. Zale, H. Lukins, and T. E. McMahon. 2002. Validation of packed-bed filtration for triactinomyxon quantification: laboratory and field trials. Pages 65-66 in Proceedings of the 8th Annual Whirling Disease Symposium. Whirling Disease Foundation, Bozeman, Montana. 2002-08-31
Barrows, F. T., A. V. Zale, H. Lukins, and T. E. McMahon. 2001. Field collecting the triactinomyxon stage of Myxobolus cerebralis using combined filtration methods. Final report to the Whirling Disease Initiative of the National Partnership on the Management of Wild and Native Cold Water Fisheries, Bozeman, Montana. 5 pages. 2002-01-31
Bahn, L., and A. V. Zale. 2007. An assessment of losses of native fish to irrigation diversions on selected tributaries of the Bitterroot River, Montana. Final report to Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks. 118 pages. 2007-11-30
Adelman, I. R., P. Moy, M. Walsh, C. Caldwell, B. Durham, J. Isely, D. Jackson, and A. Zale. 2008. AFS topic oriented meetings: a new opportunity for information exchange. Fisheries 33:291. 2008-06-30