Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Units Program:
Education, Research and Technical Assistance for Managing Our Natural Resources


Resist-Accept-Direct (RAD) decisionmaking

October 2021 - September 2023


Participating Agencies

As climate change alters ecosystems worldwide, managers are faced increasingly with challenges in how to manage for its impacts. The Resist-Accept-Direct framework provides a guide for decisionmaking about how, when, and where to choose to implement actions for climate resiliency in ecosystems. This project seeks to apply the RAD framework to river ecosystems worldwide, specifically including the Mississippi River. It is carried out in collaboration with partners across USGS, other Bureaus in the Department of the Interior, and elsewhere in Federal, State and Tribal governance, in addition with non-profit groups. The research helps inform decisions about river management in the face of ongoing climate change.

Research Publications Publication Date
Ward, N. K., A. J. Lynch, E. A. Beever, J. Booker, K. L. Bouska, H. Embke, et al. 2023. Reimagining large river management using the Resist–Accept–Direct (RAD) framework in the Upper Mississippi River. Ecological Processes 12:48. | Abstract | Publisher Website October 2023
Presentations Presentation Date
Ward, N., A.J. Lynch, K. Bouska, H. Embke, J. Kocik, T. Krabbenhoft, D. Lawrence, M. Magee, B.M. Maitland, J. Morton, J.D. Muehlbauer, R. Newman, H.M. Rantala, G.G. Sass, A. Schulz and J. Wilkening. 2022. Using the Resist-Accept-Direct (RAD) framework to reimagine large river management. American Fisheries Society Annual Meeting, American Fisheries Society, Spokane, Washington, 21-25 August 2022. August 2022