Invalid Unit Specified
Group Detail Report: G777
Fimbristylis castanea - Eleocharis spp. - Fuirena scirpoidea Coastal Interdunal Marsh & Prairie Group

The U.S. National
Vegetation Classification
This graminoid marsh occurs in coastal interdunal wetlands and coastal prairies, which are not tidal and are dominated by graminoids such as Andropogon glomeratus, Cladium mariscus ssp. jamaicense, Cyperus spp., Eleocharis spp., Fimbristylis castanea, Fuirena scirpoidea, Muhlenbergia filipes, Panicum spp., Rhynchospora colorata, Sagittaria lancifolia, Schoenoplectus pungens, Setaria magna, Spartina bakeri, and Typha domingensis.
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Translated Name:Marsh Fimbry - Spikerush species - Southern Umbrella-sedge Coastal Interdunal Marsh & Prairie Group
Colloquial Name:Atlantic & Gulf Coastal Interdunal Marsh & Prairie
This group occurs in coastal interdunal swales, interdunal depressions or poorly drained wet coastal flats. These are graminoid-dominated wetlands; dominant graminoid species can include Andropogon brachystachyus, Carex hyalinolepis, Cladium mariscus ssp. jamaicense, Eleocharis elongata, Eleocharis equisetoides, Eleocharis quadrangulata, Fimbristylis caroliniana, Fimbristylis castanea, Fuirena scirpoidea, Leptochloa fusca ssp. fascicularis, Muhlenbergia filipes, Panicum hemitomon, Panicum tenerum, Paspalum vaginatum, Rhynchospora spp., Spartina patens, Schoenoplectus pungens, and Typha domingensis. These are not tidally influenced, but may be subject to salt or brackish water from storm surge events. The vegetation may range from open water or floating-leaved aquatics in the center of the deepest interdunal depressions, to emergent marsh zones in semipermanent water, to shallower drawdown zones with diverse graminoid and forb vegetation. Wet coastal prairie vegetation is found on wet coastal flats and consists of primarily herbaceous wetland vegetation with a relatively thick cover of graminoid herbs.
This group occurs in coastal interdunal swales, interdunal depressions or poorly drained wet coastal flats. These are graminoid-dominated wetlands. These are not tidally influenced, but may be subject to salt or brackish water from storm surge events.
No Data Available
Synonomy: > Coastal Interdunal Swale (FNAI 2010a)
> Interdunal wetlands (Edwards et al. 2013)

Related Type Name:

Short Citation:
  • Edwards et al. 2013
  • Faber-Langendoen et al. 2017a
  • Feagin et al. 2010
  • FNAI 2010a
States/Provinces:AL, FL, GA, LA, MD, MS, MXTM?, NC, SC, TX, VA
Nations:MX?, US
Range:This group is found in Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coastal areas from Maryland and Virginia south to Florida and west to Texas and perhaps Tamaulipas, Mexico.
US Forest Service Ecoregions
Domain Name:
Division Name:
Province Name:
Province Code:   Occurrence Status:
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These are graminoid-dominated wetlands, but the vegetation may range from open water or floating-leaved aquatics in the center of the deepest interdunal depressions, to emergent marsh zones in semipermanent water, to shallower drawdown zones with diverse graminoid and forb vegetation.
These are graminoid-dominated wetlands; dominant graminoid species can include Andropogon brachystachyus, Carex hyalinolepis, Cladium mariscus ssp. jamaicense, Eleocharis elongata, Eleocharis equisetoides, Eleocharis quadrangulata, Fimbristylis caroliniana, Fimbristylis castanea, Fuirena scirpoidea, Leptochloa fusca ssp. fascicularis, Muhlenbergia filipes, Panicum hemitomon, Panicum tenerum, Paspalum vaginatum, Rhynchospora spp., Spartina patens, Schoenoplectus pungens, and Typha domingensis.
This group occurs in coastal interdunal swales, interdunal depressions or poorly drained wet coastal flats. These are not tidally influenced, but may be subject to salt or brackish water from storm surge events.
Moderate
These wetlands are not tidally influenced, but may be subject to salt or brackish water from storm surge events. These wetlands are prone to landscape level disturbance from major tropical storms such as hurricanes which cause dune movement, coastal erosion and accretion. In areas where these wetlands are within a developed rather than natural coastal landscape, hurricane-related disturbance is a greater threat (Feagin et al. 2010).
34:C, 63:C, 73:C, 73n:C, 73o:C, 75:C
Authors:
C.W. Nordman      Version Date: 13May2015


References:
  • Edwards, L., J. Ambrose, and K. Kirkman. 2013. The natural communities of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, Athens, GA. 675 pp.
  • Faber-Langendoen, D., J. Drake, S. Gawler, M. Hall, C. Josse, G. Kittel, S. Menard, C. Nordman, M. Pyne, M. Reid, L. Sneddon, K. Schulz, J. Teague, M. Russo, K. Snow, and P. Comer, editors. 2010-2017a. Divisions, Macrogroups and Groups for the Revised U.S. National Vegetation Classification. NatureServe, Arlington, VA. plus appendices. [in preparation]
  • Feagin, R. A., W. K. Smith, N. P. Psuty, D. R. Young, M. L. Martinez, G. A. Carter, K. L. Lucas, J. C. Gibeat, J. N. Gemma, and R. E. Koske. 2010. Barrier islands: Coupling anthropogenic stability with ecological sustainability. Journal of Coastal Research 26:987-992.
  • FNAI [Florida Natural Areas Inventory]. 2010a. Guide to the natural communities of Florida: 2010 edition. Florida Natural Areas Inventory, Tallahassee, FL.


USNVC Credits: Detailed Description of the National Vegetation Classification Types

Date Accessed:

To cite a description:
Author(s). publicationYear. Description Title [last revised revisionDate]. United States National Vegetation Classification. Federal Geographic Data Committee, Washington, D.C.

About spatial standards:
The United States Federal Geographic Data Committee (hereafter called the FGDC) is tasked to develop geospatial data standards that will enable sharing of spatial data among producers and users and support the growing National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI), acting under the Office of Management Budget (OMB) Circular A-16 (OMB 1990, 2000) and Executive Order #12906 (Clinton 1994) as amended by Executive Order #13286 (Bush 2003). FGDC subcommittees and working groups, in consultation and cooperation with state, local, tribal, private, academic, and international communities, develop standards for the content, quality, and transferability of geospatial data. FGDC standards are developed through a structured process, integrated with one another to the extent possible, supportable by the current vendor community (but are independent of specific technologies), and publicly available.

About this document
This document contains type descriptions at the Group level of the U.S. National Vegetation Classification. These descriptions were primarily written by NatureServe ecologists in collaboration with Federal Geographic Data Committee Vegetation Subcommittee and a wide variety of state, federal and private partners as a part of the implementation of the National Vegetation Classification. Formation descriptions were written by the Hierarchy Revisions Working Group. The descriptions are based on consultation with natural resource professionals, published literature, and other vegetation classification systems. The Ecological Society of America's Panel on Vegetation Classification is responsible for managing the review and formal adoption of these types into the National Vegetation Classification. Partners involved in the implementation of the USNVC include:

U.S. Government
  • Department of Agriculture (USDA)
  • Department of Commerce (DOC)
  • Department of Defense (DOD)
  • Department of the Interior (USDI)
  • Forest Service (FS) - Chair
  • National Agriculture Statistical Service (NASS)
  • Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
  • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
  • National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS)
  • U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE)
  • U.S. Navy (NAVY)
  • Bureau of Land Management (BLM)
  • Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS)
  • National Park Service (NPS)
  • U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
  • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Non U.S. Government
  • NatureServe (NS)
  • Ecological Society of America (ESA)

Disclaimer:
Given the dynamic nature of the standard, it is possible a type description is incomplete or in revision at the time of download; therefore, users of the data should track the date of access and read the revisions section of the USNVC.org website to understand the current status of the classification. While USNVC data have undergone substantial review prior to posting, it is possible that some errors or inaccuracies have remained undetected.

For information on the process used to develop these descriptions see:

Faber-Langendoen, D., T. Keeler-Wolf, D. Meidinger, D. Tart, B. Hoagland, C. Josse, G. Navarro, S. Ponomarenko, J.-P. Saucier, A. Weakley, P. Comer. 2014. EcoVeg: A new approach to vegetation description and classification. Ecological Monographs 84:533-561 (erratum 85:473).

Franklin, S., D. Faber-Langendoen, M. Jennings, T. Keeler-Wolf, O. Loucks, A. McKerrow, R.K. Peet, and D. Roberts. 2012. Building the United States National Vegetation Classification. Annali di Botanica 2: 1-9.

Jennings, M. D., D. Faber-Langendoen, O. L. Louckes, R. K. Peet, and D. Roberts. 2009. Standards for associations and alliances of the U.S. National Vegetation Classification. Ecological Monographs 79(2):173-199.

FGDC [Federal Geographic Data Committee]. 2008. Vegetation Classification Standard, FGDC-STD-005, Version 2. Washington, DC., USA. [http://www.fgdc.gov/standards/projects/FGDC-standards-projects/vegetation/NVCS_V2_FINAL_2008-02.pdf]

For additional information contact:

  • Implementation of the U.S. National Vegetation Classification Standard - Alexa McKerrow (amckerrow@usgs.gov)
  • NatureServe's Development of NVC Type Descriptions - Don Faber-Langendoen (don_faber- langendoen@natureserve.org)
  • Ecological Society of America's Review of the Type Descriptions Scott.Franklin@unco.edu
  • Federal Geographic Data Committee - Vegetation Subcommittee's Activities - Marianne Burke (mburke@fs.fed.us)