Invalid Unit Specified
Alliance Detail Report: A3428
Nyssa biflora Interior Pond Forest Alliance

The U.S. National
Vegetation Classification
This vegetation is dominated by Acer rubrum var. rubrum, Liquidambar styraciflua, and Nyssa biflora and occurs in seasonally flooded upland ponds of the Ridge and Valley and adjacent Cumberland Plateau of Alabama and Georgia (and possibly Tennessee).
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Translated Name:Swamp Tupelo Interior Pond Forest Alliance
Colloquial Name:Interior Swamp Tupelo Pond Forest
The dominant tree species include Acer rubrum var. rubrum, Liquidambar styraciflua, and Nyssa biflora. Shrubs include Cephalanthus occidentalis and Lyonia lucida which may be in two distinct zones. The liana Smilax laurifolia is also present. Herbaceous dominants include Woodwardia virginica and Osmunda regalis var. spectabilis in a fern zone, with Carex glaucescens, Dulichium arundinaceum, and Panicum virgatum (= var. cubense) in a grass-sedge zone. A deeper open-water zone contains Torreyochloa pallida (= Glyceria pallida), Potamogeton pulcher, and Utricularia gibba (= Utricularia biflora). The vegetation is zoned with an outer ring of trees, a series of interior zones of shrubs, herbs and vines, and a central area with or without standing water year-round depending on precipitation. Vegetation of this alliance occurs in seasonally flooded upland ponds of a limited area in the Ridge and Valley and adjacent Cumberland Plateau of Alabama and Georgia (and possibly Tennessee).
This alliance accommodates distinctive seasonally flooded upland ponds of a limited area in the Ridge and Valley and adjacent Cumberland Plateau of Alabama and Georgia.
Vegetation Hierarchy
Name:Database Code:Classification Code:
Class 1 Forest & Woodland C01 1
Subclass 1.B Temperate & Boreal Forest & Woodland S15 1.B
Formation 1.B.3 Temperate Flooded & Swamp Forest F026 1.B.3
Division 1.B.3.Na Eastern North American-Great Plains Flooded & Swamp Forest D011 1.B.3.Na
Macrogroup M503 Central Hardwood Swamp Forest M503 1.B.3.Na.2
Group G654 South-Central Flatwoods & Pond Forest G654 1.B.3.Na.2.b
Alliance A3428 Interior Swamp Tupelo Pond Forest A3428
Association CEGL004116 Swamp Tupelo Sagpond Forest CEGL004116
Floristic information for CEGL004116 (the only association) is found in Greear (1967, 1986) and Wharton (1978). Additional information is provided in Edwards et al. (2013).
Synonomy: >< IIA10b. Swamp Tupelo Pond Forest (Allard 1990)
? Sagpond (Wharton 1978)
? Sagpond (Edwards et al. 2013)

Related Type Name:

Short Citation:
  • Allard 1990
  • Ambrose 1990a
  • Edwards et al. 2013
  • Faber-Langendoen et al. 2017b
  • Greear 1967
  • Greear 1986
  • Wharton 1978
States/Provinces:AL, GA, TN?
Nations:US
Range:This vegetation is found in the Ridge and Valley of Alabama and Georgia (and possibly the adjacent Cumberland Plateau of Tennessee).
US Forest Service Ecoregions
Domain Name:
Division Name:
Province Name:Southeastern Mixed Forest Province
Province Code:231   Occurrence Status:Confident or certain
Section Name:Southern Ridge and Valley Section
Section Code:231D     Occurrence Status:Confident or certain
The vegetation is zoned with an outer ring of trees, a series of interior zones of shrubs, herbs and vines, and a central area with or without standing water year round depending on precipitation.
The dominant tree species in examples of this alliance include Nyssa biflora (which is most abundant and diagnostic), Acer rubrum var. rubrum, and Liquidambar styraciflua (the two of which are typically present but not diagnostic). In higher quality examples, there are two shrub zones, one dominated by Cephalanthus occidentalis and another slightly higher one dominated by Lyonia lucida. Another common shrub is Vaccinium corymbosum. The liana Smilax laurifolia is also present. Herbaceous dominants include Woodwardia virginica and Osmunda regalis var. spectabilis in a fern zone, with Carex glaucescens, Dulichium arundinaceum, and Panicum virgatum (= var. cubense) in a grass-sedge zone. A deeper open-water zone contains Potamogeton pulcher, Torreyochloa pallida (= Glyceria pallida), and Utricularia gibba (= Utricularia biflora). Many plants found in this habitat are otherwise restricted to the Coastal Plain, at least in Georgia. Additional information is provided in Edwards et al. (2013).
Vegetation of this vegetation is restricted to seasonally flooded upland ponds (sagponds) in the Ridge and Valley and adjacent Cumberland Plateau of Alabama and Georgia (and possibly Tennessee).
Low
No Data Available
Authors:
M. Pyne      Version Date: 08Jan2014


References:
  • Allard, D. J. 1990. Southeastern United States ecological community classification. Interim report, Version 1.2. The Nature Conservancy, Southeast Regional Office, Chapel Hill, NC. 96 pp.
  • Ambrose, J. 1990a. Georgia's natural communities--A preliminary list. Unpublished document. Georgia Natural Heritage Inventory. 5 pp.
  • Edwards, L., J. Ambrose, and K. Kirkman. 2013. The natural communities of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, Athens, GA. 675 pp.
  • Faber-Langendoen, D., J. Drake, M. Hall, G. Kittel, S. Menard, C. Nordman, M. Pyne, M. Reid, M. Russo, K. Schulz, L. Sneddon, K. Snow, and J. Teague. 2013-2017b. Screening alliances for induction into the U.S. National Vegetation Classification: Part 1 - Alliance concept review. NatureServe, Arlington, VA.
  • Greear, P. F. 1967. Composition, diversity, and structure of some natural ponds in northwest Georgia. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Georgia, Athens.
  • Greear, P. F. 1986. The ecology of sag ponds: Surprise on Cassville Mountain. Tipularia 1(1).
  • Wharton, C. H. 1978. The natural environments of Georgia. Georgia Department of Natural Resources, Atlanta. 227 pp.


USNVC Credits: Detailed Description of the National Vegetation Classification Types

Date Accessed:

To cite a description:
Author(s). publicationYear. Description Title [last revised revisionDate]. United States National Vegetation Classification. Federal Geographic Data Committee, Washington, D.C.

About spatial standards:
The United States Federal Geographic Data Committee (hereafter called the FGDC) is tasked to develop geospatial data standards that will enable sharing of spatial data among producers and users and support the growing National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI), acting under the Office of Management Budget (OMB) Circular A-16 (OMB 1990, 2000) and Executive Order #12906 (Clinton 1994) as amended by Executive Order #13286 (Bush 2003). FGDC subcommittees and working groups, in consultation and cooperation with state, local, tribal, private, academic, and international communities, develop standards for the content, quality, and transferability of geospatial data. FGDC standards are developed through a structured process, integrated with one another to the extent possible, supportable by the current vendor community (but are independent of specific technologies), and publicly available.

About this document
This document contains type descriptions at the Alliance level of the U.S. National Vegetation Classification. These descriptions were primarily written by NatureServe ecologists in collaboration with Federal Geographic Data Committee Vegetation Subcommittee and a wide variety of state, federal and private partners as a part of the implementation of the National Vegetation Classification. Formation descriptions were written by the Hierarchy Revisions Working Group. The descriptions are based on consultation with natural resource professionals, published literature, and other vegetation classification systems. The Ecological Society of America's Panel on Vegetation Classification is responsible for managing the review and formal adoption of these types into the National Vegetation Classification. Partners involved in the implementation of the USNVC include:

U.S. Government
  • Department of Agriculture (USDA)
  • Department of Commerce (DOC)
  • Department of Defense (DOD)
  • Department of the Interior (USDI)
  • Forest Service (FS) - Chair
  • National Agriculture Statistical Service (NASS)
  • Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
  • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
  • National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS)
  • U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE)
  • U.S. Navy (NAVY)
  • Bureau of Land Management (BLM)
  • Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS)
  • National Park Service (NPS)
  • U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
  • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Non U.S. Government
  • NatureServe (NS)
  • Ecological Society of America (ESA)

Disclaimer:
Given the dynamic nature of the standard, it is possible a type description is incomplete or in revision at the time of download; therefore, users of the data should track the date of access and read the revisions section of the USNVC.org website to understand the current status of the classification. While USNVC data have undergone substantial review prior to posting, it is possible that some errors or inaccuracies have remained undetected.

For information on the process used to develop these descriptions see:

Faber-Langendoen, D., T. Keeler-Wolf, D. Meidinger, D. Tart, B. Hoagland, C. Josse, G. Navarro, S. Ponomarenko, J.-P. Saucier, A. Weakley, P. Comer. 2014. EcoVeg: A new approach to vegetation description and classification. Ecological Monographs 84:533-561 (erratum 85:473).

Franklin, S., D. Faber-Langendoen, M. Jennings, T. Keeler-Wolf, O. Loucks, A. McKerrow, R.K. Peet, and D. Roberts. 2012. Building the United States National Vegetation Classification. Annali di Botanica 2: 1-9.

Jennings, M. D., D. Faber-Langendoen, O. L. Louckes, R. K. Peet, and D. Roberts. 2009. Standards for associations and alliances of the U.S. National Vegetation Classification. Ecological Monographs 79(2):173-199.

FGDC [Federal Geographic Data Committee]. 2008. Vegetation Classification Standard, FGDC-STD-005, Version 2. Washington, DC., USA. [http://www.fgdc.gov/standards/projects/FGDC-standards-projects/vegetation/NVCS_V2_FINAL_2008-02.pdf]

For additional information contact:

  • Implementation of the U.S. National Vegetation Classification Standard - Alexa McKerrow (amckerrow@usgs.gov)
  • NatureServe's Development of NVC Type Descriptions - Don Faber-Langendoen (don_faber- langendoen@natureserve.org)
  • Ecological Society of America's Review of the Type Descriptions Scott.Franklin@unco.edu
  • Federal Geographic Data Committee - Vegetation Subcommittee's Activities - Marianne Burke (mburke@fs.fed.us)
We have incorporated significant descriptive information previously compiled by Jon Ambrose.