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Alliance Detail Report: A3401
Eleocharis elongata - Eleocharis equisetoides - Fuirena scirpoidea Interdunal Marsh Alliance

The U.S. National
Vegetation Classification
This diverse alliance of graminoid marsh vegetation is dominated by graminoid species, including Andropogon brachystachyus, Carex hyalinolepis, Cladium mariscus ssp. jamaicense, Eleocharis elongata, Eleocharis equisetoides, Eleocharis quadrangulata, Fuirena scirpoidea, Leptochloa fusca ssp. fascicularis, Muhlenbergia filipes, Panicum hemitomon, Panicum tenerum, Paspalum vaginatum, and Rhynchospora spp. It occurs in southern coastal interdunal swales.
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Translated Name:Slim Spikerush - Horsetail Spikerush - Southern Umbrella-sedge Interdunal Marsh Alliance
Colloquial Name:Southern Interdunal Spikerush Marsh
Dominant species in this diverse alliance of graminoid marsh vegetation include Andropogon brachystachyus, Carex hyalinolepis, Cladium mariscus ssp. jamaicense, Eleocharis elongata, Eleocharis equisetoides, Eleocharis quadrangulata, Fuirena scirpoidea, Leptochloa fusca ssp. fascicularis, Muhlenbergia filipes, Panicum hemitomon, Panicum tenerum, Paspalum vaginatum, and Rhynchospora spp. This alliance occurs in southern coastal interdunal swales. These sites are not subject to regular tides, but may be exposed to saltwater from storm surges and seasonal high tides.
No Data Available
This vegetation does not include coastal marshes dominated by Fimbristylis castanea, Schoenoplectus pungens, Spartina bakeri, or Typha domingensis which are included in other alliances of southern coastal interdunal swale vegetation.
Synonomy: < Coastal Interdunal Swale (FNAI 2010a)

Related Type Name:

Short Citation:
  • Faber-Langendoen et al. 2017b
  • FNAI 2010a
States/Provinces:AL, FL, GA, LA?, MS?, NC, SC, TX, VA
Nations:US
Range:This alliance occurs along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts, from Virginia to Florida, Alabama and Texas.
US Forest Service Ecoregions
Domain Name:
Division Name:
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Province Code:   Occurrence Status:
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The vegetation is dominated by graminoid herb species.
This diverse alliance of marsh vegetation is dominated by various graminoids such as ~Andropogon brachystachyus, Carex hyalinolepis, Cladium mariscus ssp. jamaicense, Eleocharis elongata, Eleocharis equisetoides, Eleocharis quadrangulata, Fuirena scirpoidea, Leptochloa fusca ssp. fascicularis, Muhlenbergia filipes, Panicum hemitomon, Panicum tenerum, Paspalum vaginatum, and Rhynchospora spp. This vegetation does not include coastal marshes dominated by Fimbristylis castanea, Schoenoplectus pungens, Spartina bakeri, or Typha domingensis.
The vegetation of this alliance occurs in southern coastal interdune swales.
Low - Poorly Documented
This vegetation occurs in southern coastal interdunal swales. These sites are not subject to regular tides, but may be exposed to saltwater from storm surges and seasonal high tides. High wind and storm surges can alter the position of dunes and swales. These are dynamic landforms which change as part of natural coastal processes.
Authors:
C. Nordman      Version Date: 08Jan2014


References:
  • Faber-Langendoen, D., J. Drake, M. Hall, G. Kittel, S. Menard, C. Nordman, M. Pyne, M. Reid, M. Russo, K. Schulz, L. Sneddon, K. Snow, and J. Teague. 2013-2017b. Screening alliances for induction into the U.S. National Vegetation Classification: Part 1 - Alliance concept review. NatureServe, Arlington, VA.
  • FNAI [Florida Natural Areas Inventory]. 2010a. Guide to the natural communities of Florida: 2010 edition. Florida Natural Areas Inventory, Tallahassee, FL.


USNVC Credits: Detailed Description of the National Vegetation Classification Types

Date Accessed:

To cite a description:
Author(s). publicationYear. Description Title [last revised revisionDate]. United States National Vegetation Classification. Federal Geographic Data Committee, Washington, D.C.

About spatial standards:
The United States Federal Geographic Data Committee (hereafter called the FGDC) is tasked to develop geospatial data standards that will enable sharing of spatial data among producers and users and support the growing National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI), acting under the Office of Management Budget (OMB) Circular A-16 (OMB 1990, 2000) and Executive Order #12906 (Clinton 1994) as amended by Executive Order #13286 (Bush 2003). FGDC subcommittees and working groups, in consultation and cooperation with state, local, tribal, private, academic, and international communities, develop standards for the content, quality, and transferability of geospatial data. FGDC standards are developed through a structured process, integrated with one another to the extent possible, supportable by the current vendor community (but are independent of specific technologies), and publicly available.

About this document
This document contains type descriptions at the Alliance level of the U.S. National Vegetation Classification. These descriptions were primarily written by NatureServe ecologists in collaboration with Federal Geographic Data Committee Vegetation Subcommittee and a wide variety of state, federal and private partners as a part of the implementation of the National Vegetation Classification. Formation descriptions were written by the Hierarchy Revisions Working Group. The descriptions are based on consultation with natural resource professionals, published literature, and other vegetation classification systems. The Ecological Society of America's Panel on Vegetation Classification is responsible for managing the review and formal adoption of these types into the National Vegetation Classification. Partners involved in the implementation of the USNVC include:

U.S. Government
  • Department of Agriculture (USDA)
  • Department of Commerce (DOC)
  • Department of Defense (DOD)
  • Department of the Interior (USDI)
  • Forest Service (FS) - Chair
  • National Agriculture Statistical Service (NASS)
  • Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
  • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
  • National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS)
  • U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE)
  • U.S. Navy (NAVY)
  • Bureau of Land Management (BLM)
  • Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS)
  • National Park Service (NPS)
  • U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
  • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Non U.S. Government
  • NatureServe (NS)
  • Ecological Society of America (ESA)

Disclaimer:
Given the dynamic nature of the standard, it is possible a type description is incomplete or in revision at the time of download; therefore, users of the data should track the date of access and read the revisions section of the USNVC.org website to understand the current status of the classification. While USNVC data have undergone substantial review prior to posting, it is possible that some errors or inaccuracies have remained undetected.

For information on the process used to develop these descriptions see:

Faber-Langendoen, D., T. Keeler-Wolf, D. Meidinger, D. Tart, B. Hoagland, C. Josse, G. Navarro, S. Ponomarenko, J.-P. Saucier, A. Weakley, P. Comer. 2014. EcoVeg: A new approach to vegetation description and classification. Ecological Monographs 84:533-561 (erratum 85:473).

Franklin, S., D. Faber-Langendoen, M. Jennings, T. Keeler-Wolf, O. Loucks, A. McKerrow, R.K. Peet, and D. Roberts. 2012. Building the United States National Vegetation Classification. Annali di Botanica 2: 1-9.

Jennings, M. D., D. Faber-Langendoen, O. L. Louckes, R. K. Peet, and D. Roberts. 2009. Standards for associations and alliances of the U.S. National Vegetation Classification. Ecological Monographs 79(2):173-199.

FGDC [Federal Geographic Data Committee]. 2008. Vegetation Classification Standard, FGDC-STD-005, Version 2. Washington, DC., USA. [http://www.fgdc.gov/standards/projects/FGDC-standards-projects/vegetation/NVCS_V2_FINAL_2008-02.pdf]

For additional information contact:

  • Implementation of the U.S. National Vegetation Classification Standard - Alexa McKerrow (amckerrow@usgs.gov)
  • NatureServe's Development of NVC Type Descriptions - Don Faber-Langendoen (don_faber- langendoen@natureserve.org)
  • Ecological Society of America's Review of the Type Descriptions Scott.Franklin@unco.edu
  • Federal Geographic Data Committee - Vegetation Subcommittee's Activities - Marianne Burke (mburke@fs.fed.us)