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Alliance Detail Report: A3399
Typha domingensis Coastal Marsh Alliance

The U.S. National
Vegetation Classification
This alliance includes temperate, non-tidal wetlands dominated by Typha domingensis, such as wet parts of non-tidal interdune ponds with brackish water from hurricane flooding, storm tides, or island seawater overwash, and occurs in coastal areas of the southeastern United States from North Carolina to Florida and Texas.
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Translated Name:Southern Cattail Coastal Marsh Alliance
Colloquial Name:Southern Cattail Coastal Marsh
This alliance includes temperate, non-tidal wetlands dominated by Typha domingensis. This includes wet parts of non-tidal interdune ponds with brackish water from hurricane flooding, storm tides, or island overwash. Other characteristic species may include Setaria magna and Cyperus spp. This alliance can be zonal with other vegetation, including Leptochloa fusca ssp. fascicularis (= Leptochloa fascicularis var. maritima) and Phragmites australis. This alliance occurs in coastal areas of the Southeast from North Carolina to Florida and Texas.
Coastal wetlands dominated by Typha domingensis. Typically these are interdunal ponds which get occasional brackish water from hurricane flooding, storm tides, or island overwash. This vegetation occurs in the southeastern United States from North Carolina to Florida and Texas.
This alliance is limited to coastal areas from North Carolina to Florida and Texas. Vegetation dominated by Typha domingensis in the western U.S. is not included here.
Synonomy: < Coastal Interdunal Swale (FNAI 2010a)

Related Type Name:Other Typha alliances do not occur in coastal areas of the southeastern United States, they occur in the Great Plains, western United States or even Alaska.

Short Citation:
  • Faber-Langendoen et al. 2017b
  • FNAI 2010a
  • Nelson 1986
  • Schafale and Weakley 1990
States/Provinces:AL, FL, GA, LA, MS, NC, SC, TX
Nations:US
Range:This alliance occurs in coastal areas of the southeastern United States, including North Carolina, South Carolina, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, Mississippi, and Texas.
US Forest Service Ecoregions
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These are non-tidal wetlands, dominated by tall, graminoid species, with cover usually dense, and averaging over 2 m in height. Shorter graminoids and forbs may be present, but typically are not abundant due to the dense cover of the taller graminoid species. When there is standing water during the growing season, floating and submerged aquatic species may be present.
This alliance is characterized by the dominance of Typha domingensis, a tall graminoid species. Stands are often dense, with cover of Typha domingensis over 60%. Like other Typha species, this can form nearly monotypic stands. Other graminoids commonly present can include Cyperus spp., Eleocharis spp., Schoenoplectus acutus (= Scirpus acutus), Schoenoplectus americanus (= Scirpus americanus), Schoenoplectus pungens (= Scirpus pungens), or Setaria magna. When there is surface water, aquatic species such as Bacopa eisenii, Potamogeton spp., or Sagittaria spp. can also be present. This alliance can be zonal with other vegetation, including Leptochloa fusca ssp. fascicularis (= Leptochloa fascicularis var. maritima) and native or alien Phragmites australis.
These are temperate, non-tidal wetlands found mostly in coastal areas. In the Southeast, sites where the alliance is found include wet parts of non-tidal interdune ponds and mainland ponds, impoundments and tanks with brackish water from hurricane flooding, storm tides, or island overwash. Usually if the water table is below the surface, capillary action will keep the soil saturated to the surface. Soils may be slightly saline, but not strongly so. Typha domingensis is more tolerant of alkaline conditions than Typha latifolia.
Low
Drainage, urban stormwater runoff, and diversion of water could limit or impact stands of this alliance. Marshes such as these are important for rails, blackbirds and marsh wrens, as well as other many other birds.
Authors:
C. Nordman      Version Date: 08Jan2014


References:
  • Faber-Langendoen, D., J. Drake, M. Hall, G. Kittel, S. Menard, C. Nordman, M. Pyne, M. Reid, M. Russo, K. Schulz, L. Sneddon, K. Snow, and J. Teague. 2013-2017b. Screening alliances for induction into the U.S. National Vegetation Classification: Part 1 - Alliance concept review. NatureServe, Arlington, VA.
  • FNAI [Florida Natural Areas Inventory]. 2010a. Guide to the natural communities of Florida: 2010 edition. Florida Natural Areas Inventory, Tallahassee, FL.
  • Nelson, J. B. 1986. The natural communities of South Carolina: Initial classification and description. South Carolina Wildlife and Marine Resources Department, Division of Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries, Columbia, SC. 55 pp.
  • Schafale, M. P., and A. S. Weakley. 1990. Classification of the natural communities of North Carolina. Third approximation. North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, Division of Parks and Recreation, Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh. 325 pp.


USNVC Credits: Detailed Description of the National Vegetation Classification Types

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To cite a description:
Author(s). publicationYear. Description Title [last revised revisionDate]. United States National Vegetation Classification. Federal Geographic Data Committee, Washington, D.C.

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About this document
This document contains type descriptions at the Alliance level of the U.S. National Vegetation Classification. These descriptions were primarily written by NatureServe ecologists in collaboration with Federal Geographic Data Committee Vegetation Subcommittee and a wide variety of state, federal and private partners as a part of the implementation of the National Vegetation Classification. Formation descriptions were written by the Hierarchy Revisions Working Group. The descriptions are based on consultation with natural resource professionals, published literature, and other vegetation classification systems. The Ecological Society of America's Panel on Vegetation Classification is responsible for managing the review and formal adoption of these types into the National Vegetation Classification. Partners involved in the implementation of the USNVC include:

U.S. Government
  • Department of Agriculture (USDA)
  • Department of Commerce (DOC)
  • Department of Defense (DOD)
  • Department of the Interior (USDI)
  • Forest Service (FS) - Chair
  • National Agriculture Statistical Service (NASS)
  • Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
  • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
  • National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS)
  • U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE)
  • U.S. Navy (NAVY)
  • Bureau of Land Management (BLM)
  • Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS)
  • National Park Service (NPS)
  • U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
  • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Non U.S. Government
  • NatureServe (NS)
  • Ecological Society of America (ESA)

Disclaimer:
Given the dynamic nature of the standard, it is possible a type description is incomplete or in revision at the time of download; therefore, users of the data should track the date of access and read the revisions section of the USNVC.org website to understand the current status of the classification. While USNVC data have undergone substantial review prior to posting, it is possible that some errors or inaccuracies have remained undetected.

For information on the process used to develop these descriptions see:

Faber-Langendoen, D., T. Keeler-Wolf, D. Meidinger, D. Tart, B. Hoagland, C. Josse, G. Navarro, S. Ponomarenko, J.-P. Saucier, A. Weakley, P. Comer. 2014. EcoVeg: A new approach to vegetation description and classification. Ecological Monographs 84:533-561 (erratum 85:473).

Franklin, S., D. Faber-Langendoen, M. Jennings, T. Keeler-Wolf, O. Loucks, A. McKerrow, R.K. Peet, and D. Roberts. 2012. Building the United States National Vegetation Classification. Annali di Botanica 2: 1-9.

Jennings, M. D., D. Faber-Langendoen, O. L. Louckes, R. K. Peet, and D. Roberts. 2009. Standards for associations and alliances of the U.S. National Vegetation Classification. Ecological Monographs 79(2):173-199.

FGDC [Federal Geographic Data Committee]. 2008. Vegetation Classification Standard, FGDC-STD-005, Version 2. Washington, DC., USA. [http://www.fgdc.gov/standards/projects/FGDC-standards-projects/vegetation/NVCS_V2_FINAL_2008-02.pdf]

For additional information contact:

  • Implementation of the U.S. National Vegetation Classification Standard - Alexa McKerrow (amckerrow@usgs.gov)
  • NatureServe's Development of NVC Type Descriptions - Don Faber-Langendoen (don_faber- langendoen@natureserve.org)
  • Ecological Society of America's Review of the Type Descriptions Scott.Franklin@unco.edu
  • Federal Geographic Data Committee - Vegetation Subcommittee's Activities - Marianne Burke (mburke@fs.fed.us)