Invalid Unit Specified
Alliance Detail Report: A1389
Spartina bakeri Coastal Marsh Alliance

The U.S. National
Vegetation Classification
This alliance consists of seasonally flooded coastal interdunal swales of the Florida peninsula dominated by Spartina bakeri often with Muhlenbergia filipes (which may be codominant), Andropogon glomeratus, Aristida sp., Cladium mariscus ssp. jamaicense, Eupatorium mikanioides, Phyla nodiflora, Pluchea rosea, Rhynchospora colorata, Sabatia stellaris, Sagittaria lancifolia, and Setaria magna.
Collapse All::Expand All
Translated Name:Sand Cordgrass Coastal Marsh Alliance
Colloquial Name:Sand Cordgrass Coastal Marsh
This alliance consists of seasonally flooded graminoid wetlands with substantial cover of or dominated by Spartina bakeri. Seasonally flooded coastal interdunal swales of the Florida peninsula dominated by Spartina bakeri may also contain Muhlenbergia filipes (which may be codominant), Andropogon glomeratus, Aristida sp., Cladium mariscus ssp. jamaicense, Eupatorium mikanioides, Phyla nodiflora, Pluchea rosea, Rhynchospora colorata, Sabatia stellaris, Sagittaria lancifolia, and Setaria magna. Additional herbaceous species in South Carolina Spartina bakeri ponds may include Cyperus odoratus, Hibiscus moscheutos, Juncus effusus, Juncus roemerianus, Panicum virgatum, Saccharum giganteum, and Woodwardia virginica. Hibiscus grandiflorus is reported from some associations. These areas are not tidally flooded, but are apparently maintained as marsh by occasional flooding by brackish water during severe storm tides in hurricane events. These storm flooding events maintain brackish soil conditions.
Coastal seasonally flooded, non-tidal marsh dominated by Spartina bakeri.
Coastal marsh dominated by Spartina bakeri. These areas are not tidally flooded but are apparently maintained as marsh by occasional flooding by brackish water during severe storm tides (in hurricane events). These storm flooding events maintain brackish soil conditions.
Synonomy: >< Coastal Interdunal Swale (FNAI 1992a)

Related Type Name:A1389 is a non-tidal marsh, A1479 is tidal.

Short Citation:
  • Faber-Langendoen et al. 2017b
  • FNAI 1992a
  • Laessle 1942
  • Wolfe 1990
States/Provinces:FL, GA, SC
Nations:US
Range:Southeastern coastal areas, Florida, Georgia, and South Carolina.
US Forest Service Ecoregions
Domain Name:
Division Name:
Province Name:
Province Code:   Occurrence Status:
Section Name:
Section Code:     Occurrence Status:
These are depression marshes dominated by graminoid herbs, especially Spartina bakeri. Other graminoid and forb species are present.
This alliance consists of seasonally flooded wetlands dominated by Spartina bakeri, or at least with substantial cover of it. Seasonally flooded coastal interdunal swales of the Florida peninsula dominated by Spartina bakeri may also contain Muhlenbergia filipes (which may be codominant), Andropogon glomeratus, Aristida sp., Cladium mariscus ssp. jamaicense, Eupatorium mikanioides, Phyla nodiflora, Pluchea rosea, Rhynchospora colorata, Sabatia stellaris, Sagittaria lancifolia, and Setaria magna. Additional herbaceous species in South Carolina Spartina bakeri ponds may include Cyperus odoratus, Hibiscus moscheutos, Juncus effusus, Juncus roemerianus, Panicum virgatum, Saccharum giganteum, and Woodwardia virginica. Hibiscus grandiflorus is reported from some associations.
This alliance consists of seasonally flooded wetlands and seasonally flooded coastal interdunal swales. These areas are not tidally flooded, but are apparently maintained as marsh by occasional flooding by brackish water during severe storm tides in hurricane events. These storm flooding events maintain brackish soil conditions.
Moderate
This alliance consists of seasonally flooded wetlands and seasonally flooded coastal interdunal swales. These areas are not tidally flooded, but are apparently maintained as marsh by occasional flooding by brackish water during severe storm tides in hurricane events. These storm flooding events maintain brackish soil conditions.
Authors:
C. Nordman and A.S. Weakley      Version Date: 08Jan2014


References:
  • Faber-Langendoen, D., J. Drake, M. Hall, G. Kittel, S. Menard, C. Nordman, M. Pyne, M. Reid, M. Russo, K. Schulz, L. Sneddon, K. Snow, and J. Teague. 2013-2017b. Screening alliances for induction into the U.S. National Vegetation Classification: Part 1 - Alliance concept review. NatureServe, Arlington, VA.
  • FNAI [Florida Natural Areas Inventory]. 1992a. Natural communities. Unpublished document. The Nature Conservancy, Florida Natural Areas Inventory, Tallahassee. 6 pp.
  • Laessle, A. M. 1942. Plant communities of the Welaka area. University of Florida Biological Sciences Series No. 4. 143 pp.
  • Wolfe, S. H., editor. 1990. An ecological characterization of the Florida Springs Coast: Pithlachascotee to Waccasassa rivers. USDI Fish & Wildlife Service, Biological Report 90(21). Slidell, LA. 323 pp.


USNVC Credits: Detailed Description of the National Vegetation Classification Types

Date Accessed:

To cite a description:
Author(s). publicationYear. Description Title [last revised revisionDate]. United States National Vegetation Classification. Federal Geographic Data Committee, Washington, D.C.

About spatial standards:
The United States Federal Geographic Data Committee (hereafter called the FGDC) is tasked to develop geospatial data standards that will enable sharing of spatial data among producers and users and support the growing National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI), acting under the Office of Management Budget (OMB) Circular A-16 (OMB 1990, 2000) and Executive Order #12906 (Clinton 1994) as amended by Executive Order #13286 (Bush 2003). FGDC subcommittees and working groups, in consultation and cooperation with state, local, tribal, private, academic, and international communities, develop standards for the content, quality, and transferability of geospatial data. FGDC standards are developed through a structured process, integrated with one another to the extent possible, supportable by the current vendor community (but are independent of specific technologies), and publicly available.

About this document
This document contains type descriptions at the Alliance level of the U.S. National Vegetation Classification. These descriptions were primarily written by NatureServe ecologists in collaboration with Federal Geographic Data Committee Vegetation Subcommittee and a wide variety of state, federal and private partners as a part of the implementation of the National Vegetation Classification. Formation descriptions were written by the Hierarchy Revisions Working Group. The descriptions are based on consultation with natural resource professionals, published literature, and other vegetation classification systems. The Ecological Society of America's Panel on Vegetation Classification is responsible for managing the review and formal adoption of these types into the National Vegetation Classification. Partners involved in the implementation of the USNVC include:

U.S. Government
  • Department of Agriculture (USDA)
  • Department of Commerce (DOC)
  • Department of Defense (DOD)
  • Department of the Interior (USDI)
  • Forest Service (FS) - Chair
  • National Agriculture Statistical Service (NASS)
  • Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
  • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
  • National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS)
  • U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE)
  • U.S. Navy (NAVY)
  • Bureau of Land Management (BLM)
  • Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS)
  • National Park Service (NPS)
  • U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
  • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Non U.S. Government
  • NatureServe (NS)
  • Ecological Society of America (ESA)

Disclaimer:
Given the dynamic nature of the standard, it is possible a type description is incomplete or in revision at the time of download; therefore, users of the data should track the date of access and read the revisions section of the USNVC.org website to understand the current status of the classification. While USNVC data have undergone substantial review prior to posting, it is possible that some errors or inaccuracies have remained undetected.

For information on the process used to develop these descriptions see:

Faber-Langendoen, D., T. Keeler-Wolf, D. Meidinger, D. Tart, B. Hoagland, C. Josse, G. Navarro, S. Ponomarenko, J.-P. Saucier, A. Weakley, P. Comer. 2014. EcoVeg: A new approach to vegetation description and classification. Ecological Monographs 84:533-561 (erratum 85:473).

Franklin, S., D. Faber-Langendoen, M. Jennings, T. Keeler-Wolf, O. Loucks, A. McKerrow, R.K. Peet, and D. Roberts. 2012. Building the United States National Vegetation Classification. Annali di Botanica 2: 1-9.

Jennings, M. D., D. Faber-Langendoen, O. L. Louckes, R. K. Peet, and D. Roberts. 2009. Standards for associations and alliances of the U.S. National Vegetation Classification. Ecological Monographs 79(2):173-199.

FGDC [Federal Geographic Data Committee]. 2008. Vegetation Classification Standard, FGDC-STD-005, Version 2. Washington, DC., USA. [http://www.fgdc.gov/standards/projects/FGDC-standards-projects/vegetation/NVCS_V2_FINAL_2008-02.pdf]

For additional information contact:

  • Implementation of the U.S. National Vegetation Classification Standard - Alexa McKerrow (amckerrow@usgs.gov)
  • NatureServe's Development of NVC Type Descriptions - Don Faber-Langendoen (don_faber- langendoen@natureserve.org)
  • Ecological Society of America's Review of the Type Descriptions Scott.Franklin@unco.edu
  • Federal Geographic Data Committee - Vegetation Subcommittee's Activities - Marianne Burke (mburke@fs.fed.us)