Invalid Unit Specified
Association Detail Report: CEGL004745
Fagus grandifolia - Carya spp. / (Acer negundo, Magnolia macrophylla, Tilia americana var. heterophylla) Floodplain Forest

The U.S. National
Vegetation Classification
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Translated Name:American Beech - Hickory species / (Box-elder, Bigleaf Magnolia, Appalachian Basswood) Floodplain Forest
Colloquial Name:East Gulf Coastal Plain Beech Floodplain Forest
The canopy of stands of this floodplain forest of the East Gulf and Upper East Gulf coastal plains is strongly dominated by Fagus grandifolia. Other canopy trees include Carya ovalis, Carya carolinae-septentrionalis, and Ulmus americana. The subcanopy may contain Acer negundo, Magnolia macrophylla, and/or Tilia americana var. heterophylla, but any of these species may not be present in all examples, as their ranges rarely overlap. Stands would typically contain lower coverage of other hardwoods typical of upper floodplain terraces in this region, such as Liquidambar styraciflua, Quercus michauxii, Quercus nigra, and Quercus shumardii. Shrubs include Halesia diptera, Ulmus alata, Arundinaria gigantea (which may have high cover), Sabal minor, Toxicodendron radicans, Bignonia capreolata, Parthenocissus quinquefolia, and Lindera benzoin. Some herbs include Trillium decipiens, Carex granularis, Arisaema dracontium, Arisaema triphyllum, Dioscorea quaternata, Maianthemum racemosum, Eupatorium fistulosum, Botrychium virginianum, Onoclea sensibilis, Pleopeltis polypodioides, Polystichum acrostichoides, and Geranium maculatum.
No Data Available
Liriodendron tulipifera and Betula nigra may be present in stands of this community, but they are not characteristic species.
Synonomy:

Related Type Name:

Short Citation:
  • NatureServe Ecology - Southeastern U.S. unpubl. data
  • Nordman et al. 2011
  • Southeastern Ecology Working Group n.d.
States/Provinces:AL, GA, MS, TN
Nations:US
Range:These beech-dominated floodplain forests are found in the East Gulf and Upper East Gulf coastal plains.
US Forest Service Ecoregions
Domain Name:
Division Name:
Province Name:Southeastern Mixed Forest Province
Province Code:231   Occurrence Status:Confident or certain
Section Name:Upper Gulf Coastal Plain Section
Section Code:222C     Occurrence Status:Confident or certain
No Data Available
This floodplain forest of the East Gulf and Upper East Gulf coastal plains is strongly dominated by Fagus grandifolia. Other canopy trees include Carya ovalis, Carya carolinae-septentrionalis, and Ulmus americana. The subcanopy of examples from Fort Benning, Georgia, contains Acer negundo, Magnolia macrophylla, and Tilia americana var. heterophylla, but any of these species may not be present in all examples, as their ranges rarely overlap. For example, Tilia americana var. heterophylla ranges south down the Chattahoochee River but is absent from parts of the putative range of this type to the east and west. Stands could contain lower coverage of other hardwoods typical of upper floodplain terraces in this region, such as Liquidambar styraciflua, Quercus michauxii, Quercus nigra, and Quercus shumardii. Although they may be present, Liriodendron tulipifera and Betula nigra are not characteristic of this community. Shrubs include Halesia diptera, Ulmus alata, Arundinaria gigantea (which may have high cover), Sabal minor, Toxicodendron radicans, Bignonia capreolata, Parthenocissus quinquefolia, and Lindera benzoin. Some herbs include Trillium decipiens, Carex granularis, Arisaema dracontium, Arisaema triphyllum, Dioscorea quaternata, Maianthemum racemosum, Eupatorium fistulosum, Botrychium virginianum, Onoclea sensibilis, Pleopeltis polypodioides, Polystichum acrostichoides, and Geranium maculatum.
This is a floodplain forest of the East Gulf and Upper East Gulf coastal plains.
Low - Poorly Documented
No Data Available
Authors:
M. Pyne      Version Date: 19Aug2002


References:
  • NatureServe Ecology - Southeastern United States. No date. Unpublished data. NatureServe, Durham, NC.
  • Nordman, C., M. Russo, and L. Smart. 2011. Vegetation types of the Natchez Trace Parkway, based on the U.S. National Vegetation Classification. NatureServe Central Databases (International Ecological Classification Standard: Terrestrial Ecological Classifications). Arlington, VA. Data current as of 11 April 2011. 548 pp.
  • Southeastern Ecology Working Group of NatureServe. No date. International Ecological Classification Standard: International Vegetation Classification. Terrestrial Vegetation. NatureServe, Durham, NC.


USNVC Credits: Detailed Description of the National Vegetation Classification Types

Date Accessed:

To cite a description:
Author(s). publicationYear. Description Title [last revised revisionDate]. United States National Vegetation Classification. Federal Geographic Data Committee, Washington, D.C.

About spatial standards:
The United States Federal Geographic Data Committee (hereafter called the FGDC) is tasked to develop geospatial data standards that will enable sharing of spatial data among producers and users and support the growing National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI), acting under the Office of Management Budget (OMB) Circular A-16 (OMB 1990, 2000) and Executive Order #12906 (Clinton 1994) as amended by Executive Order #13286 (Bush 2003). FGDC subcommittees and working groups, in consultation and cooperation with state, local, tribal, private, academic, and international communities, develop standards for the content, quality, and transferability of geospatial data. FGDC standards are developed through a structured process, integrated with one another to the extent possible, supportable by the current vendor community (but are independent of specific technologies), and publicly available.

About this document
This document contains type descriptions at the Association level of the U.S. National Vegetation Classification. These descriptions were primarily written by NatureServe ecologists in collaboration with Federal Geographic Data Committee Vegetation Subcommittee and a wide variety of state, federal and private partners as a part of the implementation of the National Vegetation Classification. Formation descriptions were written by the Hierarchy Revisions Working Group. The descriptions are based on consultation with natural resource professionals, published literature, and other vegetation classification systems. The Ecological Society of America's Panel on Vegetation Classification is responsible for managing the review and formal adoption of these types into the National Vegetation Classification. Partners involved in the implementation of the USNVC include:

U.S. Government
  • Department of Agriculture (USDA)
  • Department of Commerce (DOC)
  • Department of Defense (DOD)
  • Department of the Interior (USDI)
  • Forest Service (FS) - Chair
  • National Agriculture Statistical Service (NASS)
  • Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
  • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
  • National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS)
  • U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE)
  • U.S. Navy (NAVY)
  • Bureau of Land Management (BLM)
  • Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS)
  • National Park Service (NPS)
  • U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
  • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Non U.S. Government
  • NatureServe (NS)
  • Ecological Society of America (ESA)

Disclaimer:
Given the dynamic nature of the standard, it is possible a type description is incomplete or in revision at the time of download; therefore, users of the data should track the date of access and read the revisions section of the USNVC.org website to understand the current status of the classification. While USNVC data have undergone substantial review prior to posting, it is possible that some errors or inaccuracies have remained undetected.

For information on the process used to develop these descriptions see:

Faber-Langendoen, D., T. Keeler-Wolf, D. Meidinger, D. Tart, B. Hoagland, C. Josse, G. Navarro, S. Ponomarenko, J.-P. Saucier, A. Weakley, P. Comer. 2014. EcoVeg: A new approach to vegetation description and classification. Ecological Monographs 84:533-561 (erratum 85:473).

Franklin, S., D. Faber-Langendoen, M. Jennings, T. Keeler-Wolf, O. Loucks, A. McKerrow, R.K. Peet, and D. Roberts. 2012. Building the United States National Vegetation Classification. Annali di Botanica 2: 1-9.

Jennings, M. D., D. Faber-Langendoen, O. L. Louckes, R. K. Peet, and D. Roberts. 2009. Standards for associations and alliances of the U.S. National Vegetation Classification. Ecological Monographs 79(2):173-199.

FGDC [Federal Geographic Data Committee]. 2008. Vegetation Classification Standard, FGDC-STD-005, Version 2. Washington, DC., USA. [http://www.fgdc.gov/standards/projects/FGDC-standards-projects/vegetation/NVCS_V2_FINAL_2008-02.pdf]

For additional information contact:

  • Implementation of the U.S. National Vegetation Classification Standard - Alexa McKerrow (amckerrow@usgs.gov)
  • NatureServe's Development of NVC Type Descriptions - Don Faber-Langendoen (don_faber- langendoen@natureserve.org)
  • Ecological Society of America's Review of the Type Descriptions Scott.Franklin@unco.edu
  • Federal Geographic Data Committee - Vegetation Subcommittee's Activities - Marianne Burke (mburke@fs.fed.us)