Invalid Unit Specified
CEGL003790 Fimbristylis castanea - Schoenoplectus pungens Marsh

The U.S. National
Vegetation Classification
Type Concept Sentence:
Collapse All::Expand All
Common (Translated Scientific) Name: Marsh Fimbry - Common Threesquare Marsh
Colloquial Name:
Hierarchy Level: Association
Type Concept: This interdunal pond or wet swale community represents vegetation dominated by Fimbristylis castanea and Schoenoplectus pungens although relative dominance varies seasonally complicating characterization of this type. Characteristic species include Schoenoplectus pungens (= Scirpus pungens) in association with Spartina patens and Fimbristylis castanea. There is usually standing water present in these swales in the spring, when Schoenoplectus pungens is generally dominant with few other associates except species of Eleocharis. By late summer other species such as Fimbristylis castanea contribute more substantial cover. Diagnostic species are Schoenoplectus pungens, Fimbristylis castanea, and Spartina patens.
Diagnostic Characteristics: No Data Available
Rationale for Nominal Species or Physiognomic Features:
Classification Comments: This type may possibly occur at Onslow County pond (M. Schafale pers. comm.).
Similar NVC Types:
Fimbristylis castanea - Paspalum distichum Marsh, note: of Florida.
Schoenoplectus pungens - Fimbristylis (castanea, caroliniana) Marsh, note: of Chesapeake and Delaware drainages to the north.
Physiognomy and Structure: No Data Available
Floristics: Characteristic species include Schoenoplectus pungens (= Scirpus pungens) in association with Spartina patens and Fimbristylis castanea. There is usually standing water present in these swales in the spring, when Schoenoplectus pungens is generally dominant with few other associates except species of Eleocharis. By late summer other species such as Fimbristylis castanea contribute more substantial cover. Diagnostic species are Schoenoplectus pungens, Fimbristylis castanea, and Spartina patens. Relative dominance of the dominant species varies from season to season, complicating characterization of this type.
Dynamics: No Data Available
Environmental Description: This vegetation is found in interdunal swales.
Geographic Range: Fimbristylis castanea ranges along coasts from North Carolina (Au 1974) south to Florida, Texas, Mexico (Gulf and Pacific coasts), and the West Indies (Sauer 1967). This placeholder would cover the range between Virginia and Florida (i.e., Georgia and the Carolinas).
Nations: US
States/Provinces: GA?, NC, SC?
US Forest Service Ecoregions (1994/1995)
Domain Name:
Division Name:
Province Name: Outer Coastal Plain Mixed Forest Province
Province Code: 232    Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Atlantic Coastal Flatwoods Section
Section Code: 232C     Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Omernik Ecoregions:
Confidence Level: Moderate
Confidence Level Comments:
Grank: GNR
Greasons:
Concept Lineage:
Predecessors:
Obsolete Names:
Obsolete Parents:
Synonomy: = Dune Marsh (Au 1974)
Concept Author(s): M. Pyne
Author of Description: M. Pyne
Acknowledgements:
Version Date: 21May2002
References:
  • Au, S. 1974. Vegetation and ecological processes on Shackleford Bank, North Carolina. USDI National Park Service, Scientific Monograph No. 6.
  • Hillestad, H. O., J. R. Bozeman, A. S. Johnson, C. W. Berisford, and J. I. Richardson. 1975. The ecology of the Cumberland Island National Seashore, Camden County, Georgia. Technical Report Series No. 75-5. Georgia Marine Sciences Center, Skidway Island, GA.
  • Sauer, J. D. 1967. Geographic reconnaissance of seashore vegetation along the Mexican Gulf Coast. Louisiana State University Press, Coastal Studies Series No. 21, Baton Rouge.
  • Schafale, M. P. 2012. Classification of the natural communities of North Carolina, 4th Approximation. North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, Division of Parks and Recreation, Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh.
  • Schafale, M. P., and A. S. Weakley. 1990. Classification of the natural communities of North Carolina. Third approximation. North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, Division of Parks and Recreation, Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh. 325 pp.
  • Schafale, Mike P. Personal communication. Ecologist, North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, Division of Parks and Recreation, Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh.
  • Southeastern Ecology Working Group of NatureServe. No date. International Ecological Classification Standard: International Vegetation Classification. Terrestrial Vegetation. NatureServe, Durham, NC.