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CEGL003859 Fagus grandifolia - Quercus alba / Symplocos tinctoria East Gulf Coastal Plain Forest

The U.S. National
Vegetation Classification
Type Concept Sentence:
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Common (Translated Scientific) Name: American Beech - White Oak / Horsesugar East Gulf Coastal Plain Forest
Colloquial Name: East Gulf Coastal Plain Dry Beech - White Oak Forest
Hierarchy Level: Association
Type Concept: This association is a dry-mesic forest of sandy slopes along ravines in the East Gulf Coastal Plain. These forests are very distinct from the richer beech-white oak forests, ~Fagus grandifolia - Quercus alba - Liquidambar styraciflua / Magnolia grandiflora / Smilax pumila Forest (CEGL007210)$$, of finer-textured soils in the nearby Upper East Gulf Coastal Plain (both of these at Fort Benning, Georgia). Stands of this association have canopies dominated by Fagus grandifolia and Quercus alba. Other characteristic canopy species include Quercus nigra, Quercus rubra (which is absent from or rare in the canopy, and would be more likely found in the subcanopy), Pinus taeda, Liriodendron tulipifera, and Liquidambar styraciflua. The subcanopy includes Carya pallida, Carya glabra, Quercus velutina, Quercus rubra, Quercus margarettiae, Magnolia virginiana, Cornus florida, Oxydendrum arboreum, Ilex opaca, Ilex coriacea, and Acer leucoderme. Shrubs include Hamamelis virginiana, Prunus umbellata, Kalmia latifolia, Morella caroliniensis, Symplocos tinctoria, Euonymus americanus, Hydrangea arborescens, Persea borbonia, Leucothoe axillaris, and Vitis rotundifolia. The herb layer is only moderately diverse with a variable composition that includes Tipularia discolor, Medeola virginiana, Galax urceolata, Hexastylis arifolia, Polystichum acrostichoides, Collinsonia serotina, Smilax pumila, Osmunda cinnamomea, and Carex abscondita.
Diagnostic Characteristics: No Data Available
Rationale for Nominal Species or Physiognomic Features:
Classification Comments: No Data Available
Similar NVC Types:
Fagus grandifolia - Quercus alba - Liquidambar styraciflua / Magnolia grandiflora / Smilax pumila Forest, note: of finer-textured soils in the nearby Upper East Gulf Coastal Plain.
Physiognomy and Structure: No Data Available
Floristics: The canopy of this association is typically dominated by Fagus grandifolia and Quercus alba. Other characteristic species include Quercus nigra, Quercus rubra (which is absent from or rare in the canopy, and would be more likely found in the subcanopy), Pinus taeda, Liriodendron tulipifera, and Liquidambar styraciflua. The subcanopy includes Carya pallida, Carya glabra, Quercus velutina, Quercus rubra, Quercus margarettiae, Magnolia virginiana, Cornus florida, Oxydendrum arboreum, Ilex opaca, Ilex coriacea, and Acer leucoderme. Shrubs include Hamamelis virginiana, Prunus umbellata, Kalmia latifolia, Morella caroliniensis, Symplocos tinctoria, Euonymus americanus, Hydrangea arborescens, Persea borbonia, Leucothoe axillaris, and Vitis rotundifolia. The herb layer is only moderately diverse with a variable composition that includes Tipularia discolor, Medeola virginiana, Galax urceolata, Hexastylis arifolia, Polystichum acrostichoides, Collinsonia serotina, Smilax pumila, Osmunda cinnamomea, and Carex abscondita.
Dynamics: No Data Available
Environmental Description: Stands of this association are found on dry-mesic sandy slopes along ravines in the East Gulf Coastal Plain of Georgia and possibly other adjacent states.
Geographic Range: This forest is found in the East Gulf Coastal Plain of Georgia (the western attenuated end of the Fall-line Sandhills) and possibly adjacent states. It could be found on sandy inclusions in the Upper East Gulf Coastal Plain of Alabama, but would be less likely there.
Nations: US
States/Provinces: AL, GA, SC?
US Forest Service Ecoregions (1994/1995)
Domain Name:
Division Name:
Province Name: Southeastern Mixed Forest Province
Province Code: 231    Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Coastal Plains and Flatwoods, Lower Section
Section Code: 232B     Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Omernik Ecoregions:
Confidence Level: Low - Poorly Documented
Confidence Level Comments:
Grank: G3G4
Greasons: Stands of this association are apparently restricted to dry-mesic sandy slopes along ravines in the East Gulf Coastal Plain. They are impacted by the removal of commercially valuable timber species, by erosion of the sandy substrate, or by the conversion of adjacent areas to planted pine stands. The final resolution of its rank and its rarity depends on the determination of its total global range.
Concept Lineage:
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Obsolete Names:
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Synonomy:
Concept Author(s): M. Pyne and J.A. Teague
Author of Description: M. Pyne
Acknowledgements:
Version Date: 19Aug2002
References:
  • NatureServe Ecology - Southeastern United States. No date. Unpublished data. NatureServe, Durham, NC.
  • Southeastern Ecology Working Group of NatureServe. No date. International Ecological Classification Standard: International Vegetation Classification. Terrestrial Vegetation. NatureServe, Durham, NC.