Common (Translated Scientific) Name: American Beech - Southern Sugar Maple / Pawpaw / Eastern Poison-ivy / Eastern Woodland Sedge Forest
Colloquial Name: Piedmont Beech Levee Forest
Hierarchy Level: Association
Type Concept: This association represents temporarily flooded levee forests in the Piedmont of North Carolina and perhaps elsewhere (e.g., Georgia, South Carolina) which are dominated by Fagus grandifolia. Other species noted in a stand from New Hope Creek, North Carolina, include Acer barbatum, Asimina triloba, Toxicodendron radicans, and Carex blanda.
Diagnostic Characteristics: No Data Available
Rationale for Nominal Species or Physiognomic Features:
Classification Comments: Initially described from New Hope Creek floodplain (Durham/Sanford Triassic Basin, Durham County, North Carolina, D. Allard pers. comm.). Compare with Beech floodplain from nearby Slate Belt, vicinity of Carrboro, NC (M. Pyne unpubl. data). Also some floristic information from TNC-SCS Piedmont meeting 2000 (R. Evans pers. comm. 2000).
Similar NVC Types:
Fagus grandifolia - Carya cordiformis - Quercus michauxii / Ilex opaca var. opaca / Podophyllum peltatum Forest, note:
Physiognomy and Structure: No Data Available
Floristics: The canopy of stands of this association are dominated by Fagus grandifolia. Other species noted in a stand from New Hope Creek, North Carolina (Piedmont, Triassic Basin), include Acer barbatum, Asimina triloba, Toxicodendron radicans, and Carex blanda. Similar vegetation from the floodplain of Morgan Creek, Orange County, NC (Piedmont, Carolina Slate Belt) is dominated by Fagus grandifolia, with Acer rubrum, Liquidambar styraciflua, Fraxinus pennsylvanica?, Quercus alba, Carya cordiformis or Carya ovalis, and Ulmus americana. The subcanopy is dominated by Fagus grandifolia and Carpinus caroliniana with Cornus florida and Acer rubrum? with Oxydendrum arboreum. Shrubs and vines include Aesculus sylvatica, Corylus americana, Rhododendron periclymenoides, and Hypericum nudiflorum, which is dominant in patches. Herbs include Carex laxiculmis (which is frequent to dominant), Luzula acuminata (dominant), Luzula echinata, Claytonia virginica (dominant), Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum, Polystichum acrostichoides, Epifagus virginiana, and Cardamine angustata. The invasive, alien exotics Elaeagnus umbellata and Lonicera japonica are also present (M. Pyne unpubl. data).
Dynamics: No Data Available
Environmental Description: This association represents temporarily flooded levee forests in the Piedmont of North Carolina and perhaps elsewhere (e.g., Georgia, South Carolina).
Geographic Range: This association occurs in the Piedmont of North Carolina and perhaps elsewhere (e.g., Georgia, South Carolina).
States/Provinces: GA, NC, SC
|US Forest Service Ecoregions (1994/1995)|
Southeastern Mixed Forest Province
Confident or certain
Southern Appalachian Piedmont Section
Confident or certain
Confidence Level: Low - Poorly Documented
Confidence Level Comments:
Concept Author(s): D.J. Allard
Author of Description: D.J. Allard
Version Date: 01May1994
- Allard, Dorothy. Personal communication. Ecologist.
- Pyne, Milo. Personal communication. Southeast Regional Ecologist. NatureServe, Southeast Regional Office, Durham, NC.
- Schafale, M. P. 2012. Classification of the natural communities of North Carolina, 4th Approximation. North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, Division of Parks and Recreation, Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh.
- Schafale, M. P., and A. S. Weakley. 1990. Classification of the natural communities of North Carolina. Third approximation. North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, Division of Parks and Recreation, Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh. 325 pp.
- Southeastern Ecology Working Group of NatureServe. No date. International Ecological Classification Standard: International Vegetation Classification. Terrestrial Vegetation. NatureServe, Durham, NC.