Invalid Unit Specified
CEGL007866 Fagus grandifolia - Liquidambar styraciflua - Quercus (michauxii, nigra) Forest

The U.S. National
Vegetation Classification
Type Concept Sentence:
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Common (Translated Scientific) Name: American Beech - Sweetgum - (Swamp Chestnut Oak, Water Oak) Forest
Colloquial Name: South Atlantic Coastal Plain Beech Floodplain Forest
Hierarchy Level: Association
Type Concept: This levee or terrace forest of the Atlantic Coastal Plain is dominated by Fagus grandifolia, with Liquidambar styraciflua and some combination of the nominal Quercus spp. (Quercus michauxii, Quercus nigra) often codominating. Although they may be present, Liriodendron tulipifera and Betula nigra are usually not dominants in this community. Ilex opaca var. opaca is a prominent component of the subcanopy. Shrubs present include Leucothoe axillaris, Symplocos tinctoria, and Vaccinium elliottii. Vines are prominent in examples of this association; these include Berchemia scandens, Gelsemium sempervirens, Smilax laurifolia, Toxicodendron radicans, and Vitis rotundifolia. Scattered patches of Arundinaria gigantea may occur in examples of this community. Herbaceous species common in this association include Carex spp. and Mitchella repens.
Diagnostic Characteristics: No Data Available
Rationale for Nominal Species or Physiognomic Features:
Classification Comments: The global range and range of variation of this community need to be further investigated.
Similar NVC Types:
Fagus grandifolia - Carya spp. / (Acer negundo, Magnolia macrophylla, Tilia americana var. heterophylla) Floodplain Forest, note:
Fagus grandifolia - Carya cordiformis - Quercus michauxii / Ilex opaca var. opaca / Podophyllum peltatum Forest, note:
Physiognomy and Structure: No Data Available
Floristics: This levee or terrace forest is dominated by Fagus grandifolia, with Liquidambar styraciflua and some combination of the nominal Quercus spp. (Quercus michauxii, Quercus nigra) often codominating. Although they may be present, Liriodendron tulipifera and Betula nigra are usually not dominants in this community. Ilex opaca var. opaca is a prominent component of the subcanopy. Shrubs present include Leucothoe axillaris, Symplocos tinctoria, and Vaccinium elliottii. Vines are prominent in examples of this association; these include Berchemia scandens, Gelsemium sempervirens, Smilax laurifolia, Toxicodendron radicans, and Vitis rotundifolia. Scattered patches of Arundinaria gigantea may occur in examples of this community. Herbaceous species common in this association include Carex spp. and Mitchella repens.
Dynamics: No Data Available
Environmental Description: This forest is found on levees or terraces in the Atlantic Coastal Plain of South Carolina and Georgia.
Geographic Range: This forest is found on levees or terraces in the Atlantic Coastal Plain of South Carolina and Georgia; its full range is not known.
Nations: US
States/Provinces: GA, SC
US Forest Service Ecoregions (1994/1995)
Domain Name:
Division Name:
Province Name: Outer Coastal Plain Mixed Forest Province
Province Code: 232    Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Coastal Plains and Flatwoods, Lower Section
Section Code: 232B     Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Omernik Ecoregions:
Confidence Level: Low
Confidence Level Comments:
Grank: G3?
Greasons:
Concept Lineage:
Predecessors:
Obsolete Names:
Obsolete Parents:
Synonomy:
Concept Author(s): M. Pyne and L. Gawin
Author of Description: M. Pyne and L. Gawin
Acknowledgements:
Version Date: 29Jan1999
References:
  • Peet, R. K., T. R. Wentworth, M. P. Schafale, and A.S. Weakley. No date. Unpublished data of the North Carolina Vegetation Survey. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.
  • Southeastern Ecology Working Group of NatureServe. No date. International Ecological Classification Standard: International Vegetation Classification. Terrestrial Vegetation. NatureServe, Durham, NC.