Invalid Unit Specified
CEGL007206 Fagus grandifolia - Quercus alba - (Acer barbatum) / Mixed Herbs Forest

The U.S. National
Vegetation Classification
Type Concept Sentence:
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Common (Translated Scientific) Name: American Beech - White Oak - (Southern Sugar Maple) / Mixed Herbs Forest
Colloquial Name: Atlantic Coastal Plain Mesic Mixed Hardwood Forest
Hierarchy Level: Association
Type Concept: This association includes forests of mesic and calcareous slopes of the Atlantic Coastal Plain. The canopy is typically dominated by Fagus grandifolia and Quercus alba, with Acer barbatum present in some stands within its range. Characteristic species include Carya alba, Viburnum acerifolium, Crataegus marshallii, and Crataegus spathulata. The herb layer is diverse with a variable composition. This is a general concept type which needs better definition; its relationship to other types in this alliance needs to be defined.
Diagnostic Characteristics: No Data Available
Rationale for Nominal Species or Physiognomic Features:
Classification Comments: The West Gulf Coastal Plain occurrences are classified separately as Fagus grandifolia - Quercus alba / Acer (barbatum, leucoderme) / Solidago auriculata Forest (CEGL007207) due to significant floristic differences correlated with geography; however, nothing in the current description of CEGL007206 indicates these floristic differences. The Piedmont portion of this association is being separated out as the Acidic Piedmont Mesic Mixed Hardwood Forest, Fagus grandifolia - Quercus rubra / Cornus florida / Polystichum acrostichoides - Hexastylis virginica Forest (CEGL008465), and the Basic Piedmont Mesic Mixed Hardwood Forest, Fagus grandifolia - Quercus rubra / Aesculus sylvatica / Actaea racemosa - Adiantum pedatum Forest (CEGL008466).
Similar NVC Types:
Fagus grandifolia - Quercus (alba, rubra) - Liriodendron tulipifera / (Ilex opaca var. opaca) Forest, note:
Fagus grandifolia - Quercus nigra Forest, note:
Fagus grandifolia - Quercus alba / Acer (barbatum, leucoderme) / Solidago auriculata Forest, note:
Physiognomy and Structure: No Data Available
Floristics: The canopy of this association is typically dominated by Fagus grandifolia and Quercus alba, with Acer barbatum present in some stands within its range. Characteristic species include Carya alba, Viburnum acerifolium, Crataegus marshallii, and Crataegus spathulata. Other understory trees and shrubs include Magnolia tripetala, Stewartia malacodendron, Vaccinium tenellum, Hamamelis virginiana, and Styrax grandifolius. The herb layer is diverse with a variable composition.
Dynamics: No Data Available
Environmental Description: Stands of this association are found on mesic and calcareous slopes of the Atlantic Coastal Plain.
Geographic Range: This forest is found in the Atlantic Coastal Plain, from Virginia (?), through the Carolinas, and possibly south to Georgia.
Nations: US
States/Provinces: GA?, NC, SC
US Forest Service Ecoregions (1994/1995)
Domain Name:
Division Name:
Province Name: Outer Coastal Plain Mixed Forest Province
Province Code: 232    Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Coastal Plains and Flatwoods, Lower Section
Section Code: 232B     Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Omernik Ecoregions:
Confidence Level: Moderate
Confidence Level Comments:
Grank: G4
Greasons: [Review Grank when the Piedmont portion is removed.]
Concept Lineage:
Predecessors:
Obsolete Names:
Obsolete Parents:
Synonomy: = Basic Mesic Forest (Coastal Plain Subtype) (Schafale and Weakley 1990)
Concept Author(s): M.P. Schafale and A.S. Weakley
Author of Description: M. Pyne
Acknowledgements:
Version Date: 27Sep2005
References:
  • Nelson, J. B. 1986. The natural communities of South Carolina: Initial classification and description. South Carolina Wildlife and Marine Resources Department, Division of Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries, Columbia, SC. 55 pp.
  • Peet, R. K., T. R. Wentworth, M. P. Schafale, and A.S. Weakley. No date. Unpublished data of the North Carolina Vegetation Survey. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.
  • Schafale, M. P. 2012. Classification of the natural communities of North Carolina, 4th Approximation. North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, Division of Parks and Recreation, Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh.
  • Schafale, M. P., and A. S. Weakley. 1990. Classification of the natural communities of North Carolina. Third approximation. North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources, Division of Parks and Recreation, Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh. 325 pp.
  • Southeastern Ecology Working Group of NatureServe. No date. International Ecological Classification Standard: International Vegetation Classification. Terrestrial Vegetation. NatureServe, Durham, NC.