Invalid Unit Specified
CEGL007863 Fagus grandifolia - Quercus alba - Quercus laurifolia / Galax urceolata Forest

The U.S. National
Vegetation Classification
Type Concept Sentence:
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Common (Translated Scientific) Name: American Beech - White Oak - Laurel Oak / Beetleweed Forest
Colloquial Name: Atlantic Coastal Plain Mesic Beech Bluff Forest
Hierarchy Level: Association
Type Concept: This community occurs on moist river bluffs in the Outer Coastal Plain of North Carolina. Fagus grandifolia is a conspicuous and diagnostic component of the mixed canopy in stands of this type; other species include Quercus alba, Quercus laurifolia, Liquidambar styraciflua, Acer rubrum, Quercus nigra, Ulmus americana, Quercus falcata, and Pinus taeda. Shrubs can include Sassafras albidum, Vaccinium elliottii, Calycanthus floridus, Vaccinium stamineum, and Vaccinium fuscatum. Galax urceolata is a conspicuous component of the herbaceous stratum. Soils are presumably strongly acidic, and the slope and proximity to rivers or streams maintains microclimates suitable for Galax urceolata.
Diagnostic Characteristics: No Data Available
Rationale for Nominal Species or Physiognomic Features:
Classification Comments: Related vegetation in Virginia is now treated as Fagus grandifolia - Quercus alba / Kalmia latifolia - (Rhododendron catawbiense) / Galax urceolata Forest (CEGL004539) or Fagus grandifolia - Quercus nigra Forest (CEGL007211).
Similar NVC Types:
Fagus grandifolia - Quercus alba / Kalmia latifolia - (Rhododendron catawbiense) / Galax urceolata Forest, note:
Fagus grandifolia - Quercus nigra Forest, note:
Physiognomy and Structure: No Data Available
Floristics: Fagus grandifolia is a conspicuous and diagnostic component of the mixed canopy in stands of this type; other species include Quercus alba, Quercus laurifolia, Liquidambar styraciflua, Acer rubrum, Quercus nigra, Ulmus americana, Quercus falcata, and Pinus taeda. Shrubs can include Sassafras albidum, Vaccinium elliottii, Calycanthus floridus, Vaccinium stamineum, and Vaccinium fuscatum. Galax urceolata is a conspicuous component of the herbaceous stratum.
Dynamics: No Data Available
Environmental Description: This community occurs on moist river bluffs in the Outer Coastal Plain of North Carolina. Soils are presumably strongly acidic. The slope and proximity to rivers or streams maintain microclimates suitable for Galax urceolata.
Geographic Range: This community occurs on moist river bluffs in the Outer Coastal Plain of North Carolina.
Nations: US
States/Provinces: NC
US Forest Service Ecoregions (1994/1995)
Domain Name:
Division Name:
Province Name: Outer Coastal Plain Mixed Forest Province
Province Code: 232    Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Section Name: Coastal Plains and Flatwoods, Lower Section
Section Code: 232B     Occurrence Status: Confident or certain
Omernik Ecoregions:
Confidence Level: Low - Poorly Documented
Confidence Level Comments:
Grank: G4?
Greasons: This community is believed to be relatively common and secure. Additional information is needed relative to its distribution and relation to other similar communities.
Concept Lineage:
Predecessors:
Obsolete Names:
Obsolete Parents:
Synonomy: ? CT-E. Mixed Coastal Plain hardwoods and conifers - mixed oaks / Galax urceolata (River Bluff) (Frost and Musselman 1987)
Concept Author(s): A.S. Weakley
Author of Description: A.S. Weakley
Acknowledgements:
Version Date: 07Jan2013
References:
  • Fleming, G. P., P. P. Coulling, D. P. Walton, K. M. McCoy, and M. R. Parrish. 2001. The natural communities of Virginia: Classification of ecological community groups. First approximation. Natural Heritage Technical Report 01-1. Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, Division of Natural Heritage, Richmond, VA. 76 pp.
  • Frost, C. C., and L. J. Musselman. 1987. History and vegetation of the Blackwater Ecologic Preserve. Castanea 52:16-46.
  • Peet, R. K., T. R. Wentworth, M. P. Schafale, and A.S. Weakley. No date. Unpublished data of the North Carolina Vegetation Survey. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.
  • Southeastern Ecology Working Group of NatureServe. No date. International Ecological Classification Standard: International Vegetation Classification. Terrestrial Vegetation. NatureServe, Durham, NC.