Invalid Unit Specified
Association Detail Report: CEGL007863
Fagus grandifolia - Quercus alba - Quercus laurifolia / Galax urceolata Forest

The U.S. National
Vegetation Classification
Collapse All::Expand All
Translated Name:American Beech - White Oak - Laurel Oak / Beetleweed Forest
Colloquial Name:Atlantic Coastal Plain Mesic Beech Bluff Forest
This community occurs on moist river bluffs in the Outer Coastal Plain of North Carolina. Fagus grandifolia is a conspicuous and diagnostic component of the mixed canopy in stands of this type; other species include Quercus alba, Quercus laurifolia, Liquidambar styraciflua, Acer rubrum, Quercus nigra, Ulmus americana, Quercus falcata, and Pinus taeda. Shrubs can include Sassafras albidum, Vaccinium elliottii, Calycanthus floridus, Vaccinium stamineum, and Vaccinium fuscatum. Galax urceolata is a conspicuous component of the herbaceous stratum. Soils are presumably strongly acidic, and the slope and proximity to rivers or streams maintains microclimates suitable for Galax urceolata.
No Data Available
Related vegetation in Virginia is now treated as Fagus grandifolia - Quercus alba / Kalmia latifolia - (Rhododendron catawbiense) / Galax urceolata Forest (CEGL004539) or Fagus grandifolia - Quercus nigra Forest (CEGL007211).
Synonomy: ? CT-E. Mixed Coastal Plain hardwoods and conifers - mixed oaks / Galax urceolata (River Bluff) (Frost and Musselman 1987)

Related Type Name:

Short Citation:
  • Fleming et al. 2001
  • Frost and Musselman 1987
  • Peet et al. unpubl. data
  • Southeastern Ecology Working Group n.d.
States/Provinces:NC
Nations:US
Range:This community occurs on moist river bluffs in the Outer Coastal Plain of North Carolina.
US Forest Service Ecoregions
Domain Name:
Division Name:
Province Name:Outer Coastal Plain Mixed Forest Province
Province Code:232   Occurrence Status:Confident or certain
Section Name:Coastal Plains and Flatwoods, Lower Section
Section Code:232B     Occurrence Status:Confident or certain
No Data Available
Fagus grandifolia is a conspicuous and diagnostic component of the mixed canopy in stands of this type; other species include Quercus alba, Quercus laurifolia, Liquidambar styraciflua, Acer rubrum, Quercus nigra, Ulmus americana, Quercus falcata, and Pinus taeda. Shrubs can include Sassafras albidum, Vaccinium elliottii, Calycanthus floridus, Vaccinium stamineum, and Vaccinium fuscatum. Galax urceolata is a conspicuous component of the herbaceous stratum.
This community occurs on moist river bluffs in the Outer Coastal Plain of North Carolina. Soils are presumably strongly acidic. The slope and proximity to rivers or streams maintain microclimates suitable for Galax urceolata.
Low - Poorly Documented
No Data Available
Authors:
A.S. Weakley      Version Date: 07Jan2013


References:
  • Fleming, G. P., P. P. Coulling, D. P. Walton, K. M. McCoy, and M. R. Parrish. 2001. The natural communities of Virginia: Classification of ecological community groups. First approximation. Natural Heritage Technical Report 01-1. Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, Division of Natural Heritage, Richmond, VA. 76 pp.
  • Frost, C. C., and L. J. Musselman. 1987. History and vegetation of the Blackwater Ecologic Preserve. Castanea 52:16-46.
  • Peet, R. K., T. R. Wentworth, M. P. Schafale, and A.S. Weakley. No date. Unpublished data of the North Carolina Vegetation Survey. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.
  • Southeastern Ecology Working Group of NatureServe. No date. International Ecological Classification Standard: International Vegetation Classification. Terrestrial Vegetation. NatureServe, Durham, NC.


USNVC Credits: Detailed Description of the National Vegetation Classification Types

Date Accessed:

To cite a description:
Author(s). publicationYear. Description Title [last revised revisionDate]. United States National Vegetation Classification. Federal Geographic Data Committee, Washington, D.C.

About spatial standards:
The United States Federal Geographic Data Committee (hereafter called the FGDC) is tasked to develop geospatial data standards that will enable sharing of spatial data among producers and users and support the growing National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI), acting under the Office of Management Budget (OMB) Circular A-16 (OMB 1990, 2000) and Executive Order #12906 (Clinton 1994) as amended by Executive Order #13286 (Bush 2003). FGDC subcommittees and working groups, in consultation and cooperation with state, local, tribal, private, academic, and international communities, develop standards for the content, quality, and transferability of geospatial data. FGDC standards are developed through a structured process, integrated with one another to the extent possible, supportable by the current vendor community (but are independent of specific technologies), and publicly available.

About this document
This document contains type descriptions at the Association level of the U.S. National Vegetation Classification. These descriptions were primarily written by NatureServe ecologists in collaboration with Federal Geographic Data Committee Vegetation Subcommittee and a wide variety of state, federal and private partners as a part of the implementation of the National Vegetation Classification. Formation descriptions were written by the Hierarchy Revisions Working Group. The descriptions are based on consultation with natural resource professionals, published literature, and other vegetation classification systems. The Ecological Society of America's Panel on Vegetation Classification is responsible for managing the review and formal adoption of these types into the National Vegetation Classification. Partners involved in the implementation of the USNVC include:

U.S. Government
  • Department of Agriculture (USDA)
  • Department of Commerce (DOC)
  • Department of Defense (DOD)
  • Department of the Interior (USDI)
  • Forest Service (FS) - Chair
  • National Agriculture Statistical Service (NASS)
  • Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
  • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
  • National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS)
  • U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE)
  • U.S. Navy (NAVY)
  • Bureau of Land Management (BLM)
  • Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS)
  • National Park Service (NPS)
  • U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
  • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Non U.S. Government
  • NatureServe (NS)
  • Ecological Society of America (ESA)

Disclaimer:
Given the dynamic nature of the standard, it is possible a type description is incomplete or in revision at the time of download; therefore, users of the data should track the date of access and read the revisions section of the USNVC.org website to understand the current status of the classification. While USNVC data have undergone substantial review prior to posting, it is possible that some errors or inaccuracies have remained undetected.

For information on the process used to develop these descriptions see:

Faber-Langendoen, D., T. Keeler-Wolf, D. Meidinger, D. Tart, B. Hoagland, C. Josse, G. Navarro, S. Ponomarenko, J.-P. Saucier, A. Weakley, P. Comer. 2014. EcoVeg: A new approach to vegetation description and classification. Ecological Monographs 84:533-561 (erratum 85:473).

Franklin, S., D. Faber-Langendoen, M. Jennings, T. Keeler-Wolf, O. Loucks, A. McKerrow, R.K. Peet, and D. Roberts. 2012. Building the United States National Vegetation Classification. Annali di Botanica 2: 1-9.

Jennings, M. D., D. Faber-Langendoen, O. L. Louckes, R. K. Peet, and D. Roberts. 2009. Standards for associations and alliances of the U.S. National Vegetation Classification. Ecological Monographs 79(2):173-199.

FGDC [Federal Geographic Data Committee]. 2008. Vegetation Classification Standard, FGDC-STD-005, Version 2. Washington, DC., USA. [http://www.fgdc.gov/standards/projects/FGDC-standards-projects/vegetation/NVCS_V2_FINAL_2008-02.pdf]

For additional information contact:

  • Implementation of the U.S. National Vegetation Classification Standard - Alexa McKerrow (amckerrow@usgs.gov)
  • NatureServe's Development of NVC Type Descriptions - Don Faber-Langendoen (don_faber- langendoen@natureserve.org)
  • Ecological Society of America's Review of the Type Descriptions Scott.Franklin@unco.edu
  • Federal Geographic Data Committee - Vegetation Subcommittee's Activities - Marianne Burke (mburke@fs.fed.us)