Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Units Program: New York
Education, Research and Technical Assistance for Managing Our Natural Resources

New York Staff Member

Dr. Daniel Whitney Linden

Dan Linden with four cubs outside of Orono, Maine.

Post Doc
Phone: (401) 529 - 5675


  • Ph D Michigan State University 2011
  • MS Michigan State University 2006
  • BS University of Rhode Island 2003


I joined the New York Unit as a Post-Doc in January 2015, after 2 years in the Maine Unit working on integrated population modeling for black bears in the state. Before that I was a graduate student at Michigan State University in the Fisheries and Wildlife department. My dissertation research examined relationships between forest management practices and bird communities in the Pacific Northwest. I grew up in RI and am a passionate fan of the Boston sports teams (as well as the MSU Spartans). Aside from watching and playing sports, I also enjoy traveling, camping, and snowboarding.. I am broadly interested in wildlife population modeling and the estimation of relationships between species and environments at multiple scales. I use field data that have been collected by myself or others to quantify various metrics of interest (e.g., species distributions and abundances, demographic parameters) that can be helpful for informing management and conservation, or enhancing ecological understanding. I am particularly interested in hierarchical modeling to properly partition variation among relevant dimensions, including individuals, space, and time. A majority of my work has used the BUGS language to specify and estimate model parameters in a Bayesian framework, though I am open to many other methods of inference depending on the objectives. My research in Maine involved using integrated population models to jointly estimate demographic parameters and identify the survey methods that are critical for sound monitoring of the bear population in Maine. Here in New York, I am helping the NY DEC with an assessment of fisher distribution and abundance throughout the state using occupancy and spatial capture-recapture modeling.

Research Publications Publication Date
Williams, B. W., D. R. Etter, D. W. Linden, K. F. Millenbah, S. R. Winterstein, and K. T. Scribner. 2009. Noninvasive Hair Sampling and Genetic Tagging of Co-Distributed Fishers and American Martens. Journal of Wildlife Management 73:26-34. January 2009
Sethi SA, Linden D, Wenburg J, Lewis C, Lemons P, Fuller A, Hare M. (2016) Accurate recapture identification for genetic mark-recapture studies with error-tolerant likelihood-based match calling and sample clustering. Royal Society Open Science 3: 160457. DOI: 10.1098/rsos.160457 . December 2016
Linden, D.W., A. K. Fuller, J. A. Royle, and M.P. Hare. 2017. Examining the occupancy-density relationship for a low density carnivore. Journal of Applied Ecology doi: 10.1111/1365-2664.12883. January 2017
Linden, D. W., and G. J. Roloff. 2013. Retained structures and bird communities in clearcut forests of the Pacific Northwest, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 310:1045-1056. September 2013
Linden, D. W., H. Campa, III, G. J. Roloff, D. E. Beyer, Jr., and K. F. Millenbah. 2011. Modeling habitat potential for Canada lynx in Michigan. Wildlife Society Bulletin 35:20-26. January 2011
Linden, D. W., G. J. Roloff, and A. J. Kroll. 2012. Conserving avian richness through structure retention in managed forests of the Pacific Northwest, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 284:174-184. November 2012
Fuller, A.K., D.W. Linden, and J.A. Royle. 2016. Management Decision Making for Fisher Populations Informed by Occupancy Modeling. Journal of Wildlife Management. DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.21077 May 2016
Project Completion Date
Black bear population modeling April 2015
Presentations Presentation Date
Rolek, B.W., D.J. Harrison, D.W. Linden, C.S. Loftin, and P.B. Wood. 2016. Long-term effects of forest harvesting on spruce-fir avian communities. Presented at the 2016 North America Congress for Conservation Biology, Madison,WI, 17-20 July. July 2016
Linden, Daniel W., and Shawn T. McKinney. Using all the data: Improving inferences from population models. Eastern Black Bear Workshop, Millinocket, ME. April 2013
Linden, Daniel W., and Shawn T. McKinney. Improved inferences on population dynamics of black bears in Maine through integrated modeling. The Wildlife Society Annual Conference, Milwaukee, WI. October 2013
Linden, D.W., A.K. Fuller, and J.A. Royle. 2015. Incorporating uncertain identity in spatial capture-recapture: application to fisher in New York. The Wildlife Society 22nd Annual Meeting, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. October 2015
Linden, D., A. Fuller, and J. Royle. Incorporating uncertain identity in spatial capture-recapture modeling. CompSust16. Ithaca, NY. 7 July, 2016. July 2016
Linden, D., A. Fuller, and J. Royle, and M. Hare. Examining the occupancy-density relationship for a low density carnivore. The Wildlife Society 23rd Annual Conference, Raleigh, NC. October 17, 2016. October 2016