Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Units Program:
Education, Research and Technical Assistance for Managing Our Natural Resources


Optimizing sampling efforts for estimating urban and rural coyote density and determining coyote diet using a noninvasive framework

July 2019 - March 2022


Participating Agencies

Coyotes (Canis latrans) in North America are supreme generalists and have readily colonized urban landscapes (Gehrt et al. 2009), including those in Florida. We will utilize a noninvasive approach to fill several knowledge gaps for coyotes in Florida. Our overall goals are to identify the most efficient (i.e. minimal cost per successful sample) and robust (i.e., adequate sampling effort) spatio-temporal design for future capture–recapture monitoring efforts through determination of scat accumulation rates, an understanding of DNA degradation rates, and estimates of area to sample. A secondary objective is to examine coyote diet using a traditional morphometric approach and noninvasive scat DNA sampling.

Research Publications Publication Date
Kluever, B. M., M. B. Main, S. W. Breck, R. C. Lonsinger, J. H. Humphrey, J. W. Fischer, M. P. Milleson, and A. J. Piaggio. 2022. Using noninvasive genetics for estimating density and assessing diet of urban and rural coyotes in Florida, USA. Urban Naturalist 51: 1-24. | Abstract May 2022